Tips for Oral Citations We generally expect presentations to include oral citations of sources. This expectation is reflected in the “material” trait in the rubric. (If you require a written outline, citations should be included in the outline. Also consider requiring a list of references.) Oral citations demonstrate the presenter has conducted research. It also allows the audience to evaluate the credibility and timeliness of the information; since the rest of your student’s audience will not have the outline/bibliography, it is especially important for them to hear the citations orally.
Just like you want to let your students know if you prefer APA or MLA style, you also want to communicate your preferences for oral citation of sources. Often we prefer a full oral citation that would include the author(s) (assuming that is available), the publication, the specific publication date and year, and any other pertinent information. (For example, if the student cites information obtained from a televised interview, he or she would include the television program, the network, and the date on which the interview aired.) Some instructors are satisfied with a less complete citation (e.g., maybe just the author and the date). And, you might teach students that how they cite their information should highlight the most important aspects of that citation (e.g., we may not know who “Dr. Smith” is, but if Dr. Smith is identified as a lead researcher of race relations at New York University, the citation will take on more credibility).