References Adams, M. (2005). Bash thy neighbour. Globe and Mail, October 19, 2005.
Adams, M. (2003). Fire and ice: The United States, Canada and the myth of converging values. Toronto, ON: Penguin.
April, B., Clemens, J., & Francis, J. (2000). Preserving independence: Does the Canadian voluntary sector need a voluntary sector commission? Vancouver: The Fraser Institute.
Axinn, J. & Stern, M. (2001). Social welfare: A history of the American response to need. (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Bane, M.J., Coffin, B., & Thiemann, R. (Eds). (2000). Who will provide? The changing role of religion in American social welfare. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Banting, K. (1987). The welfare state and Canadian federalism. ( 2nd ed.). Kingston, ON: McGill Queen’s University Press.
Barise, A. (2005). Social work with Muslims: Insights from the teachings of Islam. Critical Social Work, 6, 2. Retrieved November 23, 2005 from www.criticalsocialwork.com
Barlow, M., & Campbell, B. (1995). Straight through the heart: How the Liberals abandoned the just society. Toronto, ON: Harper Collins.
Baskin, C. (2002). Circles of resistance: Spirituality in social work practice, education and transformative change. Currents: New Scholarship in the Human Services, 1(1). Available from http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/currents/
Belcher, J., Fandetti, D., & Cole, D.. (2004). Is Christian religious conservatism compatible with the liberal social welfare state? Social Work, 49(2), 269-276.
Berger, P. L., & Neuhaus, R. J. (1996). To empower people: From state to civil society. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute.
Beyer, P. (2003). Constitutional privilege and constituting pluralism: Religious freedom in national, global, and legal context. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 42(3), 333-339.
Bibby, R. (2000). Canada’s mythical religious mosaic: Some census findings, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 39(2), 235 - 239.
Boris, E., & Steuerle, C. E. (Eds.). (1999). Nonprofits and government: Collaboration and conflict. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.
Brilliant, E.L. (1997). Nonprofit organizations, social policy, and public welfare. In M. Reisch & E. Gambrill (Eds), Social Work in the 21st Century (pp. 68-79.. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge.
Brock, K. (2000a). Was Seattle significant? The emerging interest in the third sector. School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University, Available from http://qsilver.queensu.ca/sps/ThirdSector/Research
Brock, K. (2000b). Sustaining a relationship: Insights from Canada on linking the government and third sector. Fourth International Conference of the International Society for Third Sector Research, Dublin, July 5-8, 2000. Available from http://policy.queensu.ca/sps/ThirdSector/Papers
Bruegemann, W. (2001). The prophetic imagination. (2nd ed.).Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.
Burbidge, J. (Ed). (1997). Beyond prince and merchant: Citizen participation and the rise of civil society.New York, NY: Pact Publications.
Cameron, G. & Vanderwoerd, J. (1997). Protecting children and supporting families: Promising programs and organizational realities. New York, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
Canadian Association of Social Workers. (1994). Code of Ethics.
Caputo, R.K. (2005). What’s morality got to do with it? An essay on the politics of moral values in light of the presidential election of 2004. Families in Society, 86(2), 171-179.
Carlson-Theis, S. (2005). Charitable choice basics. Washington, DC: Center for Public Justice. Available from www.cpjustice.org
Carniol, B. (2005). Case critical: Social services and social justice in Canada. (5th ed.).Toronto, ON: Between the Lines.
Chaplin, J. (2000). Beyond liberal restraint: Defending religiously-based arguments in law and public policy. University of British Columbia Law Review, 33(3), 617-644.
Chatterjee, P. (1999). Repackaging the welfare state. Washington, DC: NASW Press.
Christie, N. (2005). Religion and social welfare in Canada. In J.M. Herrick (Ed.), Encyclopedia of social welfare history in North America (pp. 303-306). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Christie, N. & Gauvrea, M. (1996). A full-orbed Christianity: The Protestant churches and social welfare in Canada, 1900-1940. Montreal, PC / Kingston, ON: McGill – Queen’s University Press.
Choquette, R. (2004). Canada’s religions: A historical introduction. Ottawa, ON: University of Ottawa Press.
Cipriani, R. (2000). Sociology of religion: A historical introduction. New York, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
Cnaan, R. (1999). The newer deal: Social work and religion in partnership. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Cnaan, R. (2002). The invisible caring hand: American congregations and the provision of welfare. New York, NY: New York University Press.
Cnaan, R. A., & Boddie, S. C. (2002). Charitable choice and faith-based welfare: A call for social work. Social Work, 47(3), 224-236.
Cossom, J. (2001). Informal helping and mutual aid. In J. C. Turner and F.J. Turner (Eds.), Canadian social welfare (4th ed.) (pp. 346-361).Toronto, ON: Allyn & Bacon.
Daly, L. (2005). Compassion capital: Bush’s faith-based initiative is bigger than you think. Boston Review, 30, April / May 2005. Available from http://bostonreview.net/BR30.2/daly.html
Davis, D., & Hankins, B. (Eds.). (1999). Welfare reform and faith-based organizations. Waco, TX: J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies, Baylor University.
Day, P.J. (2000). A new history of social welfare. (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
de Bettignies, J-E., & Ross, T.W. (2004). The economics of public-private partnerships. Canadian Public Policy, 30(2), 135-154.
De Vita, C. J. (1999). Nonprofits and devolution: What do we know? In E.T. Boris and C.E. Steuerle (Eds.), Nonprofits and government: Collaboration and conflict (pp. 213-233). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.
Drouin, H. (2002). Spirituality in social work practice. In F.J. Turner (Ed.), Social work practice: A Canadian perspective (2nd ed.) (pp. 33-45). Toronto, ON: Prentice Hall.
Drover, G. (2001). Trends and issues in social welfare: The impact of globalization. In J.C. Turner and F.J. Turner (Eds.), Canadian Social Welfare (4th Ed.) (pp. 532-544).Toronto, ON: Pearson Education.
Esbeck, C. (2004). Dissent and disestablishment: The church-state settlement in the early American republic. Brigham University Law Review, 4, 1386-1592.
Ellwood, R. (1992). Many peoples, many faiths: An introduction to the religious life of humankind. (4th ed.).Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Esping-Andersen, G. (1990). The three worlds of welfare capitalism.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Farrow, D. (Ed). (2004). Recognizing religion in a secular society: Essays in pluralism, religion, and public policy. Montreal: McGill – Queen’s University Press.
Finn, J.L. & Jacobson, M. (2003). Just practice: A social justice approach to social work. Peosta, IA: eddie bowers publishing.
Gil, C. & Thériault, L. (2003). Valuing volunteering without recognizing the reality of the voluntary sector. Canadian Review of Social Policy, 51, 132-136.
Glenn, C. (2000). The ambiguous embrace: Government and faith-based schools and social agencies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Green, D. (1998). Reinventing civil society: The rediscovery of welfare without politics. London, GB: Institute of Economic Affairs.
Greene, B. (1999). Public religion in a pluralist society: New ways of engaging civil society. In Faith and public life: Challenges, choices, and opportunities: Examining the public role of religion in a changing Canada. Toronto, ON: Public Justice Resource Centre.
Guest, D. (1997). The emergence of social security in Canada. (3rd ed.). Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press.
Hall, M. & Banting, K. (2000). The nonprofit sector in Canada: An introduction. School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University. Available from http://policy.queensu.ca/sps/ThirdSector/Papers].
Hall et al., (2004). Cornerstones of community: Highlights of the National Survey of Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations. Ottawa, ON: Ministry of Industry.
Hall, P. D. (1998). Religion and the post-welfare state: An untold story. Religion in the News, 1(1).
Hiemstra, J. (2002). Government relations with faith-based non-profit social agencies in Alberta. Journal of Church and State, 44(1), 19-45.
Hirshorn, R. (Ed). (1997). The emerging sector: In search of a framework. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Policy Research Networks.
Hoberg, G. (2000). Canada and North American integration. Canadian Social Policy, 26(2), S35-S50.
Hodge, D.R. (2002). Does social work oppressive evangelical Christians? A new class analysis. Social Work, 47(4), 401-414.
Hodge, D.R. (2003a). The challenge of spiritual diversity: Can social work facilitate an inclusive environment? Families in Society, 84(2), 348-358.
Hodge, D.R. (2003b). Spiritual assessment: Handbook for helping professionals. Botsford, CT: North American Association of Christians in Social Work.
Hodge, D.R. (2003c). Differences in worldviews between social workers and people of faith. Families in Society, 84(2), 286-295.
Hodge, D.R. (2004a). Developing cultural competency with Evangelical Christians. Families in Society, 85, 251-260.
Hodge, D.R. (2004b). Deconstructing assumptions of prejudice: Understanding the role of power and worldview in assessing Christian attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. Arete, 28(1), 48-64.
Hodge, D.R. (2004c). Working with Hindu clients in a spiritually sensitive manner. Social Work, 49(1), 27-38.
Hodge, D.R. (2005a). Spiritual lifemaps: A client-centred pictorial instrument for spiritual assessment, planning, and intervention. Social Work, 50(1), 77-88.
Hodge, D.R. (2005b). Social work and the house of Islam: Orienting practitioners to the beliefs and values of Muslims in the United States, Social Work, 50(2), 162-174.
Hodge, D.R. (2005c). Spirituality in social work education: A development and discussion of goals that flow from the profession's ethical mandates. Social Work Education, 24(1), 37-55.
Hodgson, M. (2002). Rebuilding community after residential schools. In J. Bird, L. Land, and M. MacAdam (Eds.), Nation to nation: Aboriginal sovereignty and the future of Canada (pp.92-108). Toronto, ON: Irwin Publishing.
Hoover, D. (2000). A religious right arrives in Canada. Religion in the News, 3(2). Available from http://www.trincoll.edu/depts/csrpl/RINVol3No2/contents_vol3no2.htm
Ilcan, S. & Basok, T. (2004). Community government: Voluntary agencies, social justice, and the responsibilization of citizens. Citizenship Studies, 8(2), 129-144.
Jackson, A. (2000). Why we don’t have to choose between social justice and economic growth: The myth of the equity/efficiency trade-off. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Council on Social Development.
Jaco, R.M. (2001). Social agencies and human service organizations. In J.C. Turner and F.J. Turner (Eds.), Canadian Social Welfare. (4th ed.) (pp. 362-387).Toronto, ON: Pearson Education.
Jansson, B. (2005). The reluctant welfare state: American social welfare policies. (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Johnson, N. (1987). The welfare state in transition: The theory and practice of welfare pluralism. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press
Kramer, R.M. (2000). A third sector in the third millennium? Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 11(3), 1-23.
Lauzier, M. (2000). The voluntary sector initiative: An opportunity to strengthen Canada. Perception, 24(4), 2.
Lefebvre, S. (2005). Religion in the public sphere. Canadian Issues, Spring 2005, 87-90.
LeRoy, S., Clemens, J., & Gudelot, G. (2004). Non-profit performance report 2004. Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute.
Lightman, E. (2003). Social policy in Canada. Toronto, ON: Oxford University Press Canada.
Lipset, S.M. (1991). Continental divide: The values and institutions of the United States and Canada. New York, NY: Routledge.
Lloyd, J. (2000). The left discovers Adam Smith. New Statesman, 13(609), 21-23.
Lyon, D. & Van Die, M. (Eds). (2000). Rethinking church, state, and modernity: Canada between Europe and America. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.
Marty, M. (1980). Social service: Godly and godless. Social Service Review, 54(4), 463 - 481.
Maurutto, P. (2003). Governing charities: Church and state in Toronto’s Catholic Archdiocese, 1850-1950. Montreal, PQ and Kingston, ON: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Mawhiney, A.M. (2001). First Nations in Canada. In J.C. Turner and F.J. Turner (Eds.), Canadian Social Welfare (4th ed.) (pp. 153-166). Toronto, ON: Allyn & Bacon.
McKnight, J. (1995). The careless society: Community and its counterfeits. New York, NY: Basic Books.
McLachlin, The Right Honourable Beverly. (2004). Freedom of religion and the rule of law: A Canadian perspective. In D. Farrow (Ed.), Recognizing Religion in a Secular Society: Essays in Pluralism, Religion, and Public Policy (pp. 12-34).Kingston, ON: McGill - Queen’s University Press.
McFarlane, S. & Roach, R. (1999). Strings attached: Non-profits and their funding relationships with government. Calgary, AB: Canada West Foundation.
McQuaig, L. (1995). Shooting the hippo: Death by deficit and other Canadian myths. Toronto, ON: Viking.
Meilicke, C.A. & Storch, J.L. (Eds), (1980). Perspectives on Canadian health and social services policy: History and emerging trends. Ann Arbor, MI: Health Administration Press.
Middleton, R. & Walsh, B. (1995). Truth is stranger than it used to be: Biblical faith in a postmodern age. Downer’s Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.
Miller, J.R. (1999). The state, the church, and residential schools in Canada. Paper presented at Religion and Public Life, Queen’s University, May 13-15, 1999.
Minow, M. (2000). Choice or commonality: Welfare and schooling after the welfare state. In M.J. Bane, B. Coffin, and R. Thiemann (Eds.), Who will provide? The changing role of religion in American social welfare (pp.147-177). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Mishra, R. (1999). Globalization and the welfare state. Northampton, MA: E. Elgar Press.
Morton, W.L. (1982). The kingdom of Canada: A general history from earliest times. (2nd ed.). Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart.
Myles, J. & Quadagno, J. (2002). Political theories of the welfare state. Social Service Review, 76(1), 34-57.
Nisbet, R.. (1982). The social philosophers: Community and conflict in Western thought. New York, NY: Washington Square Press / Harper & Row.
Nevitte, N. (2000). Value change and reorientations in citizen-state relations. Canadian Public Policy, 26(S2) s75 – s94.
Noble, C. Welfare as we knew it: A political history of the American welfare state. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Noll, M.A. (2002). The old religion in a new world: The history of North American Christianity. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans.
Novick, M. & Shillington, R. (1996). Crossroads for Canada: A time to invest in children and families. Toronto, ON: Campaign 2000.
Olasky, M. (1992). The tragedy of American compassion. Washington, DC: Regnery Gateway.
Orr, S. (1999). Exploring alternatives: Government social service policy and non-profit organizations. Calgary, AB: Canada West Foundation.
Paul, E. F., Miller Jr., F. D., & Paul, J. (1997). The welfare state. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Phillips, S., Raham, H., & Wagner, K. (2004). School choice, policies and effects: An international literature review. Kelowna, BC: Society for the Advancement of Excellence in Education.
Picard, A. (1996). A call to alms: The voluntary sector in the age of cutbacks. Toronto, ON: Atkinson Charitable Foundation.
Pierce, D. (2004). The changing styles of American political discourse: Implications for social work. Journal of Baccalaureate Social Work, 9(2), 1-8.
Reamer, F. (1999). Social work values and ethics. (2nd ed.).New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Reimer, S. (2003). Evangelicals and the continental divide: The conservative Protestant subculture in Canada and the United States. Montreal, PQ and Kingston, ON: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Roach, R. (2000). Building better partnerships: Improving relations between governments and non-profits. Calgary, AB: Canada West Foundation
Salamon, L. (1995). Partners in public service: Government - nonprofit relations in the modern welfare state. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Scott, K. (2004). Funding matters: The impact of Canada’s new funding regime on nonprofit and voluntary organizations: Summary report. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Council on Social Development.
Seligman, A. B. (1992). The idea of civil society. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Sider, R. & Unruh, H. (2004). Typology of religious characteristics of social service and educational organizations and programs. Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 33(1), 109-134.
Sweet, L. (1997). The fourth ‘R’: Religion in our classrooms. Toronto, ON: Atkinson Charitable Foundation.
Tangenberg, K. M. (2005). Faith-based human services initiatives: Considerations for social work practice and theory. Social Work, 50(3), 197-206.
Townson, M. (1999). Pensions under attack: What’s behind the push to privatize public pensions. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
Trattner, W.I. (1999). From poor law to welfare state: A history of social welfare in America. (6th ed.). New York, NY: The Free Press.
Turner, J. (2001). The historical base of Canadian social welfare. In J.C. Turner and F.J. Turner (Eds.), Canadian social welfare (4th ed.) (pp. 80-95). Toronto, ON: Allyn & Bacon.
Valverde, M. (1995). The mixed social economy as a Canadian tradition. Studies in Political Economy, 47, 33-60.
Vanderwoerd, J. R. (2002a). Is the newer deal a better deal? Government funding of faith-based social services. Christian Scholars Review, 33, 300-318.
Vanderwoerd, J.R. (2002b). When religion and sexual orientation collide: Ethical dilemmas in curriculum standards for social work education. Social Work & Christianity, 29(1), 53-64.
Vanderwoerd, J.R. (2004). How faith-based social service organizations manage secular pressures associated with government funding. Nonprofit Management & Leadership, 14(3), 239-262.
Van Die, M. (Ed). (2001). Religion and public life in Canada: Historical and comparative perspectives. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.
Van Pelt, M. & Greydanus, R. (2005). Living on the streets: The role of the Church in urban renewal. Hamilton, ON: Work Research Foundation. Retrieved November 8, 2005 from www.wrf.ca
Verhagen, K. (1997). Organized religion: The forgotten dimension. In J. Burbidge (Ed.), Beyond prince and merchant: Citizen participation and the rise of civil society. New York, NY: Pact Publications.
Voluntary Sector Initiative Secretariat. (2000). Introducing the voluntary sector initiative. Ottawa, ON: Voluntary Sector Initiative Secretariat. Available from http://www.vsr-trsb.net
Wagner, D. (2000). What’s love got to do with It? A critical look at American charity. New York, NY: The New Press.
Wallis, J. (2005). God’s politics: Why the Right gets it wrong and the Left doesn’t get it. San Francisco, CA: Harper Collins.
Watksinson, A.M. (2004). Equality rights and re-privatized public services: Religious fundamentalism meets the Charter. In C. Schick, J. Jaffe, & A.M. Watkinson (Eds.), Contesting fundamentalisms (pp. 137-151). Halifax, NS: Ferwood.
White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives. (2005). President highlights faith-based initiative at leadership conference. Washington, DC: Office of the Press Secretary. Available from http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2005/03/20050301-4.html
Wineburg, B. (2001). A limited partnership: The politics of religion, welfare, and social service. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Wuthnow, R. (2004). Saving America? Faith-based services and the future of civil society. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Yelaja, S. (1992). Canadian Social Policy. (3rd ed.). Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.
1 The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, H.R 3734, 104th Congress, 2d Session, P.L. 104-193.