The Sociological Imagination Multiple-Choice Questions


part of the means of production



Download 71.26 Kb.
Page2/7
Date17.05.2021
Size71.26 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7

part of the means of production.

  • essential for providing services.

  • owned by the intellectual classes.

    ANS: B




    1. In his writings, Karl Marx expressed profound moral outrage over the plight of the

      1. bourgeoisie.

      2. middle class.

      3. proletariat.

      4. intellectual class.

    ANS: C




    1. Marx believed that ________ was the first economic system that could maximize the immense productive potential of human labor and ingenuity.

      1. capitalism

      2. socialism

      3. communism

      4. democracy

    ANS: A




    1. Durkheim observed that as a society industrialized,

      1. class conflict increased.

      2. value-rational action guided behavior.

      3. the means of production shaped life chances.

      4. ties that bound individuals to one another changed in profound ways.

    ANS: D




    1. _________________ is the author of Suicide.

      1. Emile Durkheim

      2. Karl Marx

      3. W.E.B. DuBois

      4. Max Weber

    ANS: A




    1. From a sociological perspective, suicide is

      1. an act of intentionally killing oneself.

      2. the result of personal disappointment and sorrow.

      3. self-hatred actualized.

      4. the severing of relationships.

    ANS: D




    1. The term ___________________ describes a state in which ties attaching individuals to others in the society are weak.

      1. egoistic

      2. altruistic

      3. anomic

      4. fatalistic

    ANS: A




    1. ___________________ suicide occurs when people kill themselves because they have been cast into a lower status.

      1. Egoistic

      2. Altruistic

      3. Anomic

      4. Fatalistic

    ANS: C




    1. ___________________ suicide occurs when individuals kill themselves because they see their futures as hopelessly blocked.

      1. Egoistic

      2. Altruistic

      3. Anomic

      4. Fatalistic

    ANS: D




    1. When people commit __________ suicide, it is on behalf of the group they love more than themselves.

      1. egoistic

      2. altruistic

      3. anomic

      4. fatalistic

    ANS: B




    1. When people are cast into a lower status, they must reduce their requirements, restrain their needs, and practice self-control. This situation describes a(n) ______ situation.

      1. egoistic

      2. altruistic

      3. anomic

      4. fatalistic

    ANS: C




    1. During World War II, Japanese pilots committed suicide by flying small planes into targets. This suicide would qualify as

      1. egoistic.

      2. altruistic.

      3. anomic.

      4. fatalistic.

    ANS: B




    1. A quilt maker may work years creating a one-of-a-kind object from fabrics saved or purchased and then give it to a special person. Weber would classify the quilt maker’s actions as driven by

      1. rationalization.

      2. specialization.

      3. an emotion, such as love, loyalty, or revenge.

      4. value-rational motives.

    ANS: C




    1. Max Weber focused on the Industrial Revolution and its effect on

      1. the means of production.

      2. social actions.

      3. ties that bind individuals to one another.

      4. the color line.

    ANS: B




    1. Weber maintained that with industrialization, behavior was less likely to be guided by __________ and more likely to be instrumental-rational.

      1. efficiency or expediency

      2. subjective meaning

      3. tradition or emotion

      4. rational thought

    ANS: C




    1. Max Weber maintained that the sociologist’s task was to focus on

      1. social facts.

      2. social action.

      3. the broad reasons people pursue goals.

      4. debunking “reality.”

    ANS: B




    1. If an individual pursues a college degree because everyone in his or her family going back five generations is college-educated, the action can be classified as

      1. traditional.

      2. affectional.

      3. value-rational.

      4. instrumental rational

    ANS: A




    1. If an individual pursues college for the love and pleasure of learning, the action is

      1. traditional.

      2. affectional.

      3. value-rational.

      4. instrumental.

    ANS: B




    1. If an individual pursues a college degree taking the easiest classes and paying people to write essays and papers, the action is classified as

      1. traditional.

      2. affectional.

      3. value-rational.

      4. instrumental rational.

    ANS: D




    1. W.E.B. DuBois coined the phrase

      1. the “ties that bind people to one another.”

      2. the “strange meaning of being black.”

      3. the “means of production.”

      4. the “course and consequences of social action.”

    ANS: B




    1. ________________ is the sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others and of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity.

      1. The sociological imagination

      2. A trouble

      3. An issue

      4. Double consciousness

    ANS: D




    1. W.E.B. DuBois described the American Negro as “two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keep its from being torn asunder.” DuBois was describing

      1. the sociological imagination.

      2. a trouble.

      3. an issue.

      4. double consciousness.

    ANS: D




    1. W.E.B. Dubois traced the _________ to the scramble for Africa’s resources, beginning with the slave trade.

      1. color line

      2. double consciousness

      3. troubles

      4. disenchantment

    ANS: A




    1. DuBois wrote that the world was able “to endure this horrible tragedy by deliberately stopping its ears and changing the subject in conversation.” The tragedy was

      1. the scramble for Africa’s resources, including the slave trade.

      2. double consciousness.

      3. mechanization, which left people without jobs.

      4. the carnage of World War I and World War II.

    ANS: A




    1. Which one of the following classical sociologists is credited with founding Hull House?

      1. Karl Marx

      2. Jane Addams

      3. Emile Durkheim

      4. W.E.B. DuBois

    ANS: B




    1. ______________ is first-hand knowledge gained by living and working among those being studied.

      1. Solidarity

      2. Social research

      3. Sympathetic knowledge

      4. Double consciousness

    ANS: C ; study guide





    1. Jane Addams maintained that Hull House

      1. was overall a failed experiment in social engineering.

      2. could not address the needs of the working poor.

      3. Was analogous to a community college.

      4. was the equivalent of an applied university.

    ANS: D




    1. If scientists discover how to control the aging mechanisms and human life expectancy increases to 150 years, the category of people best able to give insights about the consequence of this change would be

      1. the early sociologists.

      2. those born after this discovery is made.

      3. those who live both before and after the discovery.

      4. those born a century or more after the discovery.

    ANS: C




    1. Who believed that the sociologist’s task is to study social facts?

      1. Karl Marx

      2. Emile Durkheim

      3. Jane Addams

      4. W.E.B. DuBois

    ANS: B



    1. Which sociologist believed that every historical period is characterized by a system of production that gives rise to specific types of confrontation between an exploiting and an exploited class?

      1. Karl Marx

      2. Max Weber

      3. Jane Addams

      4. W.E.B. DuBois

    ANS: A




    1. Which sociologist maintained that the sociologist’s task is to analyze and explain the course and the consequences of social action?

      1. Emile Durkheim

      2. Max Weber

      3. Jane Addams

      4. W.E.B. DuBois

    ANS: B




    1. Which sociologist recommended that “Knowing one another better reinforces the common connection of people such that the potential for caring and empathetic moral actions increase”?

      1. Karl Marx

      2. Emile Durkheim

      3. Max Weber

      4. Jane Addams

    ANS: D ; study guide





    1. Who maintained that “The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line”?

      1. Karl Marx

      2. Max Weber

      3. Jane Addams

      4. W.E.B. DuBois

    ANS: D




    1. “The workers have nothing to lose but their chains; they have a whole world to gain. Workers of all countries unite.” These famous lines were expressed by

      1. Karl Marx.

      2. Emile Durkheim.

      3. Max Weber.

      4. W.E.B. DuBois.

    ANS: A




    1. _________ argued that capitalism has unleashed “wonders far surpassing Egyptian pyramids, Roman aqueducts, and Gothic cathedrals.”

      1. Karl Marx

      2. Max Weber

      3. Jane Addams

      4. W.E.B. DuBois

    ANS: A




    1. In analyzing the mobile phone, Emile Durkheim would most likely focus on

      1. the potential of the mobile phone to strengthen and cultivate ties by allowing people to connect 24/7.

      2. the means of production as it relates to wireless phones.

      3. the ways in which people embrace or reject mobile phones as a way of achieving goals.

      4. the ‘scramble’ for the resources needed to produce mobile phones and the ways in which non-European labor is exploited in the process.

    ANS: A




    1. In analyzing the mobile phone, Max Weber would most likely focus on

      1. the potential of the mobile phone to strengthen and cultivate ties by allowing people to connect 24/7.

      2. the means of production as it relates to wireless phones.

      3. the ways in which people embrace or reject mobile phones as a way of achieving goals.

      4. the ‘scramble’ for the resources needed to produce mobile phones and the ways in which non-European labor is exploited in the process.

    ANS: C




    1. In analyzing the mobile phone, Karl Marx would most likely focus on

      1. the potential of the mobile phone to strengthen and cultivate ties by allowing people to connect 24/7.

      2. the means of production as it relates to wireless phones.

      3. the ways in which people embrace or reject mobile phones as a way of achieving goals.

      4. the ‘scramble’ for the resources needed to produce mobile phones and the ways in which non-European labor is exploited in the process.

    ANS: B




    1. Which one of the following assumptions corresponds to a global perspective?

      1. Social interaction stops at national borders.

      2. Globalization is a relatively new phenomenon.

      3. Local events shape the individual biography.

      4. Globally established social arrangements that we never see deliver products and services.

    ANS: D SEC : Global Perspective





    1. The situation in which social activity transcends national borders and in which one country’s problems are part of a larger global situation is known as

      1. global dependency.

      2. globalization.

      3. global interdependence.

      4. global perspective.

    ANS: C SEC : Global Perspective  





    1. Which one of the following statements would be most likely to convince an employer of the worth of a sociology degree?

      1. “I like people, and sociology is about people.”

      2. “I want to work with people. That is why I majored in sociology.”

      3. “I didn’t have to take a statistics course.”

      4. “Among other things, a degree in sociology helps me to identify and project population trends.”

    ANS: D




    1. The distinctiveness of the sociological perspective lies with its focus on

      1. suicide.

      2. the individual.

      3. social forces.

      4. troubles.

    ANS: C



    1. The sociological perspective offers but which one of the following analytical skills?

      1. The ability to anticipate intended and unintended consequences of policies, practices, and technologies

      2. The ability to use the methods of social research to recognize and provide useful information

      3. The ability to focus on the individual without regard to the social context

      4. The ability to avoid using superficial knowledge or personal bias as a basis for making decisions and recommendations that affect others.

    ANS: C






    Share with your friends:
  • 1   2   3   4   5   6   7




    The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
    send message

        Main page