parts; one he gave to his children and grandchildren, another was added
to the two-thirds already bequeathed, and the other two were assigned to
charitable uses. It seems as if he looked upon the immense donation he
was making to the church less as a religious act than as a political
the kings resigned the right of nominating to bishoprics and other
ecclesiastic benefices. The princes gave themselves less trouble
about the ecclesiastic ministers; and the candidates were less
solicitous in applying to their authorities. Thus the church received a
kind of compensation for the possessions she had lost.
the right of choosing their popes, it was owing to the general spirit
that prevailed in his time; he behaved in the same manner to the
see of Rome as to other bishoprics.
14. Of the Fiefs of Charles Martel. I shall not pretend to determine
whether Charles Martel, in giving the church-lands in fief, made a grant
of them for life or in perpetuity. All I know is that under
Charlemagne and Lotharius I there were possessions of that
kind which descended to the next heirs, and were divided among them.
I find, moreover, that one part of them was given as allodia, and the