A. That’s a difficult one! I think it obviously depends on your line of enquiry, but in my experience finding your initial question can be pretty tough.
Q. How do I go about it, then?
A. Find somewhere comfortable. Go with Jack Whitehead’s ‘Action Research Planner’ tucked under one arm, and if possible a critical friend tucked under the other! Think about one thing that you would like to work on that is manageable. This is hard, because as you will find out, each thing you come up with probably has half a dozen other things tagging along in a block. Try to hone it down though. Talking it through with a critical friend is really helpful here. S/he needs to try to make sure that there are no ambiguities in what you are planning to do.