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Old Testament History 101
Lesson 9 Joseph as Savior This lesson uses Genesis Chapters 42- 50 and the lesson notes to conclude this section of Old Testament History 101. In this very beautiful story, we see the directing hand of God. Joseph was used, as His instrument, to fulfill His divine purpose that Jacob goes down into Egypt with his family. In this land God would keep them a separate people, until the time of their deliverance. As we have already observed from our study, had the chosen people remained in the land of Canaan, there would have been grave danger of them losing their identity as a people of God among the Canaanites.
Joseph was seventeen years old when he left Canaan, and he had now reached the age of at least thirty- seven. Joseph’s brothers came to buy corn of one whom they had sold as a lad; they now bowed their knees to him for relief. Joseph’s age, his habits, the place and by using an interpreter and not speaking directly to the brothers in their own language, kept him from being recognized by them. Joseph left his brothers when they were full-grown men; their faces had no doubt left a lasting impression on the lad as he pled with them at their unkind parting. It seems the brothers never considered that they might meet him in Egypt and that he would be holding a high position would be beyond imagination. Joseph disguised himself and spoke harshly to them through the interpreter. If he would help his brothers from their former evil ways he must bring them to a place of repentance. He accused them of being spies and imprisoned them for three days.
When the brothers had their second interview with Joseph, they confessed among themselves their wrong to Joseph, not realizing that Joseph understood what they were saying. It was Simeon who agreed to stay in prison until the others could return to Canaan and bring Benjamin with them. God used the sternness and severity of Joseph to awaken their guilty consciences. Joseph, after brushing his tears away,returned to them again, and talked with them. And he took Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes. Their guilt made them afraid. Overlooking second causes, they attributed what had happened to them directly to the judgments of God. When their father Jacob heard their story, he refused to let them take Benjamin back with them. Here we see something of Jacob’s deep grief through the years over the loss of his son Joseph. He felt as if all these circumstances were against him, yet they were really working for his good. God was working for the preservation of Jacob and his family.
The pressure of famine again becomes so great on the family of Jacob that he relents; he tells his sons to go and buy food in Egypt. Judah, displaying the highest wisdom and greatest concern, reminds his father that for them to return to Egypt without Benjamin would only make matters worse. He would end up without food or sons, since they would be imprisoned. In his plea, Judah offers himself as surety for the safety of Benjamin. We have here a picture of the aged Jacob bowing to the will of God.
In Genesis 43:11-12, it is touching to observe Jacob’s feeble attempts to ward off the wrath of the dreaded Egyptian. He instructs his sons to take a few dainties to the Egyptian, as well as to return the money found in their sacks when they arrived home after the first trip. He would remain behind alone, as at the fords of Jabbok: no, not alone, but in faith and patience.
Once again the brothers stood anxiously before Joseph. Unexpectedly, Joseph ordered his chief steward to take them into his private home and to prepare a feast for them. He gave them water to wash their feet, restored Simeon to them and then ushered them into the banquet room. As the brothers presented Joseph with the gifts sent by their father, you can just imagine Joseph’s thoughts. Joseph’s dreams would now have been verified. He repeatedly inquired about his father and was overcome with emotion when he saw his brother, Benjamin, whom he had not seen for twenty-two years.
At the feast, Joseph seated his brothers according to age, and gave special attention to Benjamin. The mystery surrounding Joseph’s treatment of them could only have been heightened by this. Joseph sat at a separate table, as was the Egyptian custom.
Joseph, having had the satisfaction of seeing Benjamin and hearing his brothers acknowledge their guilt concerning himself, resolved to prove whether or not their change of disposition and attachment to Benjamin was genuine. As the brothers were preparing to return to their father, Joseph had a special cup put into Benjamin’s sack. The brothers had been treated royally by the ruler in Egypt, their sacks were full of food, Simeon had been released and Benjamin was safe. The brothers were in good spirits as they journeyed home. Then calamity came. One of Joseph’s servants chased after them and accused them of stealing. This so took them by surprise that they offered to surrender the life of the guilty and the liberty of all the others if the cup were found with any of them. The search was made and the cup found in Benjamin’s sack. Now came the first great trial of their feelings. They were all free to go home except Benjamin. He was to remain as a bondsman. The brothers, recognizing now their brotherhood, circled round Benjamin and decided to go back with him to Egypt. The Scripture says “Then they tore their clothes, and each man loaded his donkey and returned to the city.”
In the presence of Joseph they fell before him in mute grief. In seeking to find one brother, Joseph found eleven. There could be no doubt now that they were different men from those brothers who so heartlessly sold him into slavery. As a further test, he accused them of returning evil for good. Judah, his heart full of love and sorrow, of repentance and grief, again shoulders the responsibility and steps to the defense. In anguish, he relates the circumstances at home. He describes the attachment with which their father cleaves to the youth, the anxious care with which he had dismissed him, and that the consequences of the loss of Benjamin would be to bring their father’s gray hair down to the grave in sorrow. Then he adds that he had become surety for Benjamin and begs that he might stay and be a slave in his place.
The pleading of Judah conquered. Joseph could restrain himself no longer and burst forth in a flood of tenderness. The speech of Joseph to his brothers is surpassed only by that of Judah. As Joseph announced to his brothers who he was, they were troubled at his presence. “Joseph said to his brothers, ‘please come near to me.’” So they came near. Then he said: “I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt.” Then with a turn which shows the tenderness of his heart, he begs them not to be grieved or angry with themselves, but to consider rather the design of God in providentially working in this wonderful series of events. “God sent me before you to preserve a posterity for you in the earth.” Joseph, instead of talking about forgiving them, asks them to forgive themselves, as if his forgiveness was not in question. He directs them to go back to Canaan and bring his father to him.
After sending a warm request to Jacob to come to Egypt, Joseph turned to Benjamin and fell upon his neck and wept. As Joseph sent the brothers on their way, he warned them not to accuse each other of the past.Don’t blame each other. Joseph, knowing human nature, gave this necessary warning to his brothers. He had seen the contention among them when they were put into prison and when he made himself known to them. Reuben had made strong accusations against his brothers. Joseph was afraid that these feelings would continue on their journey home, as they reflected on all that had happened and on their former conduct.
Joseph had forgiven them all, and it was only reasonable that they should forgive each other. He was a peacemaker by precept and example.
They were going home with news which would reveal to their father that they had been the cause of Joseph’s disappearance. They would have to admit their deceit and falsehood. How would Jacob react to the news of their deceit and cruelty?
Joseph had probably never disclosed to Pharaoh that he had been sold into Egypt as a slave by his brothers. Now it is learned that Joseph came from an honored and wealthy family. Joseph had done such a good work in Egypt, saving them from starvation, that Pharaoh welcomed the opportunity to do something for Joseph’s family. As the brothers left Egypt to return home for their father, many provisions were given them for their journey. Wagons were also provided to bring back Jacob and the wives and children of Jacob’s sons.
When the brothers returned to Canaan, they had two things to tell their father: Joseph was alive and he was governor of Egypt. Jacob’s focus was that his son was alive. He made no comment on the prominent position his son held. He simply said, “It is enough, Joseph my son is still alive.”
Before leaving for Egypt to see his son Joseph, Jacob went to Beersheba to offer sacrifices to God in worship. Here God spoke to him. He was given this four-fold assurance:
1. That God was the Covenant God and he needs not fear to go down to Egypt;
2. That God would make of him a great nation and the transformation from family to nation would take place in Egypt;
3. That God would go down with him;
4. That God would surely bring him up again.
Each of these assurances was introduced by an emphatic “I” to indicate the personal and direct source of all these blessings. Strengthened by the word of God, Jacob went on his journey to Egypt with confidence.
The list of Jacob’s descendants, given in this chapter, may be compared with the list in Numbers 26 and 1 Chronicles, chapters 2-8. This document is one that would be of the greatest importance to the children of Israel when they returned to take possession of the land of Canaan. It would be somewhat of a title deed to the land. It was drawn up in a legal manner representing as sons some who were really grandsons, but who were heads of families.
The number of Jacob’s sons and grandsons which went to Egypt with their families is sixty-six. In Genesis 46:27 we have the figure given as seventy. The record excludes Jacob, Joseph and his two sons who are included in the 27th verse. It was necessary that these genealogies should be exact, to distinguish them by tribes later on in history. Also, this gives us a good record to verify their multiplying as a great nation in Egypt.
The chosen family going to Egypt was an essential part of the great plan of God, as revealed to Abraham some two hundred years before. Had they not been removed, they would have sought both possessions and alliances with the heathen people who possessed the land of Canaan. Some of the incidents with Jacob’s sons indicate that if God would have this people remain a separate people for His name, the present relationships with the Canaanites would have to be broken off. They would have to be placed among a people with whom they could not mix, but with whom they might learn the arts of civilization and industry. The Egyptians were forbidden to have anything to do with strangers, and a shepherd was an abomination to them. Under the discipline of affliction this family would become a nation. They must grow strong enough to take and keep the land of Canaan for a possession.
What a beautiful picture of reunion is given when Jacob meets Joseph. The Scripture relates “He fell on his neck and wept on his neck a good while.” The old man was not speaking because he could not speak. After a while Jacob says, “Now let me die.” Jacob, thinking Joseph was dead, had mourned for him for many years. God had granted Jacob something he never expected, to see his son alive.
Joseph instructed his brothers to be sure to introduce themselves as shepherds to Pharaoh. Since shepherds were an abomination to the Egyptians, this would encourage Pharaoh to give them a part of the land that would keep them a separate people. Thus the king gave them the land of Goshen or Rameses. This was the best pastureland in all of Egypt. Pharaoh also entrusted his own flocks to them as well. Joseph supplied them with bread during the remaining five years of famine. Here in this land, Jacob’s family would have protection and seclusion. Here in this land, they had every advantage they needed for making the transition from a family to a nation.
The feeble patriarch, leaning upon the arm of his son, is led into the presence of Pharaoh who receives him with great respect. Jacob blessing Pharaoh was a type of the true relationship in which Israel was to stand to heathenism in the future. When asked his age by Pharaoh, Jacob refers to the years of his life as a pilgrimage, for even his sojourn at this time was in a land that was not to be Israel’s. He mentioned that his days had been few and evil when compared to his fathers, Abraham and Isaac. Beginning with the day of the dark deed which drove him from Hebron, few men have had such a series of domestic trials and sufferings to look back upon as did Jacob: exiled from home, separated from a mother he was never to see again, humiliatingly deceived after seven years of labor for the object of his love, the drought consuming him by day and the frost by night, sleep departing from his eyes and his wages changed ten times while toiling twenty years in the house of a selfish uncle, sons multiplying around him, a daughter’s dishonor and her brothers fraud and cruelty, Rachel’s death, Reuben’s incest, Judah’s disgrace, the sale of Joseph and the loss presented in such cruel deceit to him. Thus a long line of sorrows. Jacob was speaking to Pharaoh as one who felt that his days were numbered. God, however, had seventeen more years for Jacob—years close to his beloved Joseph. Jacob’s last days were happy ones.
While the Egyptians were suffering famine in their own land, Israel (Jacob) enjoyed the blessing of God. Here the Israelites grew and multiplied exceedingly. Jacob begins to see the fulfillment of the promise to Abraham. Then we read that the time drew near that Israel must die. On his dying bed, he still held fast to the promises of God concerning the possession of the land of Canaan. He desired that his body be taken to the land that was his by God’s covenant. He made Joseph swear he would bury him in the sepulcher of his fathers.
In the history of the nation of Israel, Joseph does not appear as one of the tribes. Joseph really became two tribes, for his two sons were adopted by Jacob and given an inheritance among his sons.
Jacob, having put Ephraim and Manasseh into the birthright place, in the first verses of Genesis 48, goes on to speak of Rachel. He gives the time, place and manner of her death. He speaks of the lonely grave. Jacob had a supreme love for Rachel throughout his life. The firstborn of Leah, Reuben, had been discredited for the inheritance of the firstborn through the sin of incest, and it was now given to the firstborn of Rachel. Thus Jacob blessed the two sons of Joseph. When Joseph brought his sons to his father for blessing, Jacob put Ephraim, the younger, before Manasseh, the firstborn. These two sons of Joseph became two fully recognized tribes in Israel.
After Jacob settled in Goshen, he lived seventeen years. His last words reveal his unshakable faith in the complete fulfillment of all God had promised, not only to his immediate children, but to the generations who would become known as the children of Israel. All Jacob’s sons were sent for and stood around his bed. The time had come to give them his last blessing. His words were mingled with both blessing and prediction. With prophetic vision, he traces the characters and dispositions of the fathers through the history of their descendants. Given this insight, on the authority of God, he allots to every one his fitting portion of that land in which he himself had led a pilgrim’s life for more than a hundred years.
Jacob prophesies the destiny of each of his sons and predicts in still clearer terms as to “the seed of the woman.” It is predicted that He shall descend from Shem. From among the sons of Shem, Abraham was selected and from the sons of Abraham, Isaac was chosen. Of the two sons of Isaac, Jacob obtained the blessing, and from the twelve sons of Jacob, Judah is announced as the ancestor of the Redeemer of Mankind. From all the numerous descendants of Judah, it is later predicted that the Messiah will come from the line of David.
Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, convinced his brothers not to murder Joseph. Reuben also offered his own two sons as guarantee for the safe return of Benjamin. The dark spot of his life, and the sin which was upon the mind of his father, was his sin of incest. Through this sin, Reuben had forfeited his birthright. Jacob uses the term “unstable as water” to describe Reuben’s ungoverned passions. Reuben had no moral stamina and therefore could not hold the place of headship as the firstborn—a moral lesson worthy of thoughtful consideration. A young man given to such uncontrolled passions is lacking good solid character. Reuben should have been the defender of the honor of the family, and yet it was by him that it was violated. Thus he lost the birthright.
B. Simeon and Levi
Through their treachery toward the Shechemites, Simeon and Levi had brought disgrace to the house of Jacob. They had united for the purpose of crime; therefore they were to be scattered in Israel. The three elder sons were excluded from the rights and privileges of the birthright. Jacob pronounces a curse upon the anger of Simeon and Levi because their wrath was marked by deeds of fierceness and cruelty. They were not cut off without any inheritance in the Promised Land, but they were divided and scattered. They represented a bad union and their punishment was a just division. The tribe of Simeon had only a portion in the midst of the tribe of Judah. The tribe of Levi was dispersed among all the tribes. In the later history of Israel, this tribe did serve as ministers of the sanctuary and teachers of Israel. Aaron, and the priestly line which is traceable to him, came from Levi. In Exodus 32:26-27 when Moses made a call for those who were on the Lord’s side to come forth, the sons of Levi gathered themselves together and stood by Moses to put down a rebellion against God, which endangered the whole nation. Thus Levi’s curse was changed to a blessing. They were still scattered in Israel as in Jacob’s prophecy, but their punishment was turned into a means of blessing because they chose to be servants of God.
C. Judah - “You are he whom Your Brothers Shall Praise”
The peoples which came from Judah would later be called Jews and their whole country referred to as Judea. In contrast to the words Jacob had given to Reuben, Simeon and Levi, there are words of approval for Judah. This tribe would rule in Israel, and its enemies would be subdued before them. King David came from the tribe of Judah, and Jesus traced his lineage through David to Abraham. The statement of Jacob in Genesis 49:8 “Your father’s children shall bow down before you.” began to be accomplished after the death of Joshua, when Judah took the lead over the other tribes in leading the armies of Israel. The complete fulfillment was to be realized only in Christ, and its ultimate spiritual fulfillment is to be seen symbolically represented in Revelation 5:5-8, when the Lion of the tribe of Judah takes the sealed book and the whole host of heavenly worshipers are discovered in adoration at his feet. Judah would have the supremacy among the tribes of Israel, not yielding it to another. This has certainly been verified in history. It is the one nation that maintained its identity to the coming of the Messiah. It was at the destruction of Jerusalem that Judah ceased to be a tribe (70 a.d.). Not until May 14, 1948 was Israel once again recognized as a nation.
The second king of Israel was of the tribe of Judah, and from that time to the Babylonian captivity Judah not only had the scepter of the tribe, but also of the kingdom. When the scepter was promised that it should not depart from Judah, it implied that it would depart from the other tribes. The tribe of Benjamin became a part of the tribe of Judah; the other ten tribes were carried into Assyria and, as tribes, never returned. The Jews were also carried captive to Babylon, but returned after seventy years. During this captivity they had lived as distinct people and had rulers and governors of their own. However, after the Babylonian captivity they were not totally free as they subsisted under foreign masters: Persians, Greeks and Romans. In 1948, after many years of nonexistence as a nation, we see them once again declared as a nation with authority and government. Today the Jews are returned to Palestine to once again possess the land that God promised to them through Abraham. This was the blessing given to Judah. He was to be the father of the Shiloh (Prince of Peace), and until the Shiloh came, this tribe was to be the most glorious of all the tribes of Israel. Jesus Christ, the lion of the tribe of Judah, came and gave his life on the cross, thus spoiling principalities and powers. He went up a Conqueror and is now at the right hand of God the Father. To Christ belongs the scepter and to Him shall the gathering of people be. He being lifted up from the earth, shall draw all men unto Himself. Jesus Christ is the center of unity.
Genesis 49:11-12 gives us a description of the prosperity of the land of Judah in the days of Judah’s faithfulness to God. There would be such abundance that there would be no fear of waste. Although the expression in these verses seems to be obscure, they definitely refer to the prosperity of the land. The abundance of nourishing food produces a healthy people.
Zebulun was Jacob’s sixth son by Leah. This tribe did not play an important part in the history of Israel.
Issachar seems to have been subservient to the Canaanites. They also assumed a position of servitude in relation to the Phoenicians, becoming their common carriers, mule-drivers and servants of all work.
Jacob’s blessing implied that Dan, although small, would judge his people. Likened to a horned snake, Dan was to wage guerrilla warfare with its foes, bringing about their destruction. The first introduction of idolatry in Israel is ascribed to the tribe of Dan. In numbering the tribes of Israel, the name of Dan is omitted. It is interesting that following the benediction and blessing on his son Dan (in which he mentioned the serpent), Jacob’s thoughts are lifted toward that great salvation which all the patriarchs anticipated.
Jacob prophesied that nomadic tribes would harass and annoy the Gadites, but God would disperse them successfully.
The name Asher means “happy.” The tribe of Asher is described as prosperous and told that they would possess an especially productive soil.
In Judges 5:18, Naphtali is praised for its heroism. It is pictured as one of a deer from which all restraint has been removed.
Joseph was Jacob’s favorite son, Rachel’s firstborn. The fulfillment of the prophecies concerning him is found in the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. Joseph is compared to a fruitful bough.
Both Ephraim and Manasseh were very numerous. Joseph was aimed and shot at and greatly oppressed by his enemies. His own brothers reviled him, shooting at him with the arrows of bitter words. They planned to kill him, but God’s grace and providence sent him to Egypt. God’s grace and mercy did not forsake him. He was kept by the God of Israel. Joseph, who had been sold, tempted, maligned, imprisoned and greatly oppressed, became the feeder, stay and support, the rock of defense, of his father and his family.
In Genesis 49:25-26, Jacob brings out two thoughts. The peaceful abundance of his old age, which he owed to Joseph, and the persecutions his beloved son had endured, stir the fountains of his affections until they overflow with blessings:
(a) Blessings of heaven: air, rain and sun;
(b) Blessings of the deep: the springs and streams, as well as the fertile soil;
(c) Blessings of the breast and womb: the children of the home and the young of the flocks and herds.
The benedictions pronounced on Joseph exceed those that came upon Jacob himself from his father. Joseph is given a double portion with a double measure of affection from a father’s heart.
As Judah is likened to a lion, Issachar to a strong ass, Dan to a serpent, Naphtali to an hind let loose, Joseph to a fruitful bough or tree planted by waters, so Benjamin is fitly compared to a ravenous wolf for his warlike courage and success against his enemies. The “morning” could be a reference to the Jewish state, which is the subject of all of Jacob’s prophecy. Benjamin was to continue longer than the other tribes. The tribe attached itself to the tribe of Judah, with Judah as its head. They went together into captivity and returned together and were both in existence when Christ came. The Apostle Paul was part of this tribe.
Jacob appointed his twelve sons to be the twelve heads of the chosen race, which was now becoming a nation. Instead of it just having one head, it would be twelve tribes. What Jacob gave at this time had to do with respect to the tribes or ancestors, rather than to individuals. The Jewish people, to this day, are among the most remarkable. Springing from one stock, they passed the infancy of their nation in a state of servitude in a foreign country. After 439 years in Egypt, they returned to their own land, conquering their native valleys of Palestine. The conflict was long; they sometimes were enslaved, sometimes victorious. They rose to the rank of a powerful and commercial people. Twice they were taken by foreign powers into captivity; later they were scattered over the face of the earth. Hated, scorned and oppressed, yet they survive—a numerous and thriving people. In spite of all the changes of manners and opinions, they still retain their ancient institutions and their national character. No matter where they were found, they always had a hope of restoration to their native land. Their civil and religious history is inseparable. To the Christian, there can be no more instructive or important study than that which has to do with the rise, the progress and future prophecy of this nation today.
Jacob is the only one of the Old Testament Patriarchs of whom information is given to his very last hour. He approaches this hour with a peace and a hope of the “rest” that exists for the people of God; with the promise made to him, at Beersheba, by God. Jacob died in faith, with his precious son Joseph present to close his eyes.
Joseph took charge of the funeral arrangements for his father. Because of his position in Pharaoh’s court, he was able to secure needed help. Jacob’s body was embalmed according to Egyptian custom, after which there was a seventy-day period of mourning. Joseph then received permission from Pharaoh to take his father’s body back to Canaan. The large procession to Canaan included not only the family of Israel, but the officers of the court, the servants of Pharaoh and the elders of Egypt. The splendor and magnificence of Jacob’s funeral seems to be without parallel in history. The procession traveled two hundred miles in chariots. Jacob was the father of the prime minister of Egypt.
Joseph’s brothers feared that after Jacob’s death Joseph would take revenge for their sin against him. Joseph by no means intended to reproach them for their fault or wrong to him. He turns their eyes from themselves to the decree of God. His mention of their intention was only that of contrast to the gracious intentions of God. This is the golden lesson that comes out of this whole history of Joseph. We see the wisdom and goodness of the divine providence of God. It was a dark picture when Joseph was cast into a pit, when he was sold into Egypt, when by false accusation he was cast into prison. The days of his imprisonment were dark. Had one of the links in the chain of providence been broken, Joseph might never have been ruler of Egypt, nor his father and his father’s house been kept alive during famine. How many times must Joseph’s faith have been tried, as he could not see the end of what God had for him, nor could he understand the reason for his situation. God meant it all for good. Joseph never lost his faith in God during the years of his affliction and trials. As a result, Joseph was blessed; his father’s house was saved. God was also preparing a history. A history by which men, although unable to see the end results or understand reasons for situations, may believe His goodness. What a lesson for us today as we study this history.
At the death of his father, Joseph was 56 years of age and he lived 54 years longer. The life of Joseph was very different from that of his father. He lived in a palace and was honored as one of the wisest and greatest of men by the whole nation, as well as by surrounding nations. Yet Joseph lived in a palace by faith, as his fathers had done in their tents. It was the will of God that he dwell there to be a father to Pharaoh, but most important, a shepherd of Israel. He lived long enough to see Ephraim’s great grandchildren. Although Joseph died in Egypt, he knew that Canaan had been given as the inheritance of Abraham’s seed. His body was not immediately taken back to Canaan, but was kept in a coffin in Egypt until the time of the exodus of the children of Israel from Egypt. Joseph’s bones were then taken back to Canaan and buried in Shechem. Using the Bible and study notes, please answer the following questions.
1. Why did Joseph recognize his brothers but they did not recognize him? 2. How old would Joseph have been at this time? 3. What course of action did Joseph choose to use with regard to his brothers? Tell why you think he did this. 4. When Joseph accused his brothers of being spies, what was their argument and why did they use this manner of defense? 5. Why do you think Joseph ended up putting all of his brothers in prison, when he had proposed that one go and return with Benjamin? 6. What did Joseph’s treatment of his brother’s cause to come to mind to them? 7. Is it possible for us to be conscious of our sin, suffer under the consequences and feel its guilt, yet not truly repent? 8. Why do you think Joseph suppressed his emotions and dealt firmly with his brothers? 9. Have there been times in your life when you have felt as Jacob, that “all these things are against me” (Genesis 42:36), and then found out that the trial or time of chastening was really the Lord working things out in love, teaching you how to trust Him more? 10. What verse in Genesis 43 indicates that Jacob finally accepted the will of God in the matter of Benjamin going to Egypt? 11. What did Joseph do so others would not hear when he announced his identity to his brothers? 12. Of the two things his sons told him, that Joseph was alive and that he was governor in Egypt, which caused Jacob to rejoice? 13. What would have happened to both people and cattle had Joseph not used the wise measure that he did inGenesis 47:16-18. 14. Besides Joseph’s wisdom concerning the people of Egypt, what even more important result did his wisdom have on the world’s destiny? 15. How many years did God give to Jacob in the land of Goshen? 16. How old was Joseph when he was sold into Egypt 17. In what way does Jacob give to Joseph the double inheritance of the first-born? 18. What last thing did Jacob leave with Joseph? What are the following sons of Jacob likened unto?
(e) Joseph ________________________________________________
(f) Benjamin ______________________________________________ 19. What was the fear of Joseph’s brothers after their father’s death? 20. What seemed to be the one great, all-dominating, consciousness of Joseph’s life? As you remember your study, what in the lives of the following patriarchs did you find to be the most interesting and challenging?
Joseph: 21. Of all the blessings given by Jacob to his sons, the blessing of which son has the most impact upon us today?
Student Comments for this lesson: Instructor’s comments for this lesson Number and Letter Grade for this lesson: Date this lesson was graded: Instructor: Carol Oakes