Thematic areas and concrete detail 1600-1776 Colonization 1600-1675



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Thematic areas and concrete detail 1600-1776
Colonization 1600-1675

Puritans/Congregationalists/Calvinists

Anglicans

Separatists

Pilgrims

Different religious waves based on the changing political situation in England

Joint Stock Companies

The Chesapeake and Malaria

City on a Hill

Jonathan Winthrop

Fundamental Orders

Dominion of New England

New England Confederation

Headright system

The Mayflower Compact

House of Burgesses in Virginia

Mercantilism:

France:


Canada

Beaver trade,

Catholic,

Assimilation with Indians,

Mostly male,

Coureurs du Bois

Absolute monarchy-no traditions of self rule or civil rights

All Catholic

Spain:

Caribbean and Mexico



Encomienda (Indian slave plantations)

Intermarried with natives to create Creoles, Mestizos, etc.

Absolute Monarchy with local King appointed Viceroys: no tradition of self-rule or civil rights

All Catholic

England

Mixed population, families, indentured servants, nobles and craftspeople



Various religious factions: Separatist, Puritan, Catholic, Calvinist, etc.

Brought traditions of “rights of Englishmen” “Magna Carta” and English Bill of Rights

Many already enjoyed some village self-rule before coming to the New World

Purpose


For all three European countries, the purpose of the colonies was to furnish cheap raw materials and food to the mother country. Manufacture was discouraged or made illegal. All trade was controlled by parent country

Shaping the Colonial Identity 1676-1756


1st Great Awakening

Jonathan Edwards

George Whitefield

New Lights and Old Lights

Start of the weakening of deference for authority and England

Signs of inter-colonial unity

Part of the movement was to push for assistance to and compassion for Indians and slaves

Passionate, outdoor events for the emotional worship of Christ

Colonial ministers began to replace English trained ministers

Religious universities founded


Mercantilist Wars: During 1700s, Europeans fought wars of expansion relating at least in part to the colonies.

War of the Spanish Succession

War of the Austrian Succession

7 Years War (French and Indian War)

War of the American Revolution

Bacon’s Rebellion

Burned Jamestown

Governor Berkeley

Increased slavery because of fear of White freedmen rebellions
White Rebellion

Regulator Movement

Leisler’s Rebellion

Leveling


Glorious Revolution in England

Andros is overthrown in Massachusetts

Dominion of New England toppled

English Bill of Rights is passed

Paxton Boys rebel in Pennsylvania

Salem Witch Trials

Fear of outside danger: Indian attacks

Class Conflict

Clash between Scientific Revolution and traditional religion

Mass hysteria and origin of the American concept of “Witch Hunt”

Lack of a strong leader
Colonial Subcultures

Scots Irish Presbyterians

Southern Anglican aristocrats

New England Puritans/Calvinists/Congregationalists

Maryland Catholics

Slave Plantations versus small farms

Pennsylvania Quakers

New York Dutch (Patroons)

New England, Middle Colonies and Southern Colonies


Path to Revolution 1756-1783


7 Years War (French and Indian War)

Albany Congress

1st Congress of Inter-colonial Unity

Iroquois alliance

Discussion of Home Rule

Join or Die slogan

Conflict between Colonial militia and British regulars

Proclamation Line of 1763

Pontiac Rebellion

Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Quartering Act

Stamp Act Congress (2nd Congress of Inter-colonial unity)

Boycott of English goods

Sons of Liberty attack and intimidate British Officials

Daughters of Liberty make “home-spun” clothes

Townsend Acts

Tea, lead, glass

Boston Tea Party

New York Legislature Suspended for failing to comply with Quartering Act

Admiralty courts replace trial by jury

Boston Massacre

Committees of Correspondence

Sam Adams

House of Burgesses formed standing Committee of Correspondence

1 Continental Congress

The Association: Inter-colonial agreement non-import, non-export, non-consumption

2nd Continental Congress

Olive Branch Petition

Articles of Confederation

Declaration of Independence (list of how king violated the English Bill of Rights and rights of Englishmen

Declaration of War

Lexington and Concord

Common Sense by Thomas Paine

Battle of Bunker Hill and Saratoga

War Declaration 1776

Treaty of Paris in 1783

Conditions Fostering Sense of Entitlement and Liberty with Examples:


Magna Carta

English Bill of Rights

English Common Law

Traditional English Village Customs/Self-Rule

Mayflower Compact

Fundamental Orders

Act of Toleration

Zenger Trial

First Great Awakening

Social Challenges stimulated by Scientific Revolution

Scientific Reason versus Religion

Scientific Principles readily applicable to social experiments

Popularity and Circulation of Enlightenment Principles

John Locke: Natural Rights, Right to Life, Liberty and Property, Tabula Rasa

Montesquieu: Separation of Powers

Rousseau: The Social Contract, The General Will, Consent of the Governed

New England settlers came as families

Distance from England



Salutary Neglect

Black Market Trade/Smuggling
Directory: cms -> lib4 -> CA01001173 -> Centricity -> ModuleInstance
lib4 -> Standard vus. 12a
lib4 -> After World War II, the United States grappled with prosperity and unfamiliar international responsibilities, while struggling to live up to its ideals
lib4 -> How to Make Deep & Meaningful Connection Between Foreign Cultures & Your Own
lib4 -> Making Connections… Between Foreign Cultures & Your Own
lib4 -> The ap u. S. History Curriculum Framework Key Concepts and Learning Objectives
lib4 -> Unit 2 French Colonization/North America 1754-1800 This includes: -thematic learning objectives (each multiple choice question is tied to one (1) of these that follows
ModuleInstance -> Study Guide Ch. 12-14  ap european History Mr. Piersma  Santa Ynez Valley Union High School Chapter 12—The Crisis of the Later Middle Ages
Centricity -> French and Indian War
Centricity -> The Writing Process

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