Marvin Gaye’s plea for peace and love in “What’s Going On,” where “war is not the answer, for only love can conquer hate.” “In 1969 or 1970,” Gaye said, “I began to re-evaluate my whole concept of what I wanted my music to say. I was very much affected by letters my brother was sending me from Vietnam, as well as the social situation here at home. I realized that I had to put my own fantasies behind me if I wanted to write songs that would reach the souls of people. I wanted them to take a look at what was happening in the world.”
For a brief moment during the years of the war, millions of young people, and a few oldsters, believed that political music could help make a social revolution, remake a country, and stop a war. As it turned out music did not accomplish these things. What anti-war music did do, as all protest music has done throughout American history, was to raise spirits while doing battle, help define the identities of activists, and turn passive consumption into an active, vibrant, and sometimes liberating culture.
 James Baldwin, “Fifth Avenue Uptown: A Letter from Harlem,” in Nobody Knows My Name: More Notes of a Native Son (New York: Vintage Books, 1961), 61.
 Bob Dylan, “Masters of War,” The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan (Columbia Records, 1963).
 “The Rolling Stone Interview with John Fogerty,” Rolling Stone, February 21, 1970.
 Joe McDonald, “I-Feel-Like-I’m-Fixin’-to-Die Rag,” Country Joe McDonald and the Fish, Rag Baby: Songs of Opposition, EP (1965) and I-Feel-Like-I’m-Fixin’-to-Die Rag, Studio album (Vanguard, 1967).
 Neil Young, “Ohio,” Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young, single (Atlantic, 1970).
 Todd Gitlin, The Sixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage, rev. ed. (New York: Bantam, 1993), 287.
 George Lipsitz, “Who’ll Stop the Rain? Youth Culture, Rock ’n’ Roll, and Social Crises,” in David Farber, ed., The Sixties: From Memory to History (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994), 211.
 Jann S. Wenner, Lennon Remembers: New Edition (London and New York: Verso, 2000; orig. 1971), 93.
 “Marvin Gaye: ‘What’s Goin’ On’” in “500 Greatest Albums of All Time,” Rolling Stone online:http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/500-greatest-albums-of-all-time-20120531/marvin-gaye-whats-going-on-19691231. Accessed July 7, 2012