Title: Exercise Prescription



Download 79.12 Kb.
Date16.04.2016
Size79.12 Kb.
Title: Exercise Prescription

1. The first acknowledgment from the modern medical profession came in July 1992, when the proclaimed physical inactivity a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, placing it alongside smoking, abnormal blood lipids, and hypertension.

*a. American Heart Association

b. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

c. American College of Sports Medicine

d. National Institutes of Health


Title: Exercise Prescription

2. The seeds for the fitness revolution in the United States were planted in the late 1960s with the publication of the book Aerobics, written by

a. the U.S. Surgeon General

*b. Kenneth Cooper

c. Dr. Per-Olof Åstrand

d. None of these is correct.


Title: Exercise Prescription

3. The 1996 U.S. Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity and Health resulted in what conclusions?

a. People of all ages can benefit from regular physical activity.

b. Approximately 60% of all Americans are now physically active on a regular basis.

c. Nearly half of American youths are not engaged in regular physical activity.

*d. a and c only

e. a, b, and c
Title: Exercise Prescription

4. The U.S. Surgeon General’s report Physical Activity and Health states that

a. significant health benefits can be obtained from moderate physical activity

b. physical activity that is of a more vigorous nature and longer duration provide greater health benefits than moderate activity alone

c. physical activity improves mental health

*d. All of these are correct.


Title: Exercise Prescription

5. The 1995 CDCP/ACSM report concluded that significant health benefits of exercise are obtained through

a. high-volume and high-intensity exercise on alternate days

b. high-volume and high-intensity exercise on most days of the week

*c. moderate physical activity on most days of the week

d. moderate physical activity on alternate days


Title: Exercise Prescription

6. Information gained through the medical clearance may include

a. identification of high-risk individuals

b. development of the exercise prescription

c. provision of baseline data for future comparison

*d. All of these are correct.


Title: Exercise Prescription

7. Sara is a smoker with blood pressure of 150/98 mmHg. She leads a sedentary lifestyle, has HDL of 66 mg/dl, and a BMI of 26. Her father died of a heart attack at age 44. Sara has risk factors for coronary heart disease.

*a. 3

b. 4


c. 6

d. 5
Title: Exercise Prescription

8. A person with 5 risk factors and no signs or symptoms of heart disease is classified as

a. low risk

*b. moderate risk

c. high risk

d. Risk cannot be determined with the information provided.
Title: Exercise Prescription

9. The Valsalva maneuver is a significant consequence for those individuals with suspected CHD who are involved in any isometric exercise or heavy lifting. The reason for this is

*a. veins that run through the thoracic cavity are compressed; therefore venous return to the heart is reduced

b. venous blood is under high pressure

c. decreased blood pressure

d. isometric exercise leads to decreased resistance to blood flow in active muscle and therefore decreased workload on the heart


Title: Exercise Prescription

10. A graded exercise test (GXT) is one in which

a. the speed and/or grade of the treadmill is changed every 3 minutes

b. the exercise is evaluated or graded by the test administrator to determine the ease of performance by the subject

c. the results may be used to evaluate cardiorespiratory endurance capacity

*d. a and c only

e. All of these are correct.
Title: Exercise Prescription

11. Systolic blood pressure response during a graded exercise test

a. undergoes little to no change with increasing workloads

*b. has a linear increase with increasing workloads, followed by a plateau

c. undergoes little to no change with increasing workloads, followed by a decline

d. None of these is correct.


Title: Exercise Prescription

12. People who have normal, or negative, exercise tests yet have coronary artery disease are said to have

a. false-positive test results

b. ST segment depression

*c. false-negative test results

d. myocardial ischemia


Title: Exercise Prescription

13. An exercise test’s ability to correctly identify people who have the disease in question is termed

a. specificity

*b. sensitivity

c. the predictive value of an abnormal exercise test

d. a positive test


Title: Exercise Prescription

14. An exercise test’s ability to correctly identify people who do not have the disease in question is termed

*a. specificity

b. sensitivity

c. the predictive value of an abnormal exercise test

d. a positive test


Title: Exercise Prescription

15. The accuracy with which abnormal test results reflect presence of the disease is

a. specificity

b. sensitivity

*c. the predictive value of an abnormal exercise test

d. a positive test


Title: Exercise Prescription

16. When an individual undergoes an exercise ECG test, a positive test means

a. that the test result is considered accurate

*b. that ECG changes suggestive of coronary artery disease occurred

c. that no indication of disease was detected

d. None of these is correct.


Title: Exercise Prescription

17. Recent ACSM guidelines state that moderate exercise undertaken gradually, without competition, and in people without symptoms of CHD

a. requires a medical exam and exercise test before engaging in exercise

*b. may not require a medical exam and exercise test before engaging in exercise

c. requires a medical exam but no exercise test

d. requires a maximal exercise test before engaging in exercise


Title: Exercise Prescription

18. A complete medical examination by a physician should be performed in which of the following groups before initiating a vigorous exercise program?

a. all children and adults

b. anyone considered at high risk

c. men over 45 years of age and women over 55 years of age

*d. b and c


Title: Exercise Prescription

19. When prescribing exercise, the optimal intensity of exercise for aerobic fitness benefits would be set at

a. 55 or 60 to 90% of one's maximal oxygen uptake

*b. 40 or 50 to 85% of one's maximal oxygen uptake

c. 85 to 95% of one's maximal oxygen uptake

d. 100% of one's maximal oxygen uptake


Title: Exercise Prescription

20. The optimal duration of exercise for cardiovascular conditioning is

a. 5 to 10 minutes per day

*b. 20 to 30 minutes per day

c. 40 to 60 minutes per day

d. 60 to 90 minutes per day


Title: Exercise Prescription

21. The optimal frequency of exercise for health benefits is

a. 1 or 2 days per week

b. 5 or 6 days per week

*c. 3 to 5 days per week

d. daily
Title: Exercise Prescription

22. Evidence now suggests that a modest training effect can be accomplished in most people by training at intensities of

a. <40% V\od\O2max

*b. 50 to 60% V\od\O2max

c. 75 to 85% V\od\O2max

d. 60 to 70% V\od\O2max
Title: Exercise Prescription

23. The preferred method for monitoring exercise intensity is

*a. training heart rate

b. ratings of perceived exertion

c. MET level

d. ratings of perceived exertion with the MET level


Title: Exercise Prescription

24. To determine a training heart rate zone for someone using the Karvonen method, one needs to know

a. the person's maximal heart rate

b. the person's resting heart rate

c. the person's age

d. the person’s sex

*e. b and c
Title: Exercise Prescription

25. The concept of training heart rate (THR) is based on the relationship between .

*a. linear; heart rate and oxygen consumption

b. linear; blood pressure and oxygen consumption

c. curvilinear; heart rate and oxygen consumption

d. curvilinear; blood pressure and oxygen consumption

e. linear; resting heart rate and maximal heart rate
Title: Exercise Prescription

26. The exercise intensity necessary to achieve 60% V\od\O2max results in

*a. a much higher heart rate than the heart rate corresponding with 60% heart rate max

b. a much lower heart rate than the heart rate corresponding with 60% heart rate max

c. the same heart rate as that corresponding to 60% heart rate max

d. None of these is correct.


Title: Exercise Prescription

27. Calculate a threshold heart rate using the heart rate reserve (Karvonen method) for a 28-year-old female with a resting heart rate of 62. She desires a high-intensity workout.

a. 173

*b. 157

c. 197

d. 160
Title: Exercise Prescription

28. Calculate a maximal heart rate, using the new formula, for the female in the previous question.

a. 192


b. 177

*c. 188


d. None of these is correct.
Title: Exercise Prescription

29. For those just starting a training program, it is important not to exceed

*a. lactate threshold

b. ventilatory threshold

c. oxygen consumption threshold

d. None of these is correct.


Title: Exercise Prescription

30. Exercise intensity can be prescribed using

a. percent heart rate max

b. percent V\od\O2max

c. percent heart rate reserve

d. percent V\od\O2max reserve

*e. All of these are correct.
Title: Exercise Prescription

31. If a person consumes 2 liters/min of oxygen and weighs 70 kg, that person is working at METs.

*a. 8.16

b. 10.2


c. 1

d. 28.57


e. None of these is correct.
Title: Exercise Prescription

32. A person weighs 70 kg and is working at 7 METs. How much oxygen is this person consuming in ml · kg–1 · min–1?

a. 7 ml · kg–1 · min–1

*b. 24.5 ml · kg–1 · min–1

c. 49 ml · kg–1 · min–1

d. 8.16 ml/kg/min

e. 28.7 ml · kg–1 · min–1
Title: Exercise Prescription

33. For a person exercising at an 8 MET level, his or her oxygen consumption rate is approximately

a. 16 ml · kg–1 · min–1

b. 25 ml · kg–1 · min–1

*c. 28 ml · kg–1 · min–1

d. 32 ml · kg–1 · min–1


Title: Exercise Prescription

34. It is recommended that exercise intensity be between using the Borg scale.

a. 17 and 18

b. 10 and 15

*c. 12 and 16

d. 8 and 12


Title: Exercise Prescription

35. Stopping abruptly without a cool-down period after an endurance exercise bout could cause

a. less muscle soreness

b. increased lactate threshold

*c. increased catecholamine levels, which could lead to a fatal heart arrhythmia

d. decreased catecholamine levels and decreased blood pooling in the legs


Title: Exercise Prescription

36. When you begin a resistance training program, you should start with a weight that is exactly

a. one-third of your maximal strength, or 1RM

*b. half of your maximal strength, or 1RM

c. three-quarters of your maximal strength, or 1RM

d. It does not matter where you start.


Title: Exercise Prescription

37. Exercise has been shown to

a. alleviate some side effects of drugs

b. improve general health

c. improve the prognosis for patients

*d. All of these are correct.


Title: Exercise Prescription

38. Sport and recreational activities are appropriate for developing fitness in unfit individuals.

a. true

*b. false


Title: Exercise Prescription

39. Each individual’s threshold for frequency, duration, and intensity must be exceeded to achieve gains in aerobic capacity, and this threshold is likely to increase as aerobic capacity improves.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Exercise Prescription

40. The specificity of an exercise test refers to the test's ability to correctly identify diseased individuals.

a. true


*b. false
Title: Exercise Prescription

41. To achieve a significant aerobic conditioning effect, most people need to exercise at an intensity level of 75% to 85% of V\od\O2max

a. true

*b. false


Title: Exercise Prescription

42. Flexibility training should be performed slowly to prevent injury.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Exercise Prescription

43. The sensitivity and predictive value of an abnormal exercise test are generally low in young and healthy people; this causes experts to question the value of an exercise electrocardiogram in that population.

*a. true


b. false
Title: Exercise Prescription

44. For previously untrained individuals, resistance training workouts including one set of each exercise appear to be as effective as multiple sets in increasing strength.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Exercise Prescription

45. Research has consistently shown that resistance training causes reductions in resting blood pressure and favorable changes in blood lipid profiles.

a. true


*b. false
Type: F

Title: Exercise Prescription

46. The most important factor of the exercise bout for increasing maximal oxygen uptake is ______________.

a. intensity


Type: F

Title: Exercise Prescription

47. Activities involving isometric actions are contraindicated in individuals with _____________________.

a. hypertension


Type: F

Title: Exercise Prescription

48. A group called _________________________________________________ has been very effective in generating governmental support for research into diseases and disorders associated with a sedentary lifestyle.

a. Researchers Against Inactivity-Related Disorders


Type: F

Title: Exercise Prescription

49. Between 1991 and 1995, the percentage of U.S. high school students enrolled in daily physical education classes decreased from ___ to ___.

a. 42%; 25%


Type: F

Title: Exercise Prescription

50. When using Borg's RPE scale for prescribing training intensity, it is generally recommended that people exercise at an RPE of between ________________ and _______________.

a. 12 to 13; 15 to 16


Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

51. Define and differentiate between sensitivity, specificity, and the predictive value of an exercise electrocardiogram.
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

52. Describe the Karvonen method for obtaining a training heart rate.
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

53. Discuss the importance of warm-up, cool-down, and stretching activities.
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

54. Discuss the importance of including resistance training in an exercise program for overall health.
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

55. How active are adult Americans today? Are we in a fitness revolution?
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

56. What were the general conclusions of the Surgeon General’s Report on Physical Activity and Health?
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

57. What role does the graded exercise test to exhaustion play in the medical clearance? Is this test essential for all adults?
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

58. Discuss the concepts of sensitivity and specificity of exercise testing and the predictive value of an abnormal test. Of what value is this information in the establishment of policy mandating who should be exercise tested?
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

59. How can we get our population to be more active? What levels of exercise do we need to promote to help people gain the health-related benefits associated with exercise?
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

60. What four factors must be considered in the exercise prescription? Which of these is the most important?
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

61. Discuss the concept of a minimal threshold for initiating physiological changes with exercise training as it relates to the exercise prescription.
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

62. Discuss the various ways of monitoring exercise intensity, and give the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription

63. Describe the components of a good exercise program and their importance in the total program.
Type: E

Title: Exercise Prescription



64. How do you motivate individuals to maintain regular exercise habits?
Directory: acucustom -> sitename -> Documents -> DocumentItem
DocumentItem -> Title: Race Versus Ethnicity Which of the following statements is false?
DocumentItem -> 1. Research findings indicate that exercise is associated with
DocumentItem -> 1. The country that has had the most enduring influence on worldwide sports and games is
DocumentItem -> *a teaching, research, and consulting b teaching, administration, and consulting
DocumentItem -> Title: History of the Olympic Games Which of the following statements is
DocumentItem -> Title: Physical Activity Sociology
DocumentItem -> This chapter provides a brief history of leisure and recreation, starting with the ancient Greeks and continuing into the 21st century
DocumentItem -> Title: Sport Industry Environment
DocumentItem -> Title: Leading Causes of Death The leading cause of death in the United States is


Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page