The usa and European Security

Current US Policy – Key aspects

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Current US Policy – Key aspects

  • Peacekeeping duties require expertise that NATO does not possess

  • NATO’s responsibilities expansion to peacekeeping lacks foundation in international law

  • NATO enlargement & new US initiatives perpetuate dominant role of US in Europe

  • NATO’s operational procedures, devised & rehearsed during cold war, do not guarantee successful accomplishment of its new tasks

    • Ex., as reconstruction process in Bosnia continues, need for civilian policing bodies has supplanted reliance on armed soldiers for deterrence

  • NATO simply does not have police or paramilitary units required for such tasks

  • Similarly, conflict prevention, mediation, & monitoring require very different kinds of expertise than what NATO offers

  • Unless NATO develops its own civilian intervention units or delegates more responsibilities to OSCE, which is tasked with carrying out conflict prevention duties, international community may be unable to implement successful stabilization measures

  • US wants NATO to be able to act without UN Security Council approval as decision making mechanisms - Security Council often paralyzed

  • Its intervention in affairs of nonmembers without either UN or OSCE authorization lacks legal foundation of collective security organization

  • NATO’s subordination to UN is also anchored in alliance’s documents

  • Problem stems from Security Council’s inability to act swiftly & effectively, such as during Bosnia & Kosovo crises

  • Maybe, in future, NATO may also seek authorization from OSCE rather than UN

New Security Policy - Possibilities
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