The United States in 1783



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Gadsden Purchase (1853)


1853: Congress was studying four possible routes for building a transcontinental railroad to the Pacific coast. Supporters of a southern route wanted to extend the railroad at New Orleans westward to California. They pressured Congress into spending $10 million for a small strip of land and the southern end of the Rocky Mountains which would provide a level route to the west coast. The Gadsden Purchase, as the land area was called, was obtained from Mexico by foreign minister James Gadsden. The Gadsden Purchase, now part of southern Arizona and New Mexico, completed the acquisition of land that today makes up the continental United States.



Territory

Country Obtained from…

Year Obtained

Approximate Cost

U.S. in 1783

Britain

1783

Revolutionary war victory

Louisiana Purchase

France

1803

15 million

Spanish Cession

Spain

1819

5 million

Texas Annexation

Mexico

1845

NA

Oregon Country

Britain

1845

NA

Mexican Cession

Mexico

1848

15 million

Gadsden Purchase

Mexico

1853

10million


Contents


The United States in 1783 1

Louisiana Purchase (1803) 1

Land above the Louisiana Purchase (1818) 1

Spanish Cession (1819) 2

Texas Annexation (1845) 2

Oregon Country (1845) 3

Mexican Cession (1848) 3

Gadsden Purchase (1853) 4



Contents 5





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