210. They fixed the portion which they could dismember.
211. This was the reason that the lords obliged the widow to marry
212. Most of the great families had their particular laws of succession.
See what M. de la Thaumassière says concerning the families of Berri.
213. We see in the Capitulary of the year 817, apud Carisiacum, art. 3,
Baluzius's edition, ii, p. 269, the moment in which the kings caused the
fiefs to be administered in order to preserve them for the minors; an
example followed by the lords, and which gave rise to what we have
mentioned by the name of the guardianship of a nobleman's children.
802. See also that of the year 854, art. 13, and others.
215. M. Du Cange in the word hominium, p. 1163, and in the word
fidelitas, p. 474, cites the charters of the ancient homages where these
differences are found, and a great number of authorities which may be
seen. In paying homage, the vassal put his hand on that of his lord, and
took his oath; the oath of fealty was made by swearing on the gospels.
The homage was performed kneeling, the oath of fealty standing. None but
the lord could receive homage, but his officers might take the oath of
fealty. -- See Littleton, §§ 91, 92, faith and homage, that is, fidelity
11 See in the Considerations on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decline of the Romans, 9, how this spirit of Servius Tullius was preserved in the republic. of the Romans, 9, how this spirit of Servius Tullius was preserved in the republic.
12 Dionysius Halicarnassus, Eulogium of Isocrates, ii, p. 97, ed. Wechel. Pollux, viii. 10, art. 130.
13 See Aristotle's Politics, ii. 12.
14 . Ibid, iv. 9.
15 See the oration of Demosthenes, De Falsa legat., and the oration against Timarchus.
16 They used even to draw two tickets for each place, one which gave the place, and the other which named the person who was to succeed, in case the first was rejected.
17 De Leg., i, iii.
18 They were called leges tabulares; two tablets were presented to each citizen, the first marked with an A, for Antique, or I forbid it; and the other with an U and an R, for Uti rogas, or Be it as you desire.
19 At Athens the people used to lift up their hands.
20 As at Venice.
21 The thirty tyrants at Athens ordered the suffrages of the Areopagites to be public, in order to manage them as they pleased. -- Lysias, Orat. contra Agorat. 8.
22 See Dionysius Halicarnassus, iv, ix.
23 See Mr. Addison, Travels to Italy, p. 16.
24 They were named at first by the consuls.
25 This is what ruined the republic of Rome. See Considerations on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decline of the Romans, 14, 16.
26 Tournefort, Voyages.
28 Diodorus, xviii, p. 601, ed. Rhodoman.
29 Ferdinand, king of Aragon, made himself grand master of the orders, and that alone changed the constitution.
30 The Eastern kings are never without vizirs, says Sir John Chardin.