Tossups by Swarthmore College



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Tossups by Swarthmore College:

1) The playwright took its title from some graffiti he saw scrawled on the mirror of a European bathroom. When it didn’t win the 1962 Pulitzer Prize, several members of

the Pulitzer selection committee resigned in protest. It has only four characters, two college professors and their wives, and not coincidentally, the sterile couple is named for the proverbial parents of our country. For ten points, name this play about Nick, Honey, George, and Martha, written by Edward Albee.

Answer: _Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?_

2) It opens as the title character and his friend, Nicklausse, drink in Luther’s Tavern.

The title character then tells three stories about thee women he has loved: Olympia an automaton, Giulietta who was seduced by a magician, and Antonia, a consumptive singer who sang herself to death. It ends with an epilogue in which the Muse of Art appears and consoles the storyteller. For ten points, name this opera by Jaques Offenbach.

Answer: _The Tales of Hoffmann_


3) Socrates fought here in 422 BC, but his valor and the efforts of his fellow Athenians couldn’t prevent Sparta from capturing the battles namesake city. In this battle, Brasidas led an army of helots and mercenaries and defeated Cleon and the Athenian army, but both generals were killed. For ten points, name this battle in which the historian Thudcydides tried, but failed, to relieve the besieged Athenians.

Answer: Baffle of _Amphipolis-



  1. The Josephson Effect is the flow of electric current in the form of these between two superconducting materials. They are electrons that, when correctly placed among positive ions, no longer repel one another but instead attract one another and move in the same direction, eliminating all resistance to the flow of electricity in their medium. For ten points, identify these pairs of electrons, named for the American scientist who discovered them and co-founded BCS theory.

Answer: _Cooper_ Pairs (Prompt on _electrons_ on an early buzz)

  1. His widow, Ingred, runs a San Diego restaurant named for him and published a half-cookbook, half dual biography entitled _Thyme in a Bottle_ with thyme spelled T-H-Y-M-E. He died in a plane crash in 1973, shortly after he recorded his version of _Ive Got a Name_. For then points, name this Philadelphia-born folk singer who wrote and sang _Operator_, _Bad Bad Leroy Brown_, and _You Don’t Mess Around With Jim_.

Answer: Jim _Croce_

  1. He was so sycophantic that his fellow Nazis called him by a pun of his surname that means lackey in German. In 1938, Hitler appointed him supreme commander of Germanys combined armed forces, and in 1941 he became commander of the German forces on the Soviet front. For ten points, name this field marshal who signed Germanys terms of military surrender and was executed for committing war crimes in 1946.

Answer: Wilhelm -Keitel-

  1. Alexander Pope said a needless one ends the song that like a wounded snake drags

its slow length along. Pierre de Ronsard popularized it in the 16th century, and it became the accepted standard for French verse until the 1800s. For ten points, name this verse form, a line of 12 syllables in 6 iambic feet, that first appeared in 2th century romances about a famous Macedonian.

Answer: -Alexandrine-



  1. At the Synod of Jerusalem in 1672, the Orthodox church confirmed this doctrine as essential to faith; the Roman Catholic church had officially adopted it more than 450 years before. In his encyclical _Mysterium Fidei_, Pope Paul VI attacked the idea that this process is merely symbolic, as had the Council of Trent five hundred years earlier. For ten points, name this Christian doctrine that says, in the Eucharist, the wine and bread become the blood and body of Jesus.

Answer: -transubstantiation-

  1. First plotted in 1904, its precise implications for the generation of the sun’s internal magnetic field have not yet been determined. Most of the activity documented appears at latitudes between 35 degrees south and 35 degrees north, with a typical migration of subjects from high altitudes toward the equator as the number of sunspots rises, giving the diagram a shape like the wings of an insect. FTP, identify this diagram of sunspot cycles, named for the Greenwich Observatory astronomer who first plotted it.

Answer: -Maunder Butterfly_ diagram

  1. Eleven days before his arrest, he had tea with his friend Margaret Thatcher who is now calling for his release. Spanish judge Baltasar Garzon who orchestrated this

former head-of-states arrest, wants to try him for 94 counts of murder, as well as for torture and genocide, in a Spanish court. For ten points, name this general who took power in a bloody 1973 coup when he overthrew Salvador Allende.

Answer: Augusto _Pinochet_



  1. His best friend was his pet poodle who biographers now think may have been a really ugly cat. Born in 1788, this philosopher left home when his mother, a novelist, pushed him down a flight of stairs. He taught at Jena where he often spoke to empty classrooms because, out of spite, he always scheduled his lectures to conflict with those of his more popular rival, G. F. Hegel. For ten points, name this German philosopher who wrote -The World as Will and Idea-.

Answer: Arthur -Schopenhauer-

  1. It follows the form of a Petrarchan sonnet, and its title object was a volume first published in 1616, an edition of which Charles Clarke had read to the poet. Written in 1816, it typifies the authors use of sensual imagery and mythological allusions, and line eleven contains one of the greatest historical inaccuracies in English literature, confusing Cortez for Balboa. For ten points, name this poem, one of the earliest by John Keats.

Answer: -On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer-

  1. He co-starred with Dolores Montenegro in the movies - Preacher with a Shovel- and - Calling all Quakers!-, and also appeared in -The Erotic Adventures of Hercules-. He also starred on television in -Buck Henderson, Union Buster- and -Handel with Kare -. For ten points, name this fictional actor who has hosted such telethons as- Out with Gout ‘88- and is a regular on the game show -Springfield Squares-, who was voiced by Phil Hartman on -The Simpsons-.

Answer: Troy -McClure-

  1. After reading a series of correspondence between Daniel Bernoulli and Goldbach, Joseph Liouville proved in 1844 that this class of numbers exists as an infinite class that can be produced using continued fractions. In 1873, it was proven that e fit this category, and in 1882 pi was added; any trigonometric ratio or logarithm resulting from these numbers also fits the bill. FTP, name this subset of irrational numbers that are not algebraic.

Answer: -transcendental- numbers

  1. On one return trip to Europe, he met Saint Anselm and gave him a present of several hairs that he claimed were from the Virgin Mary. Born around 1057, this eldest son of Robert Guiscard began his career by attacking the Byzantine Empire, but then made peace with it when he went on the First Crusade. He was captured by the Muslims in 1100, but was released three years later. For ten points, name this Norman warrior who was the first king of the Christian state of Antioch.

Answer: -Bohemond- I

  1. Founded in 1916, this artistic, movement began as a nihilistic protest against Western culture and militarism. Named by the poet Tristan Tzara, members of its Zurich group included Hugo Ball and Jean Arp while members of its New York clique included Francis Picabia and Man Ray. For ten points, name this art movement whose name means hobby-horse and whose most famous member created such works as a urinal titled -Fountain, 1917-.

Answer: -Dada-ism


  1. After his wife left him for a Pre-Raphaelite painter, he fell in love with a nine year old girl who, nine years later, he asked to marry him. The mentor of William Morris, this Englishman worked at Oxford despite recurring attacks of mental illness. His artistic criticism influenced Victorian tastes, and he coined the term pathetic fallacy when writing about literature. For ten points, name this critic who wrote -Modem Painters- and -The Seven Lamps of Architecture-.

Answer: John -Ruskin-

  1. This movie was created by two Nobel Prize-winners, William Faulkner who adapted Ernest Hemingway’s novel of the same name into the screenplay. In it, Harry Morgan, a fisherman, helps the beautiful Marie Browning and rescues a resistance fighter from Vichy-controlled Martinique. For ten points, name this film that starred Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Becall who taught us all how to whistle.

Answer: -To Have and Have Not-

  1. Many workers claimed that Section 14 (b), which permitted right-to-work laws, impeded their ability to organize. This series of amendments to the National Labor Relations Act limited the power of unions and required officers of certain unions to swear that they were not members of the Communist Party. For ten points, identify this 1947 act named for an Ohio senator and a congressman from New Jersey.

Answer: -Taft-Hartley- Act or the -Labor-Management Relations Act- of 1947





  1. Transfer of heat from the fluid to a low temperature reservoir; Adiabatic increase in the temperature of the working fluid; Heat transfer from the high-temperature reservoir to the working fluid; Adiabatic decrease in the fluid’s temperature. For ten points, these four reversible processes are the steps in what thermodynamic process, named for a nineteenth-century French physicist?

Answer: -Carnot Cycle-

  1. His lesser-known works include-The Boy Inventor- and -Oregon and Eldorado, or

Romance of the Rivers-. Born in 1796 in Boston, Massachusetts, he worked as an

accountant, but spent his leisure time studying classical literature and writing down

the stories he read -in clear, simple prose so children could read and enjoy them. For

ten points, name this author whose work -The Age of Fable- is commonly known as his eponymous -Mythology-.

Answer: Thomas -Bulfinch-


  1. He was conceived after his father’s death. In the marshes of Chemmis, his mother took her dead husband’s penis, stolen after he had been hacked to pieces by his rival Seth, and used it to become pregnant and bear, FTP, what falcon-headed god, son of Isis and (though he may not remember much about the occasion) Osiris?

Answer: -Horus-

Boni by Swarthmore College:

1) Name the philosopher, 30-20-10.


30) He was married to Alys Smith for 27 years, Dora Black for 14 years, Patricia Spence for 16 years, and Edith Finch for 18 years

20) Some of his works include -Nightmares of Eminent Persons-, -Unpopular Essays-, and -Why I Am Not a Christian-.

10) His grandfather was a Prime Minister, his godfather was John Stuart Mill and he won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1950.

Answer: Bertrand -Russell-

2) 5-10-15. Name the psychologist from his really cruel experiment.

5) In his experiment, a subject was told to administer electric shocks to an unseen person in another room. Though the other person cried out, complained of a heart problem, screamed, and then became ominously silent, most subjects continued administering shocks to the upper limit of the machine, labeled only XXX.


Answer: Stanley -Milgram-

10) Using a white rat and a gong, he conditioned Little Albert to fear white furry things.

His report on the experiment ends by stating that no attempt was made to decondition

the child, and no one knows what became of Little Albert. He was forced to retire from

psychology shortly after this experiment due to his affair with his assistant, Rosalie

Rayner.


Answer: John -Watson-

15) This Stanford professor created a makeshift prison in the basement of Stanford’s

library, where he installed several students as guards and inmates. The experiment was planned to last two weeks, but was terminated after only a few days because the guards were becoming violent and the inmates were beginning to exhibit psychological problems.

Answer: Philip -Zimbardo-

3) For ten points apiece, name the royal family from its members.
a) In France: Henry IV, Louis XIII, Louis XIV Answer: -Bourbon-

b) In Britain: Anne, James 11 Answer: -Stuart-

c) In Germany: Conrad III, Henry VI Answer: -Hohenstauffen-
4) For 15 points apiece, identify the Japanese author from works:
a) Confessions of a Mask; The Temple of the Golden Pavilion
Answer: -Mishima- Yukio or -Hiraoka- Kimiake

b) The Sound of the Mountain ; Snow Country


Answer: -Kawabata- Yasunari

5) 5-10-15. Identify these things in your brain associated with pleasure.


a) This class of neurotransmitter includes opiates. They suppress pain and are responsible for “runner’s high.”
Answer: -endorphins-

b) An excess of this neurotransmitter is thought to cause schizophrenia; it is blocked by anti psychotic drugs. A variations is used to treat Parkinson’s Disease.


Answer: -dopamine-

c) This area of the brain was originally thought to be associated with fear, but that hypothesis was revised when it was found that rats placed in a cage with a lever stimulating this area would press the lever until they died of exhaustion. Similar experiments concerning self-mediated intercranial stimulation have been tried with human beings suffering from depression.


Answer: -medial forebrain- bundle (prompt on forebrain)

6) Name these films written by, directed by, and starring the great Coleman Francis for ten points each.


a) This film features a Bay of Pigs scenario and senseless violence galore, including the pushing of an old man into a well while his blind daughter blithely plays the piano. It also stars John Carradine.
Answer: -Red Zone Cuba- (also accept _Night Train to Mundo Fine-)

b) In this film, Francis’s seeming obsession with small planes is most fully developed. It

also contains the immortal line, Coffee? [long pause] I like coffee.

Answer: -The Skydivers-

c) Tor Johnson stars in this film as a Russian scientist who is caught in an atomic blast, as well as more of Francis’s trademark random violence. This film is also noted for its random narration, including such clarifying comments as flag on the moon how’d it get there? and a reference to the protagonist as a melted scientist.
Answer: -The Beast of Yucca Flats- (also accept -The Atomic Monster- or-Girl Madness-)

7) Given the paintings, name the American artist FTPE:


a) Old Battersea Bridge; Nocturne in Blue and Gold_; _The White Girl_
Answer: James Abbot McNeil -Whistler-

b) -Targets- and -Flags-


Answer: Jasper -Johns-

c) -Mending the Net-, -The Gross Clinic-


Answer: Thomas -Eakins-

8) 30-20-10, name the man.


30) He was defeated for office in 1893 after being implicated in the Panama Canal scandal and wrongfully accused of having been bought out by British interests.

20) He then returned to the journalism career that had begun with a stint as a war correspondent with Grant; he founded the newspaper -Le Bloc- and passionately defended Alfred Dreyfus.

10) He is best known for his second tenure as French prime minister, in which he led his country through much of World War 1.
Answer: Georges -Clemenceau-

9) Name these masochist and suicidal writers from what sick things they did to

themselves for 15 points, or for an easier clue about their lives for 5.

15) When young, this poet would cut herself with a razor just to see herself bleed. Later,

she hid in a crawl space under her house and poisoned herself, but was found alive.

5) This wife of poet Ted Hughes killed herself by putting her head in a gas oven.

Answer: Sylvia -Plath-

15) This Russian poet wrote a farewell poem in his own blood shortly before hanging himself in a hotel room.

5) He wrote actively during the Silver Age of the 1920s and was at one point married to Isadora Duncan.

Answer: Sergei -Yesenin-

10) Identify the astronomer, 5-10-15.

5) His eponymous constant is a measure of the expansion rate of the universe.

Answer: Edwin -Hubble-

10)This Dutch astronomer developed the theory that comets develop in an area 10,000

to 100,000 AU from the sun, in which they remain frozen without tails or comas.

Answer: Jan -Oort-

15) After World War 1, he extended our knowledge of the Milky Way by combining his research on star clusters with past research on Cepheid variable, showing that the galaxy was far larger than previously believed.

Answer: Harlow _Shapley-

11)The Minnesota governor’s race was enlivened when a colorful personality joined two dry establishment figures in the race. FTPE, identify:

a) The Democratic nominee, the current attorney general and the son of a former senator.


Answer: Hubert H(oratio) -Humphrey- III (or Skip Humphrey)

b) The Republican nominee, the party-switching mayor of Saint Paul who was a Democrat until 1996.

Answer: Norm -Coleman-

c) The Reform Party candidate and winner of the election, a former pro wrestler.


Answer: Jesse “The Body” -Ventura-

12)Name the following characters from the Apocrypha FTPE:

a) A beautiful woman accused of adultery by two old men whom she rejected, she is saved from a sentence of death by the prophet Daniel’s brilliant cross-examination of her accusers.
Answer: -Susanna-

b) This widow seduces and beheads the Assyrian general Holofernes to save her native city of Bethuliah.


Answer: -Judith-

c) He leaves Nineveh to collect a loan for his father, before being guided by the archangel Raphael, marrying his cousin Sara, and driving away the demon Asmodeus, who had in turn carried away seven of Sara’s pastiovers.


Answer: -Tobias_ [Do NOT Accept Tobit, his father]

13) Identify these members of the Mitford family for ten points apiece.

a) Probably the best-known of the Mitford girls, this woman was thecreator of the parlor game of identifying U and non-U speech, with U referring to upper class. She was also a friend of Evelyn Waugh and the author of -Voltaire in Love-.
Answer: -Nancy- Mitford

b) These sisters shared a room as children; on one half, one kept her Marxist literature and bust of Lenin, while the other sister decorated her side with swastikas and

portraits of Hitler. When they fought, they would build a barricade of furniture in the

middle of the room and pelt each other with their chosen propaganda. As adults, one wrote a best-selling book criticizing the American funeral industry and the other became a member of Hitler’s inner circle.

Answer: -Jessica- and -Unity- Mitford

14)Answer the following questions about the competition for this year’s Booker Prize FTPE:

a) FTPE, identify both the novel that won this years award, a political fable involving a euthanasia pact made by two friends, and its author.
Answers: -Amsterdam-, by Ian -McEwan-

b) The favorite to win the award had been the historical novel -Master Georgie-, a tale of the Crimean War by an author who has been nominated for the Booker 5 times. FTP, name the author of -Master Georgie-.


Answer: Beryl _Bainbridge_
15) Identify these works of music associated with E. M. Forster novels for l5 points apiece, or for 5 points apiece is you need a clue about the musical piece.

15) In _Howard’s End-, nearly all of the main characters attend a performance of this

1808 work, which Helen Schlegel likens to goblins walking over the universe.

5) Schindler, a friend of the composer, compared the first four notes of this symphony to fate knocking at the door.

Answer: -Beethoven’s Fifth- Symphony

15) In -Maurice-, Maurice Hall meets Clive Durham as the latter is searching for a copy

of the pianola roll for this 1893 work.

5) The composers brother, Modeste, suggested the nickname for this symphony which premiered in Saint Petersburg.

Answer: -Tchaikovsky’s Pathetic - Symphony (also accept Symphonie - Pathetique- or

Symphony -Number 6- in B Minor, prompt for Tchaikovsky on just -Pathetic-

Symphony)

16)Answer the following questions about post-revolution Russian economic policy, FTSNOP:

5) As the Reds and Whites struggled for control of Russia in the years immediately following the revolution, the Bolsheviks embarked on this policy of centralized economic controls and nationalization of industry.

Answer: _War Communism_ (prompt on communism)

10) After the civil war had ended, the USSR began a more moderate policy allowing

aspects of capitalism in order to rebuild the economy.

Answer: the _N_ew _E_conomic _P_olicy

15)Many historians have seen the origins of the NEP in this brief period of reform

championed by Lenin immediately before War Communism.

Answer: -State Capitalism-

17)30-20-10-5. Name the author from works.

30) -A Man of the People-

20) -No Longer at Ease_

1O) _Christmas in Biafra_

5) -Things Fall Apart-

Answer: Chinua -Achebe-

18) For ten points apiece, name these battles of the Napoleonic Wars.

a) Also called the Battle of Nations, in this 1813 battle, the French and the Allies suffered more than 90,000 casualties.


Answer: Battle of -Leipzig-

b) This battle was fought on October 14, 1806. In it, Napoleon routed a Prussian force under the Duke of Brunswick, and so was able to take Berlin less than a month later.


Answer: Battle of -Jena-

c) On June 14, 1800, Napoleon won this battle over an Austrian force commanded by Michael von Melas. Fought near Genoa, this battle helped drive Austria from northern Italy.


Answer: Battle of -Marengo-

19)30-20-10-5. Name the element.

30) Marguerite Perey of the Curie Laboratory of the Radium Institute discovered this element in 1939.

20) It is the heaviest of the alkali metals and is the most electropositive element.

10) It has atomic number 87 and atomic weight 223.

5) It is named for the country in which it was discovered.

Answer: -Francium-

20)For ten points apiece, name these Cy Young Award winners.

a) This Dodger won three Cy Young Awards in the 1960s and the MVP Award in l963.

Over his career, he averaged more than one strike out per inning pitched.

Answer: Sandford Sandy -Koufax-

b) This Braves southpaw won the Cy Young Award in 1957. He set records for most wins and most strikeouts by a left-handed pitcher.


Answer: Warren -Spahn-

c) This Cardinal won two Cy Young Awards. In 1968, he won the MVP Award for winning 22 games with an ERA of only 1. 1 2.


Answer: Bob -Gibson-

21)Name these scientific effects for ten points apiece.

a) Named for an Indian physicist, this effect is the change in frequency when light is scattered in a transparent material.
Answer: -Raman- effect

b) This is the increase in wavelength of high-energy electromagnetic radiation when it collides with electrons.


Answer: -Compton- effect

c) This effect is the appearance of an electric potential across certain crystal faces when they are subjected to mechanical pressure.


Answer: -Piezoelectric- effect

22) For ten points apiece, name the assassin from his victim

a) Robert Kennedy Answer: Sirhan B. -Sirhan-

b) Huey Long Answer: Carl -Weiss-

c) Mohandas Gandhi Answer: Nathuram -Godse-

22) For ten points apiece, name these Nobel Prize-winning physicists from their

accomplishments.

a) In December 1942, he created the first controlled nuclear fission chain reaction.


Answer: Enrico Fermi

b) This American and his colleague George Zweig first proposed the existence of quarks.


Answer: Murray -Gell-Mann-

c) With American physicists James Rainwater and Ben Moftleson, he proposed a collective motion theory of the atomic nucleus.


Answer -A-age -Bohr-


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