Title: Practice and Learning



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Title: Practice and Learning

1. The type of experience necessary to produce changes is called _______ and the relatively permanent changes are called ___________. An example would be shooting soccer penalty kicks for an hour each day, and then during game time, never missing a penalty shot.

a. training; conditioning

b. performance capacity; practice

*c. practice; learning

d. practice; conditioning


Title: Experience Effects

2. Practicing a skill is most likely to bring about which of the following?

a. conditioning

b. endurance

*c. learning

d. all of the above


Title: Heredity

3. Which of the following is true of abilities?

a. They are primarily determined by genetics.

b. They determine one's ultimate potential for performance.

c. They are not sufficient in themselves for achieving high levels of performance.

*d. All of the above.


Title: Tailored Physical Activity

4. The principle of quality refers to

*a. the importance of selecting the correct type of practice

b. the importance of selecting the correct amount of practice

c. the importance of wearing the correct type of clothing

d. the importance of being in condition to perform the activity


Title: Experience

5. A generalist is one who

a. has mastered a few physical activities to a high degree

b. has mastered many physical activities to a high degree

*c. has acquired low to moderate proficiency in a relatively large number of physical activities

d. lacks skill in any physical activity


Title: Health-Related Fitness

6. The components of health-related fitness include all of the following EXCEPT

*a. agility

b. muscular strength

c. body composition

d. flexibility


Title: Physical Activity

7. Humans differ from animals in that humans

a. can run faster and longer

b. can match their movements to internal plans

*c. can match their movements to much more complex internal plans

d. are inferior performers of physical activity


Title: Experience

8. Which of the following most accurately describes the activity patterns of Americans?

a. Approximately 25% of Americans do not engage in any leisure-time physical activity five or more times per week.

b. Only 15% of Americans report being engaged in at least 20 min of vigorous leisure-time physical activity at least three times each week.

c. Nearly 25% of Americans between the ages of 12 and 21 engage in no vigorous physical activity of any kind.

*d. All of the above.


Title: Physical Activity

9. Which of the following differentiate(s) humans from animals?

a. Humans have an ability to improve their capacity for performance through planned and systematic training.

b. Humans have a more flexible and adaptable capacity for moving.

c. Humans are able to use movements to express their imagination and moral reasoning.

*d. All of the above.


Title: Social Environment

10. The influence that parents’ activity level has on a child’s involvement in physical activity is an example of

*a. their social environment

b. individual circumstances

c. personal attributes

d. performance capacity


Title: Tailored Physical Activity

11. Which of the following would be considered a closed rather than an open skill?

a. shooting a three-pointer during a game

*b. hitting a baseball off a tee

c. playing defense in hockey

d. dancing with a partner


Title: Experience

12. Which of the following correctly describes an underachiever?

a. individual who has little ability but maximizes potential through practice and training

b. individual who has little ability but fails to practice or train

c. individual who has much ability and maximizes potential through practice and training

*d. individual who has much ability but fails to practice or train


Type: MT

Title: Open and Closed Skills Continuum

13. Identify which of the following are considered open and closed skills.

Identify which of the following are considered open and closed skills.


I. hitting a golf ball off a tee
II. kicking a kickball that has been pitched
III. hitting a racquetball that has been served to you
IV. shooting a free throw
a. I and III are open skills; II and IV are closed skills

*b. II and III are open skills; I and IV are closed skills

c. I and IV are open skills; II and III are closed skills

d. I, II, and III are open skills; IV is a closed skill


Title: Subjective Experience

14. Our individual reactions to the events and feelings associated with physical activity are part of our subjective experiences.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Physical Activity

15. The physical activity of humans is distinguished from that of animals by the fact that human movements are faster and stronger than those of most animals.

a. true


*b. false
Title: Heredity

16. Although humans have a unique facility for planning and implementing physical experiences to improve their performance of physical activity, most are not inclined to explore this potential to the fullest.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Individual Circumstances

17. Personal attributes that influence physical activity experiences include things such as how much money a person has and where that person lives.

a. true


*b. false
Title: Experiences

18. Participating in high school and college sports is likely to cause people to be physically active as adults.

a. true

*b. false


Title: Experience Effects

19. Activity experience is defined in the text as

*a. our actual physical performances or observations of physical activity

b. our reactions and feelings toward a particular physical activity

c. subjective experience

d. our actual physical performance and feelings and reactions to physical activity


Title: Experiences

20. Our physical activity preferences reflect something unique about us as individuals.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Tailored Physical Activity

21. Abilities represent our skill level for performing a physical activity as a result of learning that occurs with practice.

a. true


*b. false
Title: Tailored Physical Activity

22. Open skills are those that require performers to coordinate their movements to a changing environment during the execution of the task.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Aging

23. In general, what happens to the amount of physical activity conducted as one ages?

a. With age, physical activity amounts increase because of more available leisure time.

*b. With age, physical activity participation decreases.

c. There is no significant change in physical activity levels across ages once a person reaches adulthood.

d. None of the above accurately reflects the prevalence of physical activity across ages.
Title: Physical Activity Experience

24. Two broad areas influence one’s physical activity experiences. Which of the following is NOT an influence?

a. individual circumstances

*b. knowledge about the benefits of physical activity

c. personal attributes

d. social environment


Title: Learning

25. Engagement in motor skills and practice results in what?

a. enjoyment

*b. learning

c. training

d. self-confidence


Title: Physical Activity Effects

26. Physical training results in __________ that improves __________.

a. conditioning; skill level

*b. conditioning; health

c. genetic adaptation; abilities

d. fitness; quickness


Title: Open and Closed Skills

27. Choose the statement that best describes open skills.

a. They require the same movement on every performance.

b. The anticipation of external events is not necessary.

*c. The performance of the skill varies depending on the environmental factors.

d. It involves a coordinated sequence of movement.


Title: Learning

28. What do the terms emotions, cognition, dispositions, knowledge, and meanings reflect?

a. who we are physically

b. who we are emotionally

*c. our subjective physical activity experiences

d. depth of understanding and feelings about physical activity


Title: Training

29. Which of these could be a characteristic of training?

*a. It is intended to overcome limitations in strength, endurance, or flexibility.

b. It leads to permanent change.

c. It requires deliberate effort and intention to modify performance.

d. It involves various movements as well as quality of movements rather than quantity.


Title: Quantity of Physical Activity

30. The principle of quantity stipulates that, all other things being equal, increasing the frequency of our engagement with the critical components of an activity

*a. leads to increases in our capacity to perform that activity

b. leads to decreases in our capacity to perform that activity

c. leads to no change in our capacity to perform that activity

d. none of the above


Title: Physical Performances

31. What is the key to improving our physical activity performances?

*a. accumulating physical activity experiences

b. a unique capacity for performing physical activity that only certain people possess

c. the capacity to link physical activity to complex plans and deep moral and aesthetic sentiments

d. a highly developed ability to plan and implement activity experiences


Title: Practice

32. Which of the following is NOT true about practicing?

a. Practice leads to relatively permanent changes.

*b. Practice usually is aimed at inducing health benefits.

c. Practice is a cognitive process that leads to a reorganization of the nervous system.

d. Practice increases our capacity for organizing movement patterns in complex ways to accomplish specific goals.


Title: Practice vs. Training

33. Which of the following is a characteristic of training?

a. relatively permanent changes

b. reorganization of the nervous system

*c. results most often in fitness improvements

d. improves abilities


Title: Human Dexterity Factor

34. Human dexterity is allowed by the movement of the

a. sliding wrist

*b. opposable thumb

c. hinge joints in fingers

d. the bipedal gait


Title: Physical Activity Quality

35. What is the type of performance experience engaged in for the express purpose of refining motor control function to improve skills?

*a. practice

b. conditioning

c. training

d. learning


Title: Experiences

36. Which type of person would be most likely hired as a coach at the high school level?

*a. generalist

b. psychologist

c. specialist

d. sociologist


Title: Training

37. Which of the following best exemplifies the concept of training?

*a. increases ability to produce greater quantities of physical activity

b. increases capacity for organizing movement patterns in complex ways to accomplish specific goals

c. cognitive process that leads to a reorganization of the nervous system

d. leads to relatively permanent changes


Title: Tailoring Experience

38. Experiences that engage us in the critical components of an activity and that are most likely to improve our capacity to perform that activity reflect what type of experience?

a. task analysis of the skill performed

b. critical component

c. principle of quantity

*d. principle of quality


Title: Types of Exercise

39. Which is an example of training?

a. strategically preparing for a soccer game

b. preparing for a 4- by 100-meter race

*c. preparing for a marathon

d. working on a tennis serve


Title: Performance

40. The type of performance experience engaged in for the express purpose of refining motor control function to improve skill is known as

a. learning

b. skill


*c. practice

d. training
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