The Situation of Commercial Farm Workers after Land Reform in Zimbabwe


Appendix 1 Country of origin of workers by province



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Appendix 1

Country of origin of workers by province


Province

Zambia

Malawi

Mozambique

Zimbabwe

South Africa

Total

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



19

5

9



-

1

2



11

19


39

44

14



5

2

2



5

39


48

17

30



10

3

1



10

48


71

43

18



75

163


101

63

71



-

-

-



-

-

1



1

-


177

109


71

90

169



107

90

177





Appendix 2

Length of stay by province





Less than 1yr

1-2 yrs

2-5 yrs

5yrs +

Total

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South


Total

16

29

9



7

55

11



44

29

____



200

16

16

2



12

43

37



31

16

____



173

35

16

8



21

34

20



-

16

____



150

108

80

52



50

37

39



15

80

___



461

177

108


71

90

169



107

90

142



____

984



Appendix 3

Orphanhood (both parents deceased)

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



9

10

na



4

6

2



2

4

na =not applicable

Appendix 4

ECEC: Reason for non-attendance


Province

School far away

Lack of funds

Lack of interest

Pregnancy

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



2

-

-



-

3

6



-

1


12

4

6



11

18

9



20

23


3

3

6



1

3

2



-

2


1

-

2



-

2

1



-

1




Appendix 5

ECEC: Source of education assistance





Government

Relatives

N/A

Total

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



6

2

-



1

3

2



-

-


-

1

-



-

5

5



29

1


9

1

8



-

7

2


128

15

4

8



1

15

9



29

129



Appendix 6

Severance package: not received


Province

Not received

Yet to receive

Still employed

N/A

Total

Mash East

Mash West

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat South

Mat North



1

-

-



-

1

3



na

na


16

12

-



2

4

8



na

na


37

69

58



46

123


34

136


-

2

93

7



-

30

40



5

-


56

17

65



48

158


85

141


-

Appendix 7

Reasons for not receiving severance package


Province

Still employed

Mash East

Mash West

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat South

Mat North



37

69

58



46

123


34

136


na


Appendix 8

Monthly wage and allowances


Province

$3,000

$4,300

$7,500

$8,500

Allowances

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



1

-

-



-

-

-



na

-


32

10

6



-

1

4



na

17


33

3

11



6

14

-



na

4


1

2

3



4

21

9



-

1


29

11

5



8

25

25



16

11



Appendix 9

Union membership by province


Province

Number

Per cent

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



39

27

18



23

33

24



42

10


22.0

24.8


25.4

25.6


19.5

22.4


46.2

7.0



Appendix 10

Membership by union: GAPWUZ, ZFTU and others


Province

ZFTU

GAPWUZ

Others

Total

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



-

1

-



7

25

2



1

3


32

26

18



16

6

15



na

7


7

-

-



-

-

-



-

-


39

27

18



23

31

17



1

10



Appendix 11

Major sources of household income


Province

Farm wages

Agric sales

Remittance

Informal trade

Gold panning

Grant

Mash West


Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo


Midlands

Mat North

Mat South


147

69

65



49

125


43

87

140



-

3

-



-

20

22



1

1


-

5

-



-

5

5



-

-


2

3

-



-

3

9



-

-

4

-

-



-

-

3



-

-


11

12

5



1

14

-



-

1




Appendix 12

Other activities to supplement incomes


Province

Piece-work

Informal trade

Crafts

Brick making

Gold panning

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



3

19

7



3

10

4



1

1


3

5

5



1

11

9



-

3


-

3

-



-

5

1



-

1


-

2

-



-

-

-



-

-


-

-

-



-

-

2



-

-



Appendix 13

Major items of expenditure — 2000





Province

Food

Clothing

School fees

Health

Total

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



149

99

60



48

146


92

1

139



14

5

2



2

12

6



90

1


7

2

9



-

7

2



-

1


1

1

-



-

-

1



-

-


171

107


71

50

165



101

91

141





Appendix 14

Contribution of under-15s to household income


Province

Farm worker

Vending

Piece-work

Livestock selling

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



3

3

-



-

4

1



25

-


2

-

-



-

3

2



-

2


-

1

1



1

-

1



19

-


-

-

-



-

-

-



-

2



Appendix 15

Access to arable land


Province

Yes

No

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



65

45

9



29

61

72



20

37


111

62

62



21

107


32

13

104





Appendix 16

Access to arable land by households


Province

0-2 acres

2-4 acres

4-6 acres

Over 6 acres

Total

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



58

39

6



28

22

11



20

21


5

2

-



1

5

13



-

8


1

3

-



-

13

8



-

8


1

1

-



-

21

40



-

-


65

45

6



29

60

70



20

37

Appendix 17

Food shortages and source of food


Province

Experienced food shortage

Sources of food

No.

%

Harvest

Purchase

Relatives

Handouts

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



177

104


71

50

168



104

60

141



100.0

95.5


100.0

55.6


99.4

97.2


65.9

99.3


-

8

6



3

4

4



3

-


166

84

63



46

153


92

56

141



1

9

-



-

6

5



-

-


2

3

-



1

1

3



-

-



Appendix 18

Current meals per day


Province

3 meals

2 meals

1 meal

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



135

10

7



9

21

19



24

51


27

56

55



24

66

36



13

66


2

42

9



17

81

51



4

25





Appendix 19

Future sources of food

Province


Work for food

Remittances

Purchases

Begging

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



100

47

10



24

36

17



88

50


1

5

-



1

4

5



2

1


-

50

37



25

91

36



1

91


-

1

2



-

-

-



-

-




Appendix 20

Household asset ownership





Province

Livestock

Furniture

Bicycles/
scortcarts/
ploughs

None

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



99

2

-



1

41

55



20

11


72

84

-



48

46

24



71

64


41

22

14



1

17

25



14

8


2

-

-



-

65

-



-

-




Appendix 21

Price of a 20kg bucket of maize


Province

Minimum price

Z$

Maximum price

Z$

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



na

200


200

280


500

250


na

na


---

2,500


2,500

1,500


2,800

5,000


-

2,500




Appendix 22

Possession of toilet


Province

No of those having a toilet

Children only/men only use it

All family members use it

No.

%

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



27

71

68



11

46

51



43

142


15.3

65.1


95.8

12.2


27.2

47.3


47.3

100.0


11

3

-



1

3

8



24

4


16

68

68



10

41

49



19

31





Appendix 23

Access to human excreta disposal facility


Province

Yes

Bush

Blair

Makeshift

No.

%

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



na

36

6



43

123


55

45

142


33.0


8.5

47.8


72.8

51.4


49.5

100.0


-

5

2



8

54

53



-

43


-

28

3



24

-

-



-

34


-

3

1



3

-

-



-

4



Appendix 24

How last child delivered


Province

Respondents

Self

Nurse/
hospital

Relatives

Traditional midwife

No.

%

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



109

67

45



35

37

50



26

45


61.6

61.5


63.4

38.9


21.9

46.7


28.6

31.7


7

1

3



1

1

3



4

-


-

38

-



21

35

34



-

40


21

9

6



3

1

8



15

3


1

1

-



10

-

5



7

1





Appendix 25

Patterns of exclusive breastfeeding


Province

Less than 6 months

6-12 months

More than 12 months

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat South

Mat North



13

55

43



32

30

30



35

2


11.5

82.1


95.6

91.4


78.9

63.8


79.5

7.7


67

9

2



2

6

15



7

24


59.3

13.4


4.4

5.7


15.8

31.9


15.9

92.3


32

2

-



1

1

2



3

-


28.3

1.8


-

2.9


2.6

4.3


4.5

-



Appendix 26

Place of immunisation of children


Province

Nowhere

Mobile EPI Team

Clinic

Hospital

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



-

1

-



-

-

-



-

1


36

11

2



3

2

2



3

-


77

49

25



28

21

42



22

27


-

9

16



4

15

6



-

17





Appendix 27

Health growth card prevalence


Province

Yes and verified

Yes but no card

No.

%

No.

%

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



25

65

41



33

10

8



1

45


22.1

97.0


91.1

100.0


26.3

16.0


2.3

100.0


88

2

2



-

28

42



4

-

77.9

3.0


4.4

-

73.7


84.0

9.3


-



Appendix 28

Cases of diarrhoea in previous two weeks


Province

No of cases

Types of remedy

No.

%

Health Centre

SSS

Mash West

Mash East

Mast Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



24

13

18



8

1

7



46

46


13.6

11.9


25.4

10.0


3.0

6.5


50.5

32.4


6

1

9



1

2

1



-

1


-

8

9



8

3

2



5

5



Appendix 29

Children who died aged under five years


Province

Below 1 year

With diarrhoea

With malaria

With other illness

Total

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



9

10

3



6

8

-



30

10


23

9

3



2

1

1



48

2


10

1

-



-

-

1



-

-


-

6

-



6

10

8



-

15


23

16

3



8

11

10



48

17




Appendix 30

Sources of information about HIV-AIDS


Province

None

Radio

Health worker

Health personnel

School

Friends

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



176

108


71

50

117



104

62

141



50

42

26



23

66

64



5

98


27

14

5



10

3

6



30

8


1

29

21



13

33

15



-

12


-

4

2



-

2

3



1

1


-

18

17



4

4

15



1

22



Appendix 31

How HIV-AIDS is transmitted


Province

Unprotected sex

Multiple partners

Sharing razor blades

MosquitoBites

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



3

49

42



18

87

69



39

116


42

46

26



27

26

29



1

26


61

11

1



4

2

-



-

-


1

-

-



1

-

-



46

-


Appendix 32

NGOs operating in area of survey


Province

FCTZ

FOST

FACT

D/K

ORAP

Mash East

Mash West

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat South

*

*

*

*

-

-



-

-

-

-



*

-

-



-

-

-

-



-

*

-

-



-

-

-



*

-

-



-

-

-

-



-

-

-



*



Appendix 33

Forms of support for those affected by HIV-AIDS


Province

Home-based care

Orphan care

Funeral support

Mash West

Mash East

Mash Central

Manicaland

Masvingo

Midlands


Mat North

Mat South



42

49

4



22

11

13



-

51


125

8

1



2

6

7



-

4


-

5

-



-

15

26



-

7






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