What is Anselm’s ontological argument for the existence of God?
The sentence, “God does not exist” is self-contradictory, because God could not be the Most Perfect Being possible if He did not exist. The more perfect something is, the more real it is.
The sentence, “God does not exist” is self-contradictory, because observing the natural world shows us the actions of a Designer who created it.
The sentence, “God does not exist,” is true, but only a fool dares to utter it aloud. Since Anselm is not a fool, he cannot make this argument.
The sentence, “God does not exist,” is proof of heresy, and those who dare to utter it should be excommunicated and publicly condemned by the Church.
Aquinas begins his proof of God’s existence by listing reasons why people would argue that God does not exist. What is the first reason he lists?
Because there must be a Prime Mover who created the universe
Because two opposites cannot both exist if one of them is infinite. Since evil exists, there cannot be such a thing as Infinite Goodness. Therefore, God does not exist.
Because two opposites cancel one another out, God’s existence has been cancelled out by the existence of Satan. Therefore, God no longer exists.
Because there cannot be a Prime Mover without a First Cause, God must not exist.
Aquinas begins his proof of God’s existence by listing reasons why people would argue that God does not exist. What is the second reason he lists?
Because you do not need to bring in additional explanations for something once you have a complete explanation. Since we know that Nature explains everything we observe in the world, we do not need the additional explanation of God.
Because you need infinitely many explanations for something in order to prove that it is true, God cannot exist, since He would require other explanations of how He created the universe.
Because you cannot explain everything as God’s work, you cannot prove his existence. Therefore, God must not have created the world.
Because God was created by Nature, his existence depends upon the natural world. Since a spiritual being cannot be created by the natural world, God must not exist.
What is the name for the principle that the simplest explanation is the best?