This Tournament Goes To Eleven III: Smell The Glove Hosted by the University of Iowa, October 12-13, 2001 The American Civil War

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Bonus Questions
1. Wouldn’t it be funny if a bunch of Yankees and Rebs in a bar began yelling back and forth, “Bull Run!” “Manassas!” “Bull Run!” “Manassas!” Of course it wouldn’t. Answer the following about the First Battle of Bull Run.
A) For 5 each, these were the two commanding generals at the outset of the battle…Joseph E. Johnston arrived to take command, but the man already in command of the Southern army refused to yield his command.
Irvin McDowell and Pierre Gustave Toutant “P.G.T.” Beauregard
B) This South Carolina General, who would meet a painful death at Bull Run thanks to a minie ball, was the one who gave Thomas Jackson his nickname when he cried, “Look, there is Jackson with his Virginians, standing like a stone wall!”
Bernard Bee
C) The mixture of soldiers, politicians, and civilians running from Manassas to Washington was given this name by an angry Northern press.

The Great Skedaddle
2. A tip to aspiring traitors - if you’re going to set up foreign embassies, do a better job of sneaking out of the country. Answer the following about the Trent affair, 10 each.
A) This was the Union sea captain who stopped the Trent, boarded it, removed two Confederate diplomats, and took them to Boston to rot in jail.
Charles Wilkes
B) For 5 each, identify the two Confederate envoys - one en route to England, the other to France.
James Murray Mason, John Slidell
C) This was the vessel Wilkes commanded. It had been on routine patrol duty near Cuba when it stopped the Trent.
U.S.S. San Jacinto
3. Rather than surrender with the rest of the garrison at Fort Donelson, he escaped through the Union lines with his men and would make the Union army wish it had captured him right then and there. F5P, identify this famed Western Confederate cavalry leader.
Nathan Bedford Forrest
FTP, Forrest and his men were responsible for the massacre at this Tennessee fort in April, 1864, when they butchered an unarmed group of black and white Union soldiers.
Fort Pillow
F15P, Forrest was the first person to hold this rank in the Ku Klux Klan - he quit when the organization grew too violent for even him.
Imperial Wizard
4. For one day, the Confederate States of America was the most powerful naval power on earth, thanks to the C.S.S. Virginia. The next day, thanks to the U.S.S. Monitor, order was restored. However, on that one fateful day, March 8th, 1862, the Virginia steamed out to Hampton Roads and proceeded to put three Union blockade vessels out of action - one sunk, one afire, and one aground. FTPE, identify the three Union ships laid waste to by the Virginia.
U.S.S. Cumberland, U.S.S. Congress, U.S.S. Minnesota
5. FTPE, given the lyrics to a Civil War-era song, supply the title…which will be omitted from the lyrics you hear, replaced with the word BLANK.
A) “The Union forever, hurrah boys hurrah / Down with the traitor, up with the star/ While we rally round the flag, boys, rally once again / shouting BLANK.”
The Battle Cry of Freedom
B) “We are a band of brothers and native to the soil / Fighting for our liberty with treasure blood and toil / And when our rights were threatened the cry rose near and far / Hurrah for BLANK that bears a single star!”
The Bonnie Blue Flag
C) “Bring the good old bugle boys we’ll sing another song / Sing it with a spirit that will start the world along / Sing it like we used to sing it fifty thousand strong / While we were BLANK.”
Marching Through Georgia
6. FTSNOP, answer these random questions about the Battle of Shiloh.
5: He was shot in the back of the leg and while a simple tourniquet would have saved his life, none was applied, making him the highest ranking Confederate soldier to be killed during the Civil War.

Albert Sidney Johnston (Prompt on Johnston)
10: This was the name given to the center of the Union line, which held out for six hours under 12 assaults and point-blank artillery fire before surrendering, staving off total defeat for the North.
Hornet’s Nest
15: His arrival with Union reinforcements on the evening of the first day of the battle turned probable Union defeat into a victory - although at such a cost that U.S. Grant was reassigned from command.
Don Carlos Buell
7. Identify these parts of the battlefield at Gettysburg, ten each.
A) The extreme right flank of the Union line was anchored on this hill, named for a local family. One of the Confederate dead on the hill at the end of the battle was a son of this family, who had gone South to fight.
Culp’s Hill
B) This nest of boulders was used by Confederates as a sniper’s nest for picking Union soldiers off of Little Round Top.
Devil’s Den
C) This was the high ground held by the Union which was the ultimate objective of Pickett’s Charge…judging by the flag they fly over all of the southern state capitals, it didn’t work.
Cemetary Ridge
8. If the Civil War had been contested NFL style, the Union undoubtedly would’ve traded Benjamin Butler for anything - even a seventh-round draft pick - or cut him before June 1st to avoid a salary cap penalty. Answer the following about “The Beast,” 5-10-15.
5: Butler earned the sobriquet “The Beast” during his administration of this conquered Confederate port city.
New Orleans
10: Butler always aspired for more power than he had, and finally ran for President in 1884 as the nominee of these two political parties. He earned less than 2% of the vote, and died shortly thereafter. Name either party for 10.
Greenback-Labor or Anti-Monopoly
15: During Grant’s Spring Offensive of 1864, Butler was supposed to march down the James River and threaten Richmond. Doing his best to fail, he was bottled up by a much smaller Confederate force at this loop of the James River, rendering his army completely useless.
Bermuda Hundred
9. Given a handout, answer the following about the battle of Antietam, ten each.
A) Just to the left of the Letter A on the map is a small church. Identify the church.
Dunker Church
B) Letter B represents the location of this focal point of the battle, where Confederates hid for refuge, only to be slaughtered by oncoming Federal troops.
Sunken Road
C) C is where the name of what Union general should go, a general whose repeated assaults on a stone bridge cost the Union the chance of a major victory?
Ambrose E. Burnside
10. Vices were funnier during the Civil War than they are now. Now, everyone is viceful. Then, everyone was also viceful. This is going nowhere. Answer the following, 10 each.
A) Notable examples of these in war-time Washington were known as “Fort Sumter,” “Madame Russell’s Bake Oven,” and “Headquarters U.S.A.,” and visiting such an establishment was often referred to as “going down the line.”
Brothel (Accept equivalents)
B) This was given such wonderful names as “Bust-Head”, “Pop Skull,” “Tanglefoot,” and “Oh! Be Joyful.”
Homemade liquor (Accept liquor or alcohol)
C) Soldiers often threw these items away immediately before battle because possessing such a thing was considered “immoral.” Then, after the battles, they would go out and buy more.
Decks of cards (accept equivalents)
11. At the beginning of the movie Gettysburg, a Maine soldier who refuses to fight says of Union generals, “They couldn’t pour pee out of a boot with instructions written on the heel.” His frustrations were undoubtedly influenced by Fightin’ Joe Hooker’s demise at Chancellorsville. Answer the following about the battle of Chancellorsville, ten each.
A) Lee did not fall for Hooker’s feint towards this town. Instead, he split his smaller army in two and followed the main body of the Army of the Potomac.
B) This Union general, in command of the XI (Eleventh) Corps, was in charge of the extreme Union right. He disregarded reports that the Confederates were flanking him. They were. They did. They won.
Oliver O. Howard
C) After Stonewall Jackson was wounded, command of his corps fell to this man, who fought ably before returning to his previous command after the battle.
J.E.B. Stuart
12. William Rosecrans and Braxton Bragg both decided on identical flanking maneuvers, which, had they been allowed to finish, would have put the two armies on the opposite side of the battlefield from where they started. However, Rosecrans tried to close a gap in his line which wasn’t there, in the process opening another one, and almost initiated the destruction of his army at, FTP, what battle of September 19-20, 1863?
For another ten, this Virginia-born Union general held the entire Confederate force off while the Union army retreated, saving the army and earning himself the nickname “Rock of Chickamauga” and eventually William Rosecran’s job.
George “Pap” Thomas
For the final ten, the Union Army of the Tennessee retreated to this city, where Bragg laid siege to them before U.S. Grant arrived to break them out.
13. Given the famed Abraham Lincoln quote, identify the city in which he gave the speech, 5-10-15.
5: “Four score and seven years ago.”
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
10: “The better angels of our nature…”
Washington, D.C.
15: “A house divided against itself can not stand.”
Springfield, Illinois
14. Identify these battles of 1864, ten each.
A) After the stalemate in the Wilderness, Grant ordered Meade to do what no commander of the Army of the Potomac had ever done - continue moving south. The resulting battle, swirling around places given names like the Angle and the Horseshoe, lasted almost two weeks.
Spotsylvania Courthouse
B) After Spotsylvania, Lee correctly predicted Grant’s next move to this area, where Lee dug in on the high ground. Grant, in a fit of frustration, ordered several frontal assaults, none of which were successful. Grant later said ordering the last charge here was his only true mistake of the war.
Cold Harbor
C) After Cold Harbor, Lee thought Grant would retire to lick his wounds. Instead, Grant order an advance on this Confederate rail center, which would have fallen had Union advance units simply attacked the town. Instead, a nearly year-long siege ensued.
14. Identify the man, 30-20-10.
30: He was wounded at Petersburg when, while standing atop an earthwork to rally his men, he was shot through the pelvis. Grant, convinced the wound was mortal, promoted him to major general on the spot. The wound was mortal. It killed him in 1914.

20: A professor at Bowdoin before the war, he would serve as president of Bowdoin after the war, as well as two terms as governor of Maine.

10: His decision on Little Round Top to order his 20th Maine to charge the 8th Alabama saved the hill, the flank, the battle, the war, and our way of life.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
15. Identify the human being from quotes, 30-20-10.
30: “He stood by me when I was crazy, and I stood by him when he was drunk;, and now we stand by each other always.”

20: “War is the remedy our enemies have chosen, and I say let us give them all they want’ not a word of argument, not a sign of let-up, no cave in till we are whipped, or they are.”

10: “War is all hell.”
William Tecumseh Sherman
16. The election of 1860 was the cinder block which broke the camel’s back in regards to starting the war. Stephen Douglas was the only candidate of the four who campaigned nationally, and in a bitter twist of irony, he finished fourth. First…5 for one, 15 for both, identify the two states which Douglas won, one of which instructed its electors to vote for Lincoln anyway.
Missouri, New Jersey
F5PE, identify the three states which third-place finisher John Bell won.
Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia
17. Four persons were hanged for conspiring to kill President Lincoln - none of whom were John Wilkes Booth. The four were guilty of trying to kill Secretary of State William Seward, Vice-President Andrew Johnson, being part of the plot, and owning the boarding house where the others met. Identify any three of the four FTPE.
Lewis Powell or Lewis Paine, George A. Atzerodt, David E. Herold, Mary Surratt
18. Identify these aspects of the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, ten each.
A) This battle of April 6th was the final pitched battle the Army of Northern Virginia fought. They lost 8000 killed, captured, or missing - nearly a third of their army. Lee then retreated to Appomattox Court House.
Sayler’s Creek
B) After the evacuation of Richmond, Jefferson Davis declared this Virginia city the new Confederate capital, but was forced to flee again when Lee began asking for terms.
C) Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain was the officer selected to receive the Confederate surrender. What Georgian and future governor and senator surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia?
John B. Gordon
19. Be ye a Rebel, or be ye a Yankee? Choose now as to which side you’d like to answer a bonus on. (Seriously. Let them pick.)
UNION: The only Union army commander to die during the war was James B. McPherson at Atlanta. However, three other men died while in command of army corps, one at Antietam, one at Gettysburg, and one at Spotsylvania. Name them, ten each.
Joseph K. Mansfield, John F. Reynolds, John Sedgwick
CONFEDERATES: The only Confederate army commander to die during the war was Albert Sidney Johnston at Shiloh. However, three other men died while in command of army corps, one at Chancellorsville, one at Pine Mountain, and one at Petersburg. Name them, ten each.
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, Leonidas Polk, Ambrose Powell Hill (Prompt on Hill)
20. Clara Barton was not the only woman to become well known due to her war efforts. Identify the following, 5-10-15.
5: Before the war, she worked to improve conditions at mental hospitals. She was named head of Union nurses shortly after the shelling at Fort Sumter, she was tireless and so autocratic that she was given the nickname “Dragon.”
Dorthea Dix
10: She was the only woman Sherman allowed into his camps, when asked why, he replied, “She ranks me.” An agent of the Sanitary Commission, she endured 19 battles brewing coffee, assisting surgeons, helping the wounded write letters, and earning the nickname “Mother.”
Mary Ann Bickerdyke
15: She ran a private hospital in Richmond with a staff of only 6 other people. She treated 1,333 men over the course of the war and kept all but 73 of them alive, a record unmatched anywhere else during the war.
Sally Tompkins

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