2 For the Mosaic Group see: http://mosaic.unomaha.edu/. For an article outlining the analysis framework, using Cuba as an example, see: Larry Press, Grey Burkhart, Will Foster, Seymour Goodman, Peter Wolcott, and Jon Woodard, An Internet Diffusion Framework, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 41, No. 10, pp 21-26, October, 1998, http://som.csudh.edu/fac/lpress/articles/acmfwk/acmfrwk.htm.
3 Secure Internet servers are an indicator of commercial activity, which is nearly non-existent in Cuba.
4 Dirección de Turismo, Comercio y Servicios de Cuba, Tecnologias de la Información y las Communicaciones Uso y Acceso en Cuba, Septiembre 2010, http://www.one.cu/publicaciones/06turismoycomercio/TIC/2009%20TIC%20Uso%20y%20Acceso%20en%20Cuba.pdf.
5 ANUARIO ESTADÍSTICO DE CUBA 2009, Oficina Nacional de Estadisticas, 2010, http://www.one.cu/aec2009/esp/17_tabla_cuadro.htm.
6 Meeker, Mary, Scott Devitt and Liang Wu Ten Questions Internet Execs Should Ask & Answer, Web 2.0 Summit, San Francisco, CA, November 16, 2010, http://www.morganstanley.com/institutional/techresearch/pdfs/tenquestions_web2.pdf.
7 ANUARIO ESTADÍSTICO DE CUBA 2009, Oficina Nacional de Estadisticas, 2010, http://www.one.cu/aec2009/esp/17_tabla_cuadro.htm.
8 This table was completed by a single, anonymous correspondent in Cuba, and should be treated as anecdotal. Further research is needed.
10 For a description of Revolico (www.revolico.com), its history, the Cuban black market and anecdotes about users, see Tim Elfrink and Vanessa Grisalez, Cuba's black market moves online with Revolico.com, Miami Times, Oct 1 2009,http://www.miaminewtimes.com/2009-10-01/news/cuba-s-craigslist-the-island-s-black-market-moves-online-with-revolico-com/. Two other sites, dicuba.com (hosted in Spain) and cu.clasificados.st (registered in Sao Tome & Principe and hosted in the Netherlands), also host Cuban classified ads.
11Cuba Study Group, Empowering the Cuban People through Technology: Recommendations for Private and Public Sector Leaders, July 2010,
12 The Democracy Council in partnership with Internews, Cuba’s Information Technology Opening: A Roadmap for Cyber Diplomacy Engagement and Open Internet Access, January 2011, http://www.democracycouncil.org/xxx.
13 Press, L., We Shape our Tools and they Shape Us (A Cuban Example), OnTheInternet, Vol. 4, No. 2, March/April, 1998, pp. 38-39, http://bpastudio.csudh.edu/fac/lpress/articles/cubanoti.doc.
14 The same held true for Cuba's telephone infrastructure. At the time of the revolution, 73% of Cuban main lines were in Havana, and today that figure is 45%. The Cuban revolution was against Havana, not from Havana, and equality is a primary social goal.
15 Aumenta la capacidad de conexión de la Internet cubana, afirma viceministro, Cubadebate, January 2010, http://www.cubadebate.cu/noticias/2010/01/07/aumenta-la-capacidad-de-conexion-de-la-internet-cubana/.