Topic 1 Questions What is the best title for the graphic above?



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Module 1 Test Bank




Topic 1 Questions

1. What is the BEST title for the graphic above?

A Characteristics of Spanish colonies

B Characteristics of Dutch Caribbean colonies

C Characteristics of English middle colonies

D Characteristics of French colonies

2. English nobility who received large land grants in eastern Virginia from the King of England were called –

A Cavaliers

B Entrepreneurs

C Huguenots

D Planters

1607 – Jamestown established by the Virginia Company of London

1619 - First Africans were brought against their will to Jamestown

1640’s - ?

1693 - College of William and Mary founded

3. What event BEST completes the timeline above?

A Puritans sign the Mayflower Compact

B House of Burgesses established

C New York and Philadelphia grow as large seaports

D Subsistence farming dominates southern coastal low lands

“By signing this document I have become a member of a community that believes covenants are not only to be honored between God and man, but also between each other.”



4. Who most likely would have made the statement above?

A Puritan living Massachusetts

B Plantation owner from South Carolina

C Shipbuilder working New Jersey

D Indentured servant living Virginia

5. What does the list above have in common?

A How indentured servants gained independence
B
Why Europeans settled in the English colonies
C
Role of colonists and explorers

D How the French treated American Indians
6. In Virginia many poor English immigrants settled in –
A New York and Philadelphia

B Coastal Virginia
C
Shenandoah Valley or western Virginia
D Richmond
7. What was the first elected assembly in the New World?

A House of Burgesses

B Mayflower Compact
C
Congress
D General Assembly of Virginia
8. The New England colonies reflected a strong belief in the values of hard work and thrift that are characteristics attributed to –
A Cavaliers
B
Entrepreneurs
C Puritans
D
Quakers
9. What does NOT describe the settlement of Jamestown?

A Established by the Virginia Company of London
B
Designed as a business venture
C
Founded by Quakers
D
First permanent English settlement in North American

10. In spite of their varied geographic settings the English colonies shared two common characteristics of colonial life which were -
A Private ownership and free enterprise
B
Religion and form of government
C
Slavery and indentured servants
D
Intolerance and lack of education



11. Dissenters fleeing persecution by Puritans in Massachusetts helped found -
A Georgia
B
Rhode Island
C
Virginia
D
West Virginia
I am a member of the middle class, a business owner and I believe in religious tolerance.

12. Who most likely would have made the statement above?
A New England religious leader
B
Middle colony entrepreneur
C Southern plantation owner
D
Appalachian subsistence farmer
13. Colonial society in New England was based on -

A Family status
B
Plantation acreage
C
Religious standing
D Number of slaves


  • Shipbuilding

  • Fishing

  • Lumbering

  • Small-scale subsistence farming

  • Manufacturing



14. The list above describes the economy of –
A New England colonies
B
Middle colonies
C
Southern colonies
D
Spanish colonies
15. Dissenters challenged the Puritans’ belief in the –
A Right to own property
B
Legality of slavery
C
Connection between religion and government

D System of checks and balances
16. The Scots-Irish and people of English descent were small subsistence farmers, hunters, and traders and primarily lived in –
A Coastal lowlands of New Jersey
B
New York and Philadelphia
C
Mountains and valleys of Virginia
D
Plymouth, Massachusetts
17. New England town meetings and the establishment of the Virginia House of Burgesses represented –

A British attempts to strengthen control over the colonies
B
Social reform movements
C
Steps in the growth of representative democracy
D
Colonial efforts to build a strong national government


Often poor persons from England, Scotland, or Ireland agreed to work on plantations for a period of time in return for either their passage from Europe or relief from debts

18. What group is described above?
A Artisans

B Cavaliers
C Entrepreneurs
D
Indentured servants
19. The Mayflower Compact is an important step towards the development of a democratic society because it represents –

A Efforts by English colonists to disobey the King
B
An attempt to establish economic independence
C
An early effort toward self-government
D
Attempt to establish religious freedom

20. The middle colonies had more diverse lifestyles than New England or the Southern colonies because they had a greater variety of-

A Climate

B Geography

C Cultural groups

D Political systems

21. Originally the primary purpose of the joint stock Virginia Company was –

A Provide for the well being of the freeborn settlers in the colony

B Insure a good financial return for the investors
C
Guarantee the security of the colony
D
Secure the necessary treaties with the American Indians

22. What was happening in England at the time of the first colonization efforts?

A Civil wars were tearing the country apart

B Period of economic and social stability

C Struggling under Spanish political control

D Undergoing rapid economic and social change

23. What is NOT an accurate description of the Jamestown settlement?

A Was an immediate economic success

B John Smith provided leadership for the struggling colony

C Tobacco was the economic savior for the settlement

D Early settlers were not well prepared

24. Compared with the Plymouth colony, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was –

A Dedicated to complete separation from the Church of England

B Burdened with corrupt and incompetent leaders

C More focused on religious rather than political liberty

D Larger and more prosperous economically

25. Most of the European immigrants who came to Virginia and Maryland in the seventeenth century were -

A Cavaliers

B Indentured servants

C Slaves

D Entrepreneurs
26. Because there were few urban centers in the colonial south –

A Good roads between isolated plantations were built

B A professional class of lawyers and financiers was slow to develop

C The rural church became the focus of southern economic life

D There were very few people of wealth and culture in the region

27. English settlers greatly changed the character of the New England environment by –

A Growing wheat and oats rather than the corn grown by the American Indians

B Their extensive use of livestock

C Beating trails through the woods while they hunted

D Building an education system

28. Political and economic power in the southern colonies was dominated by -



A Professional class of lawyers and merchants

B small landowners

C wealthy planters

D English royal governors

29. What was NOT a characteristic of English settlements in the New World?

A Most settlers were Protestant

B Settlements were primarily located along the Atlantic coast

C Relations with the American Indians alternated between friendly and hostile

D Economically oriented toward trade with the American Indians

Topic 2 Questions

  1. Plantation-based agricultural economy

  2. Hot, humid coastal lowlands

  3. Demand for large labor supply

  4. Need for cheap labor


1. What do the items above have in common?
A Reasons to settle in the southern colonies
B Justification for the use of indentured servants
C Why large plantations were profitable
D Why slavery was introduced into the colonies

2. What is NOT an impact of early European exploration and colonization?

A Increase of American Indian populations

B Exchange of agricultural products

C Worldwide commercial expansion

D Redistribution of world’s population
3. Over time how did English colonization in the New World affect other parts of the world?
A Led to war between the colonies
B
Fueled expansion of American Indian customs
C
Isolated food items like corn and potatoes
D
Inspired democratic change in governments

4. Their exploration in the New World did not lead to large-scale immigration BEST explains -
A why English artisans were in high demand in the colonies
B
why French relations with native peoples were generally more cooperative
C
how the Great Awakening destroyed the native population in Canada
D
how the Spanish controlled vast stretches of land in the New World

5. The Indians lost their traditional territories and fell victim to diseases as a direct result of -
A Poor sanitation practices

B Inadequate food supplies
C
Ferocious warfare between the various tribes
D
Explorations and settlements of the English and the Spanish

6. The growth of an agricultural economy based on large landholdings in the Southern colonies and in the Caribbean –
A Created the need for indentured servants
B
Secured the elevated social status of subsistence farmers
C
Led to the introduction of slavery in the New World
D
Reinforced the need for a strong military force in the New World

7. The Caribbean, Central America, and South America were primarily colonized by the –
A Dutch

B English

C French
D
Spanish

8. Before the Age of European Discovery, many American Indian cultures were influenced by –

A Arrival of African slaves

B Domestication of the horse

C Ravages of smallpox

D Spread of corn cultivation

9. What statement BEST describes the distribution of slaves in the late colonial period in the English colonies?

A Confined to the southern colonies on large plantations

B Confined to the southern and middle colonies

C Slaves found in Florida and the West Indies

D Slaves in New England, Middle and Southern colonies; majority were in the southern colonies

(the ship) had taken in, on the coast of Africa, three hundred and thirty-six males, and two hundred and twenty-six females, making in all five hundred and sixty-two, and had been out seventeen days. The slaves were all enclosed under grated hatchways, between decks. The space was so low that they sat between each other's legs, and were stowed so close together that there was no possibility of their lying down, or at all changing their position, by night or day.



From Notices of Brazil (1820) quoted in Rufus W. Clark, The African Slave Trade Boston: American tract society, [c1860], pp. 27-30.
10. What does the primary source above describe?

A Arrival of indentured servants
B
Shipbuilding process
C
Middle Passage
D
Colonial transportation

11. What BEST describes the American Indians in the New World prior to the arrival of Europeans?

A Developed no advanced forms of civilization

B Divided into diverse cultures speaking more than 2000 different languages

C Organized into two large empires

D Relied primarily on nomadic herding of domesticated animals

12. The most important American Indian products that spread to the Old World were -

A Animals such as buffalo and horses

B Technologies such as the compass, the wheel and the astrolabe

C Economic systems such as plantation agriculture and subsistence farming

D Foodstuffs such as maize, tomatoes, beans

13. African slavery became the prevalent form of labor in the 1680s when –

A Planters were no longer able to rely on white indentured servants

B American Indians had died and were no longer available as a labor force

C Africans could be brought to the New World in safer and healthier condition

D The difference between servant and slave began to blur

14. The culture that developed among the slaves in the English colonies of North America was –

A Derived primarily from that of their owners

B Based mainly on the traditions of North Africa

C A combination of several African and American cultures

D Originally developed in the West Indies and spread northward

15. The most important economic activity of France in North America was

A Gold mining

B Fur trading

C Shipbuilding

D Farming

Topic 3 Questions

  • Social structure based on family status and the ownership of land

  • Large landowners in eastern lowlands dominated colonial government and society

  • Small subsistence farmers, hunters, and traders lived in the mountains and valleys further inland, however

  • Maintained allegiance to the Church of England and close social ties to Britain

1. What do the items above have in common?

A Life in the Spanish colonies

B Life in the French colonies

C Life in the southern colonies

D Life in the middle colonies
2. What does NOT describe the Great Awakening in the colonies?

A Religious movement that swept both Europe and the colonies
B
Led to the rapid growth of evangelical religions
C
Occurred during the mid 1700’s

D Supported the established religious and governmental orders
3. What group of colonies used the Athenian direct democracy model of government?
A New England Colonies
B
Middle Colonies
C
Southern Colonies
D
Spanish Colonies
4. The first Africans were brought against their will to Jamestown in 1619 to –

A work on tobacco plantations

B support the Church of England

C work on indigo plantations

D assist indentured servants

5. Coastal lowland plantations grew “cash crops” consisting of -

A Wheat and corn

B Sugar cane and sweet potatoes

C Tobacco, rice, and indigo

D Tomatoes, potatoes and pumpkins



6. The event leading to the growth of the Methodist and Baptist religions was the -

A Establishment of Spanish missions

B Great Awakening
C
Mayflower Compact
D
Building of Quaker meeting houses





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