The Triumph of Jeffersonian Democracy

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“The Triumph of Jeffersonian Democracy” Outline

  1. The Jeffersonian Revolution (1800-1808)

    1. Who ran for president in the election of 1800? (1)

      1. How was the election campaign different from those that came before it? (1)

      1. Who won the election? (1)

        1. What was his agenda? (1)

    1. How was the election of 1800 unique? (2)

      1. How does a presidential candidate win an election according to the Constitution? (2)

        1. Why did Democratic Republicans all cast one vote for Thomas Jefferson and one vote for Aaron Burr? (2)

          1. Who ultimately decided the election? (2)

            1. What ultimately happened to him? (2)

    1. Why was the 12th amendment to the Constitution passed? (3)

      1. What did it do? (3)

    1. How was the election of 1800 revolutionary? (3)

      1. Why do some historians see the election of 1800 as a restoration? (3)

        1. How was the Federalist vision carried on even though the Federalists never again won the presidency? (3-4)

    1. Why did Thomas Jefferson’s critics believe that Jefferson should not have been made president? (4)

      1. Why was Thomas Jefferson called the “Negro President”? (4)

        1. How did the 3/5s compromise benefit the South in the first 50 years of the U.S. after the Constitution was ratified? (4)

    1. How was Jefferson unique? (6)

      1. Why do some historians argue that there were two Jeffersons? (6)

    1. What had united Democratic Republicans before Jefferson became president? (6)

      1. Why would this unity begin to dissolve after 1800? (6)

    1. How did Jefferson feel about the excise tax and what did he do about it when he became president? (7)

      1. What did Jefferson want to do about the national debt? (7)

        1. What did Jefferson do about the tariffs that had been put in place under Washington and Adams’ administrations? (7)

    1. What was the Judiciary Act of 1801? (7)

      1. How did Democrat Republicans view this act? (7-8)

        1. What did they do about it once they came into power in April 1801? (8)

    1. Who was John Marshall? (8)

      1. How did the Democratic Republicans feel about him? (8)

        1. What was he able to do in spite of the fact that the Federalist Party fell apart? (8)

    1. Who was William Marbury? (8)

      1. Why did he lose his job and what did he do about this? (8)

        1. How did Chief Justice Marshall rule in the Marbury v. Madison case? (8)

          1. What is the significance of this decision? (8)

            1. How did this decision trap the Democratic Republicans? (8-9)

    1. Who was Samuel Chase? (9)

      1. What did the Democratic Republicans try to do to him when they came into power? (9)

        1. How come they were unable to do this? (9)

  1. Jefferson’s Foreign Policy, 1801-1804

    1. How did France get Louisiana back from Spain in 1800? (9)

      1. Why did Thomas Jefferson want to buy Louisiana from France? (9)

        1. Why was Napoleon open to Jefferson’s offer? (9-10)

      1. How much did the U.S. pay for the Louisiana territory? (10)

        1. Why did the Louisiana Purchase pose a dilemma for Jefferson? (10)

          1. How were his actions hypocritical? (10)

    1. Who were Lewis and Clark? (10)

      1. Why were they significant? (10)

        1. What assumption did Jefferson, Lewis, and Clark make about Native Americans? (10)

          1. Why was this assumption incorrect? (10-11)

        1. How was Jefferson’s attitude toward Native Americans hypocritical? (11)

          1. Who did Jefferson send to “educate” Native Americans? (11)

            1. How did this violate the Constitution? (11)

          1. How did Jefferson seek to change Native American societies? (11)

            1. What did he threaten would happen if they did not change? (11)

    1. Who were the Barbary Pirates? (12)

      1. How did Jefferson deal with them? (12)

        1. How did his actions contradict his own principles? (12)

        1. How was his response unconstitutional? (12)

    1. What did enslaved Africans do on the island of Haiti in 1791? (12)

      1. Who led them and what did they establish by 1801? (12)

        1. What did Napoleon do because of this? (12)

          1. What did he realize when his plans failed? (12)

          1. How did Jefferson want to take advantage of this situation? (12)

      1. How come Jefferson did not recognize the independent Haitian republic? (12)

        1. What did the slave states do because of this? (12)

    1. How was Jefferson’s attitude in his second term as president different from his attitude in his first? (13)

      1. What was the Battle of Trafalgar of 1805? (13)

        1. How was this significant to French and English relations with the U.S.? (13)

          1. What did the British start doing after the Battle of Trafalgar? (13)

            1. How did most Americans feel about this practice? (13)

      1. What was the Chesapeake Affair of 1807? (13)

        1. How did Americans react to this? (13)

      1. Why did Jefferson propose the Embargo Act in 1807? (13)

        1. What did this act forbid? (13)

          1. Who did this end up hurting? (13)

            1. What ultimately happened to it? (13)

      1. Why did Jefferson propose the Non-Intercourse Act? (14)

        1. What did this act do? (14)

    1. Why did Jefferson’s 1807 Embargo Act fail? (14)

      1. What were the short-term economic results of the Embargo Act? (14)

        1. What were the long-term economic consequences of the Embargo Act? (14)

      1. What were the political consequences of the Embargo Act? (14)

    1. Why do many historians accuse Jefferson of “out-federalizing the Federalists? (14)

      1. Why is Jefferson considered the father of the voluntary two-term tradition? (15)

      1. How has Jefferson remained influential in American political life? (15-16)

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