8. Discuss the significance of the Racial and Gender Report Card that is distributed annually by Richard Lapchick.
a. It is an independent, definitive summary of the percentage of each racial group represented in sports at the college and professional levels. It includes statistics on players, coaches, administrators, and owners. Without such a baseline, it is impossible to determine trends or to develop policies and procedures that ensure equal opportunity regardless of race.
Title: Female African Americans in Sport
9. Discuss the double jeopardy that African American females face in the world of sports.
a. African American females are forced to combat barriers against being female and Black. Both groups have been historically underrepresented in sports at every level. In spite of fairly recent gains by both females and Blacks, African American girls make up only 5% of high school athletes, 10% of college athletes, and 2% of coaches. Lack of talent is not the problem, as has been shown by exceptional Black females; rather, their underrepresentation seems to be a cultural issue.
Title: Native American Mascots
10. Analyze how the use of Native American nicknames is a form of discrimination.
a. Using Native American nicknames encourages stereotyping of a population that has been displaced, discriminated against, and forced to live in near-poverty conditions. These symbols demean the history, culture, and current desperate state of Native Americans. The use of Native American nicknames and symbols in sports rubs salt in the wounds of a proud people who have endured insult and near extinction.