Why in the context of 18th century monarchical and absolutist form of government were the revolutionary idea of equality and liberty viewed as radical?
Prior to this the king held absolute power and people did not have a say in making the laws the call for liberty and equality was a call for self-determination that is the right of the people to make the laws. These ideas challenged the king’s absolute power.
Explain what did the idea of equality meant for all classes of people?
No special privileges
In regards to the ideas of liberty and equality list two established distinctions accepted by the elite liberals?
Equality between men and women not practical especially politically
Did not believe in economic equality but believed everyone should have an equal chance by law to gain wealth
Explain what 18th century French liberals mainly criticized?
Criticized laws and privileges that caused economic inequality
The Roots of Liberalism (p-692)
8. Explain where the roots of the idea of Liberalism took shape? (Use bullet points /3 key points)
-Roots in Western \History-Ancient Greeks and Judaeo-Christian’s
In regards to the American Revolution, explain what the following quotation means, “Radicalism of liberal revolution in America was primarily legal and political not economic or social”?
The above quotation means that the liberal revolution that occurred within America, i.e. the revolution for liberty and equality, was fought mainly for legal and political reasons not for economic or social reasons.
I agree with the above quotation that is that the colonists fight for freedom and equality was more for legal and political reasons rather than economic reasons. The fight began as an economic fight in that the American colonist were angry that the king was taxing them, but they were angry not so much because of the taxes but because they had no legal or political say in the passing of the taxation law. The colonist was angry because they did not have any colonial representatives representing their position on the issue of taxes in British Parliament. They were informed that they had virtual representation in that because they were subjects of the king the members of the British Parliament did represent them. The colonist disagreed and thus the revolution was mainly for political and legal reasons.