This lecture will help you understand: Soils and agriculture


Agriculture originated independently in several regions



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Agriculture originated independently in several regions.

Traditional agriculture

Agriculture by muscle power, animals, hand tools, simple machines

  • Subsistence agriculture = family produces only enough for itself

Industrialized agriculture

  • Modern intensive agriculture demands that vast fields be planted with single types of crops.

  • Monoculture is the uniform planting of a single crop.

History of agriculture

Industrialized agriculture is displacing traditional farming, just as traditional farming displaced hunting and gathering.

The green revolution

  • An intensification of industrialization of agriculture, which has produced large yield increases since 1950.

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