1. One of the goals of sociology of physical activity is to look at physical activity with a penetrating gaze that goes beyond our common understanding of social life. The text says that this requires
*a. a dash of skepticism about common assumptions
b. acquaintances from other cultures
c. good historical knowledge about our own culture
d. an ability to see common threads that run through everyone's lives
2. The North American Society for the Sociology of Sport, the major scholarly society in the subdiscipline in North America, was founded
*a. after Europeans founded a scholarly association in sport sociology
b. before Europeans founded a scholarly association in sport sociology
c. primarily to bring Mexican sport sociologists into contact with scholars in the United States and Canada
d. with the organizing help of professional athletes who were critical of sport
3. If you ask for responses to a questionnaire that you mail to athletes on 10 varsity teams, you are probably engaged in which type of research?
*a. survey research
d. societal analysis
4. Although girls and women are participating in sport and other physical activities in greater numbers now than in earlier decades, females still tend to take part in sports that involve less
a. need for day-to-day coaching
b. competition among athletes for playing positions
*c. body contact among players
d. need for support among teammates
5. According to the text, ideals in our society concerning women's body size and appearance have led some women to an extreme response that involves
a. wearing clothes that disguise body size
b. walking more each day
c. taking an aerobics class
*d. becoming anorexic
6. In the mid-1990s African American athletes were being portrayed on TV as having
a. less camera appeal than whites
b. more camera appeal than whites
c. stronger mental skills than whites
*d. stronger physical skills than whites
7. Which of the following is NOT a component of socioeconomic status?
c. occupational prestige
d. educational level
8. A sociologist in kinesiology would know that in women's college basketball there are now many more men coaches than women coaches.
Title: Ethnicity and Race
9. Race and ethnicity are similar concepts that are basically interchangeable.
10. The high percentages of African American male professional athletes in our most popular team sports probably relate most to American social structure.
Title: College Athletics
11. Both the amateur and professional models of intercollegiate athletics often lead to exploitation of student-athletes.
12. To what does hegemony refer?
*a. influence and power
b. historical research
c. body composition
d. statistical methods
13. Which of the following is a major influence on female participation in collegiate athletics?
a. more female coaches
b. more college teams available
c. high school teams more available now than in the past
*d. Title IX legislation
14. Research in ethnic and racial relations has looked at which of the following?
*d. all of the above
15. Does participation in physical activity vary by race?
a. Yes, and there is equal participation across all types of physical activities.
*b. Yes, and there is also great variation across types of physical activity.
c. No, it does not vary greatly.
d. It depends on the sport or physical activity that you are considering.
16. Physical activity sociologists
*a. conduct research in natural settings
b. teach high school
c. study movement
d. study mental state
17. What type of research uses qualitative and quantitative methods?
a. dual methods
b. survey research
c. societal analysis
*d. mixed method
18. Which of these methods do researchers use to spend many months or even years observing in a particular social setting?
a. historical analysis
b. societal analysis
19. The ability to do what you want without being stopped by others best defines which of the following terms?
d. social power
20. Which of the following does NOT pertain to power?
Title: Physical Activity Sociology
21. Which of the following is one of the three main goals of the sociology of physical activity?
a. to critique physical activity programs in order to enhance social life
*b. to identify and analyze patterns of change and stability in physical activity
c. to compare physical activity with the stability of social well-being
d. to critique physical activity programs in order to identify problems and recommend changes leading to the enhancement of individual well-being
Title: Physical Activity Sociology
22. What are ways in which sociologists retain information about physical activity?
a. observing and giving insight
c. thematic analysis
23. What is thematic analysis?
*a. an approach that examines material such as magazines and newspapers and then categorizes the content in various ways
b. a research approach that involves collecting numerical data
c. societal conceptions of the human body, including body image, body ideals, and body practices
d. the ability to do what you want without being stopped by others
24. Sociology of physical activity focuses on
*a. shared beliefs and social practices that constitute specific forms of physical activity
b. your individual beliefs about your stability in physical activity
c. shared beliefs of society and how society compares race and gender to forms of physical activity
d. parental views of specific forms of physical activity
Title: Research Methods
25. If someone came up to you and asked you to analyze a picture of an Olympic athlete and provide feedback, what type of research method would this person be using?
*a. thematic analysis
26. Sociologists of physical activity conduct studies of which of the following?
*a. ongoing social life as it ordinarily occurs
b. money, prestige, body size, strength, and information related to sport activity
c. sports traditionally considered appropriate for boys and girls
d. appropriate physical activity for various body styles
27. What is NOT a goal of sociology of physical activity?
a. to look at physical activity beyond the common understanding of social life
b. to identify and analyze patterns of change in physical activity
*c. to analyze athletes and their physical activity
d. to critique physical activity programs in order to identify problems and recommend changes
28. The term gender refers to
a. an individual’s sex
b. a genetic category
c. an individual’s heterosexuality
*d. a set of norms and expectations about how we should behave based on society’s understanding of sexuality
29. Individuals’ opposition to the use of American Indians as mascots is based on the belief that this practice actually distorts and trivializes the culture rather than honors it.