Timeline of the Reconstruction Era (1865 – 77) and the beginning of legalized segregation 1865 The Civil War ends. Lincoln is assassinated. The 13thAmendment is ratified, prohibiting slavery.
1866 The “Black Codes” are passed by all white legislators of the former Confederate States.
The Ku Klux Klan is formed in Tennessee.
1868 The 14th Amendment is ratified, defining citizenship. Overturns the Dred Scot decision.
1870 The 15th Amendment is ratified giving African Americans the right to vote.
1877 A deal is made with southern democratic leaders which made Rutherford B. Hayes president in exchange for the withdrawal of federal troops from the South, and put an end to federal efforts to protect the civil rights of African Americans.
1879 Thousands of African Americans migrate from the South to the West to escape oppression.
1881 Tennessee passes the first of the “Jim Crow” segregation laws, segregating state railroads. Similar laws are passed over the next 15 years throughout the Southern states.
1896Plessy v. Ferguson case. The U.S. Supreme Court rules that “separate but equal” public facilities for whites and African Americans are legal.