In the late 1100’s, one noble family forced the emperor to appoint him the shogun.
Shoguns ruled Japan for 700 years. He was a military dictator.
2. Daimyo: A great landowner
They were the highest nobles next to the shogun. They controlled large estates (=pieces of land) and warriors.
They were brave soldiers who fought for the daimyo. When they did not fight, they practiced martial arts and sumo wrestling. They were also artists and poets.
They had a code of honor called bushido. If they lost their honor they had to commit hari-kari (=kill themselves).
During the Tokugawa Shogunate, Japan was peaceful (=quiet) and stable. Economy, agriculture and trade all improved. It was a time of cultural and intellectual accomplishments.