This document contains brief discussions of major influences on politics, social organization, science, religion, philosophy, commerce and historically significant moments of the nineteenth century which influenced the thinking of the


(1) MODERN CANAL BUILDING BEGAN IN THE COAL FIELDS OF ENGLAND IN 1759



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(1) MODERN CANAL BUILDING BEGAN IN THE COAL FIELDS OF ENGLAND IN 1759.

(2) THE STEAM ENGINE MADE POSSIBLE THE RAILROAD LOCOMOTIVE BY THE EARLY 1820S. INCREASED DEMANDS FOR COAL AND IRON COULD NOW BE MET BY THE LOCOMOTIVE HAULING HEAVY LOADS OVER IRON RAILS. IN THE FIRST TWO DECADES OF THE RAILWAY (1830-1850), THE OUTPUT OF IRON AND COAL TREBLED IN BRITAIN. BUSINESSMEN INVESTED HEAVILY IN CONSTRUCTION OF RAILROADS TO GIVE RAILROADS THE NECESSARY CAPITAL TO GROW.

(3) THE STEAM ENGINE ALSO MADE POSSIBLE ROBERT FULTON'S INVENTION OF THE STEAMSHIP IN 1807.

- BY THE MIDDLE OF THE 19TH CENTURY, THERE WAS A FLOOD TIDE OF PEOPLE MOVING OUT OF THE RURAL VILLAGES AND INTO THE CITIES IN ENGLAND. ENGLAND'S INDUSTRY WAS NOW ORGANIZED AROUND THE FACTORY SYSTEM INSTEAD OF THE DOMESTIC SYSTEM. LARGE CONCENTRATIONS OF PEOPLE BEGAN TO ORDER THEIR LIVES AROUND THE FACTORY SYSTEM. THE RAILROAD AND STEAMSHIP MADE LARGE CITIES POSSIBLE BECAUSE THEY WERE ABLE TO BRING IN ENOUGH FOOD TO FEED THE PEOPLE. ENGLAND'S INDUSTRIAL MIGHT WAS TO BE UNCHALLENGED UNTIL AFTER 1870. AFTER THAT TIME, GERMANY AND THEN THE U.S., WOULD CLOSE THE GAP.





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