Deep devotion to one's country--Grows throughout Europe for various reasons (KNOW THESE!!!)
Good: Unites people for common goals
Bad: Destroys multi-ethnic empires and can lead to conquest
Doesn't cause war by itself but can lead to other three factors (IMPERIALISM, ALLIANCES, MILITARISM)
FranceAvenge loss to Germany and get land back, SerbiaUnite Slavic regions, GermanyEstablish as an elite, Russianot inept after Russo-Japanese War and ports, AHAvenge losses to unification of Germany and Italy and to hold together multi-national adding Balkans region.