The women elected men to join the Great Council, they made decisions for all of the 5 tribes that made up the Iroquois League

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Chapter 2 Study Guide

Test will be Monday, October 7th

1. Who made decisions in the Iroquois League? The women elected men to join the Great Council , they made decisions for all of the 5 tribes that made up the Iroquois League.
2. The three ways people in the Eastern Woodlands used forest resources were: a. food

b. clothing c. water

3. Besides meat, what did animals provide to the people of the Eastern Woodlands? Animals provided not only meat for the people of the Eastern Woodlands, but also skins and fur for clothing.
4. How did the Iroquois people show their deep connections to nature? Iroquois hunters knelt next to the animals they killed and spoke to them and offered thanks for giving themselves for food.
5. What custom did the early Iroquois practice that is still recognized and practiced today? The custom that the Iroquois still recognize and practice is that of the Great Council.
6. How did the Plains people live? The Plains people lived by hunting and farming to provide food and clothing for their families.
7. Why was the buffalo important to the people of the Plains? Buffalo were important to the people of the Plains because they provided them with meat, clothing, blankets, and utensils.
8. How did horses affect the lifestyle of the Cheyenne people? One way that horses affected the lifestyle of the Cheyenne people was that the horses helped them hunt buffalo easier.
9. How did the Cheyenne people measure wealth? They measured wealth by the number of horses owned; the families with the most horses were considered the top class, the wealthy; while those with few to no horses were considered poor.
10. In which state of the Great Plains is the home of many Cheyenne today? Montana, in the Great Plains, is home to many Cheyenne people.
11. What region is mostly hot and arid? The Southwest Desert is mostly hot and arid.
12. Why were mesas important to the Hopi people? Mesas were important to the Hopi people because they offered protection for their villages.
13. What was the Hopi dance and why did the people have a ceremony? The Hopi dance was a ceremony honoring the kachinas and asking for their help.
14. List the details of a Kwakiutl shaman. The Kwakiutl believed that shaman could cure illnesses, they performed dances at the ceremonies, and both men and women could be a shaman.
15. Know what the Iroquois League was and why it was formed. The Iroquois League was formed by a group of six Native American tribes. Its purpose was peace and cooperation. Together, all the members made decisions that affected all of the tribes.
16. Be able to explain why you think longhouses had a central area with shared cooking fires? Many families lived together, it was more economical to share cooking fires, and it was much safer to contain the fire in one place.
17. Be able to compare and contrast a lodge and a tepee. A lodge and a tepee are similar because they are both shelters. They are different because a lodge is a permanent dwelling made of logs and earth and a tepee is a temporary shelter made of animal skins.
18. Explain the high value the Cheyenne placed on horses. Horses helped the Cheyenne change their way of life. They made it easier for them to hunt, travel, and defeat enemies in warfare.
19. Describe the meaning of totem poles to the people of the Northwest Coast. For the people of the Northwest Coast, totem poles tell the story of the lives of each family as well as displays their wealth.

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