Today’s Date: Friday, January 31, 2014 Date Due: Tuesday, Feb. 11, 2014

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Trading Card Mini-Project: Gunpowder Empires, Enlightenment, Scientific Revolution
Today’s Date: Friday, January 31, 2014 Date Due: Tuesday, Feb. 11, 2014

  1. Research your assigned/chosen person from the list below.




Shah Jahan

Isaac Newton

Thomas Hobbes


Robert Boyle


Suleiman the Magnificent


John Locke

Mehmet I


Mary Wollstonecraft





Ivan IV

Martin Luther


Peter the Great

King Henry VIII




Leonardo de Vinci


Louis XIV (France)

Oliver Cromwell

Elizabeth I (England)

Philip II (Spain)

Catherine the Great

Adam Smith

Maria Theresa (Austria)

  1. Fill out research guide sheet – See attached

  2. Condense your research to fit on a trading card using the following guidelines:

  • On the FRONT have a picture of the person, their name and dates when they lived.

  • On the BACK write the accomplishments of the person and an explanation of why they are still considered important today.



Marco Polo is famous for his travels through Asia. He was one of the first Europeans to travel into Mongolia and China. On this journey, he became a favorite of Kublai Khan, the Mongol Emperor and was sent on missions throughout China allowing him to see the country. On his way home he went through Persia and wrote of this area. He became famous for his book that told the story of his travels along the Silk Road to China. Columbus would own a copy of Polo’s book. Some people believe that he did not make the journey himself, but only retold stories that were told to him.

Importance in History:
Marco Polo renewed interest in travel, trade, geography and especially East Asia in general. Others, like Columbus, would attempt to copy Polo’s travels in order to gain riches. He would help spark the Age of Exploration.

By: Samuel Student

Trading Card Mini-Project Due: Feb.11, 2014

Research Guide Sheet

Vital Statistics on: ___________________________________
Place of Origin: ____________________________________
What did this person invent, write or contribute?

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________

Why was it important? [In the context of the times – What difference did it make then?]

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________

Why is it important today? [The Historical “So What” question…] ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
Bibliography: [What sources did you use?-you need at least one besides your text]

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________

Trading Card Mini-Project Due

Sample Research Form

Vital Statistic on: ___________Marco Polo________________________
Place of Origin: _________Genoa, Italy___________________________
What did this person invent, write or contribute? Went to China, wrote about trip

Why was it important? [In the context of the times – What difference did it make then?]

“Kublai Khan liked the youthful Marco and conscripted him into service for the Empire. Marco served in several high-level government positions, including as ambassador and as the governor of the city of Yangzhou. While the Great Khan enjoyed having the Polos as his subjects and diplomats, Khan eventually consented to allow them to leave the Empire ______________________________________________________________________

“Marco Polo returned to Venice and Marco joined the army to fight against the city-state of Genoa. He was captured in 1298 and imprisoned in Genoa. While in prison for two years, he dictated an account of his travels to a fellow prisoner named Rustichello. Shortly thereafter, The Travels of Marco Polo was published in French ______________________________________________________________________

“Though Polo's book exaggerates places and cultures, his book was widely published, translated into many languages, and thousands of copies were printed ______________________________________________________________________

“Polo delves into the politics, agriculture, military power, economy, sexual practices, burial system, and religions of each area. Polo brought the ideas of paper currency and coal to Europe. He also included second-hand reports of areas that he had not visited, such as Japan and Madagascar ______________________________________________________________________

“As Polo neared death in 1324, he was asked to recant what he had written and simply said that he had not even told half of what he had witnessed. Despite the fact that many claim his book to be unreliable, it was a sort of regional geography of Asia for centuries. Even today, "his book must stand among the great records of geographic exploration."*

“* Martin, Geoffrey and Preston James. All Possible Worlds: A History of Geographical Ideas. Page 46. “

Why is it important today?
“The influence of Marco Polo on geographic exploration was enormous and he was also a major influence on Christopher Columbus. Columbus owned a copy of Travels and made annotations in the margins. “
Rosenberg, Matt. Marco Polo: Biography of Marco Polo. Geography. October 1, 2009.

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