This is due: The capitol of Texas is located in Austin on the Colorado

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Texas History Semester Review – THIS IS DUE: _________________________

1. The capitol of Texas is located in Austin on the Colorado River. (locate on a map) p.RA21

2. The San Jacinto monument marks the site of final battle of the Texas Revolution, the Battle of San Jacinto, and is located near the present day city of Houston .(locate on a map) p.RA21)

3. Grapevine-Colleyville ISD is located in the North Central Plains Region of Texas. (locate on a map) p 73)

4. Texas’s longest river, the _ Rio Grande is a major geographic feature that forms the southern border along the Mountains and Basins, the Great Plains and the Coastal Plains Regions of Texas. (locate on a map) p.RA21)

5. The Coastal Plains region is near the Gulf coast of Texas so it receives the most rainfall. p 73

6. The Indians who lived in the Great Plains Region depended on Buffalo/Bison for food, clothing and shelter. P 113

7. The Karankawa were a nomadic Native American tribe who traveled in large dugout canoes to hunt and fish along the Gulf Coast of Texas. p.109

8. The Caddo tribe of East Texas lived in “beehive” huts and called the Spanish explorers Te’sha which meant friend. p.144

9. After the Kiowa and other Native American tribes made contact with the Europeans in the late 1600’s, their numbers decreased rapidly due to warfare and disease. p. 114

10. Conquistadors like Coronado, helped to conquer and settle lands for the Spanish government and gained gold and glory for themselves. Later they established missions to spread their religion. p. 123-4

11. Spain established missions, presidios and towns during the Spanish Colonial era. p. 143

12. The modern State Capital of Texas is located in Austin P3

13. After surviving a shipwreck on the Texas coast, Cabeza de Vaca settled on Galveston Island and survived by trading goods with Native Americans living on the mainland. p.125

14. The highest point in Texas is the Guadalupe Peak P 3

15. The Spanish established Missions to convert and educate Native Americans to the Spanish culture and Catholic religion. p. 143

16. The Spanish viceroy ordered new missions to be built in the early 1700’s because they were worried about the plans of the French to occupy East Texas. p.148

17. Gutierrez de Lara helped Mexico achieve independence from Spain by helping to organize the Gutierrez-Magee Expedition which captured Nacogdoches, Goliad (LA Bahia), and San Antonio. p. 172

18. Examples of Spanish influence on Texas culture includes names of rivers and cities, architecture, art music and food. p. 156

19. When Americans settlers applied for land grants in Texas under Spanish rule, they had to display good character and become citizens of Spain. p.192

20. Moses Austin received an Empresario contract to bring Anglo American settlers to Texas, but he died, so his son Stephen Austin carried out the plan. p. 189

21. In the early 120’s and 1830’s, Stephen Austin had settlers pay him 12.5 cents for an acre of land which was cheaper than land in the United States. p. 189

22. The Spanish Governor of Texas Martinez required that the settlers Austin would bring to Texas meet certain conditions. They had to display good character and had to be Catholic. p. 192

23. Austin’s original colony was located on the flat, fertile coastal plain of Texas. What two rivers allowed settler to have easy access to the ocean for trade with the United States? Brazos & Colorado p 191 & 187

24. Stephen Austin is considered the “Father of Texas” for his work in establishing the first Anglo American colony in Texas. p. 190

25. Early Spanish settlers were a part of the Mission system that was designed to establish a Spanish presence in Texas and promote the Catholic religion. Anglo American settler were drawn to the cheap land in Texas and economic benefits of that land.

26. Place the letter associated with an event in the correct order in which they occurred.

C – B – D - A (Chpt 9)

A. Turtle Bayou Resolution B. Mier Y Teran Report

C. Mexican Constitution of 1824 D. Law of April 6, 1830

27. William Travis was the commander of Texas forces at the Alamo and penned the now famous letter stating “Victory or Death” p 276

28. The Texas troops were led by Sam Houston at the Battle of San Jacinto where the Mexican army was defeated and Santa Anna was captured. p. 310

29. The American and Texas Revolutions were similar, because like the British Government during the American Revolution, the Mexican government ended freedoms that Texans had enjoyed and issued regulations to bring Texas more closely under the authority of the Mexican government.

30. Tejanos like Erasmo Seguin, Juan Sequin and Lorenzo de Zavala risked their lives, their land, their homes and their families in fighting for the cause of Texas. p.272

31. Fannin surrendered after the Battle of Coleto Creek, then on March 27, 1836, the Texas prisoners were marched out on the prairie in three columns as the Mexican soldiers opened fire on them in what became known as the Goliad Massacre p.287

32. At the Battle of Gonzales , Mexican soldiers tried to retrieve a small brass cannon that had been loaned to the town of Gonzales, but the Texans would not turn it over and they decorated it with a small white flag that said “Come and Take It.” p. 143-44

33. After touring Texas, Mier Y Teran recommended that the Mexican government place more troops around the settlements, and work to attract more Mexican and European settlers in order to decrease the influence of the United States on Texas. p.220

34. George Childress a lawyer from Tennessee was considered to be the sole author of the Texas Declaration of Independence. p.256

35. On February 24th 1836 William Travis wrote one of the finest statements of courage in American history. He requested reinforcement but was prepared to fight to the death. His message ended with “Victory or Death”. p 276

36. The Texas Declaration of Independence started with justification for the revolution. It stated that Santa Anna had violated the liberties guaranteed under the Mexican Constitution of 1824. Some of these included trial by jury & religious freedom. P 258

37. The commander of regular army soldiers at the Alamo, William Travis, died at a young age in battle attempting to defend the Alamo against Santa Anna’s army. p. 280

38. Upon his defeat at San Jacinto, Santa Anna signed the Treaties of Velasco on May 14, 1836. p310

39. Santa Anna flew a Red flag at the Alamo which meant “no quarter”. However, despite a lack of reinforcements Travis and his men were determined to continue the fight. p 277

40. On March 2nd , 1836 Texas declared its independence from Mexico. p. 256





Important Places- Identify the following Texas places and mark on the map provided.

  1. Locate: The Texas State Capitol - Reference Atlas A

  2. Locate the Rio Grande River- Reference Atlas B

  3. Locate: San Jacinto and its importance- Chapter 12 Lesson Place and Time C – Santa Anna and Mexican army defeated ending the revolution-Texas now independent.

  4. Label the four regions- Chapter 3 Lesson Place and Time
    A - Coastal Plains
    B - North Central Plains
    C - Great Plains
    D - Mountains & Basins

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