Tour d’habitation: high-rise (apartments) Taudis: slums
6/Mumbai’s past. (3 pts)
a/ Who were the original inhabitants of Mumbai?
The original inhabitants of Mumbai were the native koli fisher-folk.
b/ Which Europeans invaded Mumbai? (4 pts)
Mumbai was first invaded by the Portuguese and then the British.
c/ Explain why so many Mumbai residents can speak or at least understand English. (6 pts)
Mumbai was colonized by the British and became a part of the British Empire. So many people learnt and continue to learn English. Indeed, it is still the main language in offices and schools.
7/ A “melting pot” (l.22).
a/ Find a French term in the text which is an equivalent for “melting pot”. (1 pt)
Melting pot = pot pourri
b/ Which other city does the author refer to as a “melting pot”? (2 pts)
“melting pot” also refers to New York.
c/ Explain why Mumbai is a melting pot. (5 pts)
Like New York, Mumbai is a melting pot or mixture of different peoples, cultures and languages. The author also points out the contrasts in living conditions, forms of transport and things to do in Mumbai which also contribute to its melting pot or pot-pourri reputation.
8/ Mumbai and animals.
a/ Which animals are mentioned in the text? (5 pts)
wandering (l.24): errant drawn (l.31) : tiré (par des chevaux)
d/ Explain why the author makes so many mentions of animals. (5 pts)
He wants to show how varied Mumbai is compared to other cities (outside India, at least). Mumbai does have traffic jams, skyscrapers, offices and schools but it also has exotic animals (and no doubt exotic people and buildings too).
9/ Would you prefer to visit Mumbai or New York? Explain why. (100-150 words). (Count and give the number of words used at the end of your essay). (15 pts)