The Treaty of Versailles Socratic Seminar Background

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The Treaty of Versailles Socratic Seminar


In his April 1917 War Declaration President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed that the intent of American participation was to “make the world safe for democracy.” Yet, some historians portray the Treaty of Versailles as a punitive settlement that abandoned long-term peace for short-term revenge. Some historians claim the United States helped the Allied Powers win the war but then lost the peace, as they attribute the absence of the United States from the League of Nations to be a major contribution to the outbreak of WWII. Could US membership in the League of Nations have prevented WWII? Did the US shirk its responsibility to international peace and democratic protection by rejecting the treaty? Did Senate rejection of the treaty safeguard American democratic rule?

Seminar Prompt: Should the United States have ratified or rejected the Versailles Peace Treaty?
Key Terms:

  1. Wilson’s Fourteen Points

  2. War Guilt Clause

  3. War Reparations

  4. Mandates

  5. Political Party Partisanship

  6. Article 10

  7. Constitutional War-Making Powers

  8. Collective Security

  9. Wilson’s National Speech Circuit

  10. Senator Lodge’s Slow-down Policy

  11. 1918 Mid-term Congressional Election

  12. Reservationists

  13. Irreconcilables

  14. Internationalists

  15. League of Nations


  1. Reservationists

  2. Irreconcilables

  3. Internationalists

  4. President Wilson

Seminar Preparation:

  1. Write a 1 Pager Overview

    1. Reasons for American Involvement in WWI

    2. President Wilson’s justification for treaty ratification

    3. Reservationists’ perspective

    4. Internationalists’ Perspective

    5. Irreconcilables’ Perspective

  1. Personal Perspective Chart

    1. Claim statement

    2. Supporting Evidence Minimum

      1. 2 Secondary

      2. 2 Primary

  1. Must incorporate terms from list above in your 1 Pager and Personal Perspective Chart

Individual Grade (30 pts):

  1. 1 Pager Overview

  2. Personal Perspective Chart

  3. Seminar Contribution Strength

    1. Relevance

    2. Accuracy

    3. Conversation Stimulation

  4. Citizenship

    1. Remain on task during class preparation

    2. Pay attention to opposing views during debate

    3. Keep debate moving forward via questions and follow-up questions

  5. Presentation Skills

    1. Display Higher Level Discussion Skills: support arguments with relevant metaphors and similes, primary sources and use of Ethos, Logos and Pathos.

    2. Dramatic and/or thorough argument presentation

Directory: cfs-filesystemfile.ashx -> key -> telligent-evolution-components-attachments
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telligent-evolution-components-attachments -> The Rise of Constitutional America
telligent-evolution-components-attachments -> Avms all documents below In your analysis identify the event(s)
telligent-evolution-components-attachments -> Directions: Your answer to the following question must be based on the accompanying documents and your understanding of the historical era Outside Knowledge
telligent-evolution-components-attachments -> The Story of Writing One of the most important inventions in human history was undoubtedly the development of writing. Life without this innovation would be unthinkable today
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telligent-evolution-components-attachments -> Read all of the quotes. Choose the four (4) quotes
telligent-evolution-components-attachments -> Analyze the methods that Gandhi and his supporters used to gain

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