The Significance of the gmatt: gmatt is the only Gospel to contain…
Gospel According to Matthew
, chap 5, pp. 103-23)
The Significance of the GMatt:
GMatt is the only Gospel to contain…
The story of the arrival of the magi after Jesus’ birth (2:1-23)
The Sermon on the Mount (5:1-7:29)… including the Beatitudes (5:3-12), the Lord’s Prayer (6:9-13), and the Golden Rule (7:12)
The Great Commission (28:19-20)
GMatt is the
GMatt was a
in the early church…
GMatt is almost always
in collections of the four Gospels…
Historical Background of GMatt:
Author: Matthew? or a disciple of Matthew?
, anonymous (see Matt 9:9; 10:3)
Acc. to church tradition:
(??) and in
Maybe Matthew wrote Q (not GMatt)???
Matthew as a person: tax-collector; also named Levi (Mk 2:14; Lk 5:27); son of Alphaeus (bro of other James?)
Recipients: maybe Antioch of Syria?
Target audience was
heritage (Antioch? Alexandria?)
Very Jewish… but the Greek
version of the OT is quoted
, not the Hebrew
Ignatius of Antioch knows GMatt ~110 AD.
Date: AD 70-90?
After GMark (AD 65-70)
In a context of
between Christian communities & Jewish synagogues.
What is Distinctive about GMatt?
” (16:18; 18:17)… only Gospel to use this word.
Peter figures prominently (Mt 14:28-31; 16:17-19; 17:24-27; 18:21-22)
” (32/37 times) instead of “kingdom of God”
How GMatt uses GMark (see Powell, pp. 110-11): rearranged, abbreviated,
, softened, edited, increased tension, etc.
Major Themes in GMatt:
❶ Abiding Presence of God:
Jesus is born as “Immanuel” = “God with us” (Mt 1:23)
Jesus is worshipped as God (Mt 2:11; 14;33; 28:9, 17; cf. Mt 4:10)
Jesus is present in the church (Mt 18:20; 28:20)
❷ Jesus as the Son of God:
Born as the Son of God (Mt 1:18-25)
Declared from heaven twice to be the Son (Mt 3:17; 17:5; also in GMark)
Challenged as the Son of God in his temptations (Mt 4:1-11)
Proclaimed to be Son of God at key moments (Mt 14:33; 16:15-20; 27:54)
Equal with Father & Spirit (see Trinitarian statement in 28:19)
❸ The Teachings of Jesus:
(chaps: 5-7, 10, 13, 18, 24-25)
More teachings in GMatt than in any other Gospel.
Emphasis on inner purity, not external rituals (Mt 5:8, 20; 9:13; 12:7; 23:23)
Emphasis on practical ethics (see Sermon on the Mount)
❺ Interpretation of OT Scripture:
Knowing & quoting the OT is not sufficient (cf. Satan in 4:6; or religious authorities in 2:3-6; 17:10; 19:7; 21:41-42)
Jesus came to fulfill the OT (5:17-20), not to abolish it
❻ “Binding” and “Loosing” (= commandments are applicable or inapplicable)
Jesus is the true interpreter of the OT (cf. Six Antitheses in Mt 5:21-48)
Jesus’ disciples are authorized to interpret OT scripture (Mt 16:19; 18:18)
❼ Worship & Doubt, Faith & Understanding:
In GMatt, the disciples are often labeled as people of “little faith” (6:30; 8:26; 14:31; 16:8; 17:20)
Doubt (14:31; 28:17) and fear (14:26; 17:7; 28:8) occurs at key moments.
But the “seed of faith” (13:23; 17:20) grows to maturity.
❽ Hostility toward Jewish Leaders:
Jewish leaders (Pharisees, Saducees, scribes, priests, elders) in GMatt are always portrayed negatively.
Harsh criticism of Jewish leaders (e.g., 7 woes in 23:1-39; 27:22-25; 28:15)
Distancing from “their” scribes (7:29) and “their” synagogues (4:23; 10:17; 13:54)
The tension between Jesus &
the Jewish leaders probably
the escalating tension between early Christians & the Jewish synagogue in the decades after the destruction of Jerusalem.
cst130 -> The Acts of the Apostles (Int nt, chap 9, pp. 191-213) Why is “Acts” Significant?
cst130 -> The New Testament World (Int nt, chap 1, pp. 15-45) Post-Exile: The Persian Period
cst130 -> Romans (Int nt, chap 12, pp. 255-271) Why is Romans significant?
cst130 -> Hebrews (Int nt, chap 23, pp. 427-443) Why is Hebrews Significant?
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