Topic 2 Australia and World War I gallipoli h5 5

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Topic 2 Australia and World War I Gallipoli h5_5


Teaching and learning strategy





Gallipoli and the Australian War Memorial Website

Step 1: Students go to the Australian War Memorial website. then click Australians at war, then click the Australian Military history overview then click First World War, 1914-1918.

Step 2: Students read First World War, 1914-18 and examine photo source AWM Collection Record: A02022 Australian troops in the Turkish Lone Pine trenches.

Teacher led discussion.
Students complete the lesson activity, short answer questions and source analysis questions.

Students save their work at the end of the lesson and either email it to the teachers site or save to the school server under the HSIE/History folder for Year 9 History entitled, Australian War Memorial

Students use a website as part of historical inquiry
Students navigate educational website/

Deep knowledge

Higher order thinking
Quality teaching environment

Students learn about:

Australia’s involvement in World War I

the Gallipoli campaign

Australia’s commemoration of World War I

Students learn to:

identify the places where Australians fought in World War I

describe the experiences of Australians in the Gallipoli campaign using a variety of sources, including a database or website

outline the ways that Australia has commemorated World War I over time

Site study:

a local or national war memorial site

Working historically:

identify, comprehend and use historical sources as part of an historical inquiry

select and use appropriate text forms to communicate about the past

Student Activity Sheet 1

First World War, 1914-18- short answer questions

a.Who was Australia’s Prime Minister at the outbreak of World War I?

b.How was the news of war greeted in Australia and the rest of the world?

c.What was Australia’s early involvement in the Great War?

d.What significant event took place on April 25, 1915?

e.Identify and record the other places where Australian’s fought in World War I.

f.What role did Australia play in the following places during World War 1?

Western Front

Middle East

First World War, 1914-18- Source analysis

A reminder of the importance of sources in history.

Primary source: a source of evidence from the time being studied, e.g. diaries eyewitness account, photographs.

Secondary source: a source of evidence created after the period of time being investigated, e.g. textbook.

Document: anything that is written usually on paper.

Evidence: something that provides information about the past.

Bias: one-sided or unbalanced point of view, a particular perspective, a particular point of view.

Analysing primary sources

The following questions are extremely important to you as a history student in judging the quality of a primary source:

  • Who wrote or made the source (author/photographer)?

  • When and where was it made or published (timing/origin)?

  • Why was it made (purpose/motive)?

  • Who was it made for (audience)?

  • What is the content of the source?

  • What is the author or creator’s point of view or perspective?

Also, consider elements such as bias/neutrality, reliability, informative/persuasive.

Examine source AWM collection record: A02022 from the Australian War Memorial website.

  1. When was the source published? Is it a primary or secondary source?

g.Where was the photo taken? Who has been photographed in the source? (Be specific.)

h.What evidence can you extract from the source about the conditions men faced in the trenches?

i.Use the source and your own knowledge to write a description about the way in which trenches during the Gallipoli campaign were constructed to defend soldiers.

j.The source mentions Lone Pine, use the AWM search engine to research the Battle of Lone Pine. Once you have collected your information write a short account of the Battle of Lone Pine.

k.Go to search and select Database search. Enter the name of an Australian solider who fought in World War I. Ask your teacher to supply you with a list or complete a database search using the name of a family member if relevant. Record information about the soldier that you learn from your AWM database search.


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