The Russian Revolution and the Rise of Communism in Russia Causes of the Russian Revolution Political

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The Russian Revolution and the Rise of Communism in Russia

Causes of the Russian Revolution

  • Political

    • Before the Revolution, Russia was an ____________________________________

    • The leader, _________________________ was incompetent

  • Economic

  • Social

    • Industrialization problems: Like?___________________________________________

    • Landless peasants were treated poorly and were angry

    • Large gap between the ___________________________ led to the rise of revolutionary movements

      • ____________________: willing to sacrifice everything for radical change. Led by Vladimir Lenin.

  • Military

    • _____________________________ in 1905:

      • Russia and Japan competed for Korea and Manchuria as imperialist powers and Russia lost

      • led to unrest and revolt at home

    • _____________________________, 1905

      • 1/22/1905: 200,000 workers and their families approached the palace in St. Petersburg asking for _______________________________ from Nicolas

      • Nicolas’ men fired on the crowd, killing between 500 and 1000 people

    • WWI

      • ________________________________________________upset people in Russia

The March Revolution

  • March 1917: women textile workers led a city-wide strike and after there were riots over shortages of food and fuel

  • The protests grew into a rebellion and Nicolas was forced to step down from the throne. He and his family were later executed.

  • A temporary government was set up to take its place. Chaos ensued.

The Bolshevik Revolution

  • ____________________ led the Red Army of the _______________________________________

    • Their motto: _________________________________

  • Bolshevik government changes:

    • Farmland given to peasants

    • Workers control the factories

    • truce with ______________________ to stop the war

Civil War, 1918-1920

  • Started because Lenin had surrendered a lot of land to Germany in the _______________________

  • ___________________ (Bolsheviks) vs. the ______________________

  • Red Army wins, but 15 million Russians died in the 3 year war and in the famine that followed

Lenin’s Solutions

  • Economic Changes:

    • _______________________: Created a new economy that was a mixture of ________________________ __________________. Peasants could sell their extra crops instead of giving them to the government. The government kept control of major industries but let some small factories and businesses operate privately.

  • Political Reforms:

    • Russia organized into ________________________________________________________

    • 1922: formation of the _____________________________________ (USSR)

    • Bolsheviks renamed the __________________________________

  • Lenin’s death in 1924 led to a power struggle in the Communist party

Lenin’s Successor: _________________________

  • Stalin takes control after Lenin dies

  • Stalin transformed Russia into a _________________ state:

    • _____________________: a government that has total, centralized control over every aspect of public and private life


  • Stalin used different techniques to dominate the nation

    • Secret Police: monitored _________________, read mail, and planted ________________ (even children).

    • _____________________: many soviet writers, composers, and other artists were not allowed to create anything that went against the state.

    • ____________________: a campaign of terror aimed at eliminating anyone who threatened his power. He had many supposed and/or real enemies killed.

    • Propaganda: ____________________________________________________

    • Religious Persecution


  • Stalin changed the economy in Russia to ______________________

  • Stalin wanted to modernize the economy as fast as possible by _____________________________ and increasing _____________________________

    • _________________: forced factories to meet impossibly high goals for the production of goods in order to promote rapid industrial growth

    • Collective Farms: by 1928, the government began to seize over 25 million privately owned farms in the USSR and combined them into large, government owned farms called collective farms.

      • This led to a ______________________ in the USSR.

The Future

  • Stalin remains in control of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party until well into the 1930s.

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