The Russian Revolution and the Rise of Communism in Russia Causes of the Russian Revolution Political
The Russian Revolution and the
Rise of Communism in Russia
Causes of the Russian Revolution
Before the Revolution, Russia was an ____________________________________
The leader, _________________________ was incompetent
Industrialization problems: Like?___________________________________________
Landless peasants were treated poorly and were angry
Large gap between the ___________________________ led to the rise of revolutionary movements
____________________: willing to sacrifice everything for radical change. Led by Vladimir Lenin.
_____________________________ in 1905:
Russia and Japan competed for Korea and Manchuria as imperialist powers and Russia lost
led to unrest and revolt at home
1/22/1905: 200,000 workers and their families approached the palace in St. Petersburg asking for _______________________________ from Nicolas
Nicolas’ men fired on the crowd, killing between 500 and 1000 people
________________________________________________upset people in Russia
The March Revolution
March 1917: women textile workers led a city-wide strike and after there were riots over shortages of food and fuel
The protests grew into a rebellion and Nicolas was forced to step down from the throne. He and his family were later executed.
A temporary government was set up to take its place. Chaos ensued.
The Bolshevik Revolution
____________________ led the Red Army of the _______________________________________
Their motto: _________________________________
Bolshevik government changes:
Farmland given to peasants
Workers control the factories
truce with ______________________ to stop the war
Civil War, 1918-1920
Started because Lenin had surrendered a lot of land to Germany in the _______________________
___________________ (Bolsheviks) vs. the ______________________
Red Army wins, but 15 million Russians died in the 3 year war and in the famine that followed
_______________________: Created a new economy that was a mixture of ________________________ __________________. Peasants could sell their extra crops instead of giving them to the government. The government kept control of major industries but let some small factories and businesses operate privately.
Russia organized into ________________________________________________________
1922: formation of the _____________________________________ (USSR)
Bolsheviks renamed the __________________________________
Lenin’s death in 1924 led to a power struggle in the Communist party
Lenin’s Successor: _________________________
Stalin takes control after Lenin dies
Stalin transformed Russia into a _________________ state:
_____________________: a government that has total, centralized control over every aspect of public and private life
Stalin used different techniques to dominate the nation
Secret Police: monitored _________________, read mail, and planted ________________ (even children).
_____________________: many soviet writers, composers, and other artists were not allowed to create anything that went against the state.
____________________: a campaign of terror aimed at eliminating anyone who threatened his power. He had many supposed and/or real enemies killed.
Stalin changed the economy in Russia to ______________________
Stalin wanted to modernize the economy as fast as possible by _____________________________ and increasing _____________________________
_________________: forced factories to meet impossibly high goals for the production of goods in order to promote rapid industrial growth
Collective Farms: by 1928, the government began to seize over 25 million privately owned farms in the USSR and combined them into large, government owned farms called collective farms.
This led to a ______________________ in the USSR.
Stalin remains in control of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party until well into the 1930s.
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