EQUIRRIA: FESTIVAL FOR MARS [ROMAN EMPIRE] Printer Friendly Version (WordPad RTF)
1557, in LONDON, RUSSIA opened its first embassy.
1560, ENGLAND and SCOTLAND signed the "TREATY OF BERWICK", extricating the FRENCH from the latter.
1594, HENRY IV (HENRI IV), the first BOURBON monarch, ascended the FRENCH throne.
1617, SWEDEN and RUSSIA concluded the "TREATY OF STOLBOVO" which ended the latter's access to the BALTIC SEA.
1678, the first EARL OF SHAFTESBURY, SIR ANTHONY ASHLEY COOPER, an opponent of KING CHARLES II, was released from imprisonment in the TOWER OF LONDON.
1700, WILLIAM DAMPIER became the first-known EUROPEAN to discover the island of NEW BRITAIN (NOVA BRITANNIA).
1801, CONGRESS claimed jurisdiction over the DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
1803, fire destroyed large portions of BOMBAY, INDIA.
1813, CONGRESS authorized the transport of mail on steamboats.
1827, NEW ORLEANS held its first official MARDI GRAS celebration.
1844, the DOMINICAN REPUBLIC gained its independence from HAITI.
1861, in what became known as the "WARSAW MASSACRE", RUSSIAN troops fired into a crowd of demonstrators in the POLISH capital.
1864, the six-day "BATTLE OF DALTON" in GEORGIA ended in a victory for the CONFEDERACY. The same day, the CONFEDERACY opened a prisoner-of-war camp near ANDERSONVILLE, GEORGIA.
1872, CHARLOTTE RAY, the first black-woman lawyer, graduated from HARVARD.
1874, at LORD'S CRICKET GROUNDS, the BRITISH first tried their hand at baseball. 1879, at JOHN HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, CONSTANTINE FAHLBERG accidentally discovered the artificial- sweetener saccharin.
1890, a 100-round boxing match, pitting DANNY NEEDHAM against PATSY KERRIGAN, ended in a draw, after six hours, 39 minutes.
1900, FELIX HOFFMAN, a GERMAN chemist, received his patent for aspirin. (acetylsalicylic acid). The same day, BOER GENERAL CRONJ surrendered his army to the ENGLISH at PARDENBERG, SOUTH AFRICA, opening the way to the capital of the ORANGE FREE STATE; and in ENGLAND, the LABOUR PARTY was established.
1901, the NATIONAL LEAGUE rules committee determined that all foul balls would be strikes, except after two strikes in the batter's count.
1908, major-league baseball first adopted a "sacrifice-fly rule". It was rescinded in 1931; reinstated in 1954.
1921, THERESA WELD BLANCHARD won the U-S WOMEN'S FIGURE SKATING CHAMPIONSHIP. SHERWIN BADGER won the men's title.
1922, the U-S SUPREME COURT upheld unanimously a woman's right to vote as stated in the "19TH AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION". The same day, GEORGE BERNARD SHAW'S play, "BACK TO METHUSELAH", starring WALTER ABEL, opened at the GARRICK THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 25 performances. Also in 1922, SECRETARY OF COMMERCE HERBERT HOOVER convened the first NATIONAL RADIO CONFERENCE.
1933, the REICHSTAG, GERMANY'S parliament building, burned to the ground. HITLER'S NAZI regime blamed the COMMUNISTS, because a member of the latter party, MARINUS VAN DER LUBBE, was found at the scene. Declared guilty, he was executed. The same day, JEAN GENET'S "INTERMEZZO" debuted in PARIS.
1936, SOVIET-physiologist IVAN PAVLOV died at 86. 1937, GAUMONT-BRITISH PICTURES released to AMERICAN theatres ALFRED HITCHCOCK'S film, "SABOTAGE", starring SYLVIA SIDNEY, OSKAR HOMOLKA, and DESMOND TESTER.
1938, GREAT BRITAIN and FRANCE recognized the FRANCO regime in SPAIN.
1939, the SUPREME COURT declared sit-down strikes illegal. The same day, the FRENCH government recognized the FRANCO regime in SPAIN.
1940, chemists MARTIN KAMEN and SAM RUBEN isolated CARBON-14
1942, a naval confrontation between the UNITED STATES and JAPAN, the "BATTLE OF THE JAVA SEA", began in the PACIFIC. It ended on MARCH FIRST. The AMERICAN force, unable to stop the JAPANESE advance in the PACIFIC, lost three ships in this early WORLD WAR TWO surface fight. One JAPANESE ship was moderately damaged.
1946, "ROAD TO UTOPIA", the fourth BING CROSBY ("BLUE SKIES"), BOB HOPE, and DOROTHY LAMOUR road film, premiered in NEW YORK CITY. PARAMOUNT released it to theatres on MARCH 22ND.
1947, a surgical procedure was first viewed on AMERICAN closed-circuit television.
1948, the COMMUNISTS took control of CZECHOSLOVAKIA'S government.
1950, GENERAL CHIANG KAI-SHEK was elected president of NATIONALIST CHINA (TAIWAN).
1956, SPECIALTY RECORDS released LITTLE RICHARD'S two-sided hit "LONG TALL SALLY" and "SLIPPIN' AND SLIDIN'"; and EGYPT introduced female suffrage.
1957, "THE XAVIER CUGAT SHOW", featuring bandleader CUGAT ("TICO TICO") and singer ABBE LANE ("UP A LAZY RIVER"), premiered on NBC TELEVISION.
1958, film- mogul HARRY COHN, CEO of COLUMBIA PICTURES, died of a heart attack.
1959, the BOSTON CELTICS scored 173 points against the MINNEAPOLIS LAKERS. The CELTICS' BOB COUSY picked up 28 assists -- an NBA record.
1960, the UNITED STATES hockey team, on its way to a gold medal, defeated the SOVIET UNION, 3-2, at the SQUAW VALLEY WINTER OLYMPICS. The same day, the MOTOWN-group SMOKEY ROBINSON AND THE MIRACLES ("SHOP AROUND") performed on "AMERICAN BANDSTAND" -- the group's first television appearance.
1961, CHUBBY CHECKER'S "PONY TIME" reached the top spot on the pop-singles charts.
1963, MICKEY MANTLE signed a $100,000 contract with the NEW YORK YANKEES. 1964, the BUDD SCHULBERG play, "WHAT MAKES SAMMY RUN?", starring ROBERT ALDA, opened at the 54TH STREET THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 540 performances.
1965, the musical "HIGH SPIRITS", an adaptation of a NOEL COWARD play, closed at the ALVIN THEATRE in NEW YORK after a run of 375 performances.
1966, PEGGY FLEMING won the WORLD WOMEN'S FIGURE SKATING CHAMPIONSHIP. EMMERICH DANZER won the men's title.
1967, PINK FLOYD released its first single, "ARNOLD LAYNE", on HARVEST RECORDS.
1969, PRESIDENT RICHARD NIXON visited WEST BERLIN.
1970, OKLAHOMA CITY fined JEFFERSON AIRPLANE ("SOMEBODY TO LOVE") for using profanity during a concert.
1972, at the conclusion of PRESIDENT RICHARD NIXON'S historic visit to CHINA, he and CHINESE PREMIER CHOU EN-LAI issued "THE SHANGHAI COMMUNIQUE".
1973, the AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT began occupation of WOUNDED KNEE, SOUTH DAKOTA, the site of the 1890 massacre of SIOUX men, women and children. The occupation lasted until MAY.
1974, priced at 35¢, "PEOPLE" magazine, the MARCH 4TH edition from TIME-LIFE, first appeared on newsstands. Actress MIA FARROW adorned the cover. The same day, JONI MITCHELL'S album, "COURT AND SPARK", turned gold. It contained two of her biggest hits, "HELP ME" and "FREE MAN IN PARIS".
1976, RICHARD NIXON and MAO TSE-TUNG met for the last time. NIXON was no longer president.
1979, in a stunning upset, JANE BYRNE defeated MAYOR MICHAEL BILANDIC in CHICAGO'S DEMOCRATIC mayoral primary.
1980, the DOOBIE BROTHERS' hit, "WHAT A FOOL BELIEVES", won "RECORD OF THE YEAR" and "SONG OF THE YEAR" at the "22ND GRAMMY AWARDS". The program featured a NEIL DIAMOND-BARBRA STREISAND duet of "YOU DON'T BRING ME FLOWERS". The same day for the first time, ISRAEL and EGYPT exchanged ambassadors.
1982, WAYNE WILLIAMS was convicted for the murder of two young blacks -- two of 28 similar killings in ATLANTA. The same day, EARL ANTHONY became the first professional bowler to win more than $1-million; and PAUL MCCARTNEY and STEVIE WONDER recorded "EBONY AND IVORY".
1985, farmers marched into WASHINGTON, DC, demanding financial aid. The same day, statesman HENRY CABOT LODGE died at 82.
1987, MICHAEL JORDAN set a CHICAGO BULLS' single-game scoring record at 58 points in a 128-113 victory over the NEW JERSEY NETS. The same day, "WASHINGTON WEEK IN REVIEW", the PBS panel show for news correspondents, celebrated its 20th anniversary; and WHITE HOUSE CHIEF-OF-STAFF DONALD REGAN resigned. 1988, KATARINA WITT of EAST GERMANY won her second-consecutive OLYMPIC WOMEN'S FIGURE SKATING gold medal. The same day, AMERICA'S BONNIE BLAIR won OLYMPIC gold in the WOMEN'S 500-METER SPEED SKATING event.
1990, the EXXON CORPORATION was indicted on five- criminal counts for the "VALDEZ" oil spill in ALASKA.
1991, PRESIDENT GEORGE BUSH announced, ending ALLIED troop advances in the GULF WAR, "KUWAIT is liberated; IRAQ'S army is defeated." The same day, singer JAMES BROWN ("COLD SWEAT"), serving time for attempting to elude police in a high-speed chase, was granted parole in SOUTH CAROLINA.
1992, ELIZABETH TAYLOR celebrated her 60th birthday with a huge star-studded party at DISNEYLAND.
1993, actress LILLIAN GISH died at 99 in NEW YORK.
1994, the 17TH WINTER OLYMPIC GAMES ended in LILLEHAMMER, NORWAY.
1996, in the NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUE, the LOS ANGELES KINGS traded hockey-legend WAYNE GRETZKY to the ST. LOUIS BLUES.
1997, divorce became legal in IRELAND. The same day, DON CORNELIUS, host of TV's "SOUL TRAIN", received a star on HOLLYWOOD'S WALK OF FAME. Also in 1997, singer SADE (HELEN FOLASADE) ("BY YOUR SIDE") was arrested in JAMAICA for disobeying a policeman.
1998, film-star J-T WALSH died at 57. The same day, the FBI arrested serial-killer TONY RAY AMATI.
2000, ABC aired the TV-movie "THE BEACH BOYS: AN AMERICAN FAMILY", starring KEVIN DUNN, FREDERICK WELLER, and DICK STABILE.
2002, in GODHRA, INDIA, a MUSLIM mob set fire to a train, killing 60 HINDU nationalists. The same day, ALICIA KEYS ("GIRL ON FIRE") won five GRAMMYS® for her album, "SONGS IN A-MINOR"; and BRITISH-comedian SPIKE MILLIGAN died at 83 in RYE, EAST SUSSEX.
2003, PBS-icon FRED ROGERS, host of "MR. ROGERS' NEIGHBORHOOD", died at 74 in PITTSBURGH, PENNYSYLVANIA.
2006, the HARLEM GLOBETROTTERS won their 22,000th victory.
2007, the SHANGHAI STOCK EXCHANGE dropped nine percent, its largest drop in a decade.
2008, CONSERVATIVE-icon WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY, JR., died at 82 in STAMFORD, CONNECTICUT.
2010, an 8.8-magnitude earthquake struck central CHILE, killing more than 500 people and causing a tsunami that soon after arrived at HAWAII.
2011, baseball-great DUKE SNIDER died at 84 in ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA.
2012, a gunman opened fire and killed three at a high school in CHARDON, OHIO.