The Romantic Period (1798-1832) 1 robert burns (1759-1796) 23



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Contents


The Romantic Period (1798–1832) 1

ROBERT BURNS (1759–1796) 23

Corn Rigs an’ Barley Rigs 25

To a Mouse 26

Green Grow the Rashes 28

Holy Willie’s Prayer 28

Willie Brewed a Peck o’ Maut 31

Tam o’ Shanter 32

Afton Water 37

Ae Fond Kiss 37

Ye Flowery Banks 38

Scots, Wha Hae 39

For A’ That and A’ That 39

A Red, Red Rose 40

Auld Lang Syne 41

WILLIAM BLAKE (1757–1827) 42



poetical sketches 44

Song (“How sweet I roamed from field to field”) 44

To the Evening Star 45

Song (“Memory, hither come”) 45

To the Muses 46

songs of innocence 47

Introduction 47

The Lamb 48

The Divine Image 48

The Chimney Sweeper 49

Nurse’s Song 49

Holy Thursday 50

On Another’s Sorrow 50

The Little Black Boy 51

songs of experience 52

Introduction 52

Earth’s Answer 53

The Clod and the Pebble 53

Holy Thursday 54

The Chimney Sweeper 54

Nurse’s Song 55

The Sick Rose 55

The Tiger 55

Ah Sun-Flower 56

The Garden of Love 56

London 57

The Human Abstract 57

Infant Sorrow 58

A Poison Tree 58

To Tirzah 59

A Divine Image 59

The Marriage of Heaven and Hell 60

The Argument 60

A Memorable Fancy 62

Proverbs of Hell 62

from blake’s notebook 65

Never Pain to Tell Thy Love 65

I Asked a Thief 65

Mock on, Mock on, Voltaire, Rousseau 66

Morning 66

And Did Those Feet 66

WILLIAM WORDSWORTH (1770–1850) 67

lyrical ballads 71

We Are Seven 71

Lines Written in Early Spring 72

Expostulation and Reply 73

The Tables Turned 74

To My Sister 75

Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey 76

Preface to the Second Edition 80

Strange Fits of Passion Have I Known 93

She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways 94

Three Years She Grew 94

A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal 95

I Traveled Among Unknown Men 96

Lucy Gray 96

Michael 98

My Heart Leaps Up 108

Written in March 109

Resolution and Independence 109

The Green Linnet 113

Yew Trees 114

I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud 115

Ode: Intimations of Immortality 116

Ode to Duty 122

The Solitary Reaper 124

Elegiac Stanzas 125

sonnets 127

Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802 127

It Is a Beauteous Evening 127

Composed in the Valley near Dover, on the Day of Landing 128

London, 1802 128

The World Is Too Much with Us 128

Surprised by Joy 129

Afterthought 129

Mutability 130

Steamboats, Viaducts, and Railways 130

A Poet!—He Hath Put His Heart to School 131

Extempore Effusion upon the Death of James Hogg 131

The Recluse 133

[“Prospectus”] 133

The Prelude, or Growth of a Poet’s Mind 136

Book I. Introduction—Childhood and Schooltime 137

Book II. Schooltime (continued) 144

Book III. Residence at Cambridge 146

Book IV. Summer Vacation 148

Book V. Books 149

Book VI. Cambridge and the Alps 152

Book VII. Residence in London 155

Book VIII. Retrospect—Love of Nature Leading to Love of Man 157

Book IX. Residence in France 159

Book X. Residence in France (continued) 163

Book XI. France (concluded) 165

Book XII. Imagination and Taste, How Impaired and Restored 169

Book XIII. Imagination and Taste, How Impaired and Restored (concluded) 171

Book XIV: Conclusion 173

SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE (1772–1834) 178

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner 181

Kubla Khan 197

Christabel 199

Frost at Midnight 215

Dejection: An Ode 217

Phantom 221

To William Wordsworth 221

Recollections of Love 224

On Donne’s Poetry 225

Work Without Hope 225

Constancy to an Ideal Object 225

Phantom or Fact 226

Epitaph 227

Biographia Literaria 227

Chapter I 227

Chapter IV 235

Chapter XIII 238

Chapter XIV 239

Chapter XVII 245

Lectures on Shakespeare 248

[Fancy and Imagination in Shakespeare’s Poetry] 248

[Mechanic vs. Organic Form] 250

GEORGE GORDON, LORD BYRON (1788–1824) 252

Written After Swimming from Sestos to Abydos 258

When We Two Parted 258

She Walks in Beauty 259

Stanzas for Music 260

There Be None of Beauty’s Daughters 260

They Say That Hope Is Happiness 260

Darkness 261

Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage 263

Canto I 263

Canto III 265

Canto IV 280

So We’ll Go No More A-Roving 283

Don Juan 283

Canto I 285

Canto II 310

Canto III 328

Canto IV 334

When a Man Hath No Freedom to Fight for at Home 342

Stanzas Written on the Road Between Florence and Pisa 342

JOHN KEATS (1795–1821) 343

On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer 347

Sleep and Poetry 347

On Seeing the Elgin Marbles for the First Time 349

Endymion 349

Book I: A Thing of Beauty 350

Book I: [The “Pleasure Thermometer”] 351

Book IV: O Sorrow 354

In Drear-Nighted December 355

On Sitting Down to Read King Lear Once Again 355

When I Have Fears 356

To Homer 356

The Eve of St. Agnes 357

Bright Star 366

Why Did I Laugh Tonight? 367

La Belle Dame sans Merci 367

On the Sonnet 369

To Sleep 369

On Fame 370

Ode to Psyche 370

Ode on a Grecian Urn 372

Ode to a Nightingale 374

Ode on Melancholy 376

Lamia 377

To Autumn 394

This Living Hand 395



letters 395

To Benjamin Bailey (Nov. 22, 1817) [The Authenticity of the Imagination] 396

To George and Thomas Keats (Dec. 21, 27(?), 1817) [Negative Capability] 398

To John Hamilton Reynolds (Feb. 3, 1818) [Wordsworth’s Poetry] 400

To John Taylor (Feb. 27, 1818) [Keats’s Axioms in Poetry] 401

To John Hamilton Reynolds (May 3, 1818) [Milton, Wordsworth,


and the Chambers of Human Life] 402

To Richard Woodhouse (Oct. 27, 1818) [A Poet Has No Identity] 405

To George and Georgiana Keats (Feb. 14–May 3, 1819)
[“The Vale of Soul-Making”] 406

To Percy Bysshe Shelley (Aug. 16, 1820) [“Load Every Rift with Ore”] 410

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY (1792–1822) 411

Mutability 415

Hymn to Intellectual Beauty 415

Ozymandias 417

Sonnet (“Lift not the painted veil which those who live”) 418

Stanzas Written in Dejection, Near Naples 418

Song to the Men of England 420

England in 1819 421

The Indian Serenade 421

Ode to the West Wind 422

Prometheus Unbound 424

The Cloud 446

To a Skylark 448

Hymn of Pan 451

To Night 452

Music, When Soft Voices Die 453

A Lament 453

When Passion’s Trance Is Overpast 453

Hellas 454

Worlds on Worlds 454

The World’s Great Age 455

Adonais 457

Lines: When the Lamp Is Shattered 470

A Dirge 471

To Jane: The Invitation 471

To Jane: The Keen Stars Were Twinkling 473

A Defense of Poetry 473

romantic lyric poets 487

SIR WALTER SCOTT (1771–1832) 487

Coronach 488

Jock of Hazeldean 489

Proud Maisie 490

ROBERT SOUTHEY (1774–1843) 490

My Days Among the Dead Are Passed 491

WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR (1775–1864) 491

Mother, I Cannot Mind My Wheel 492

Rose Aylmer 492

The Three Roses 493

On Seeing a Hair of Lucretia Borgia 493

Past Ruined Ilion 493

Dirce 494

Twenty Years Hence 494

On His Seventy-fifth Birthday 494

Well I Remember How You Smiled 495

THOMAS MOORE (1779–1852) 495

Believe Me, If All Those Endearing Young Charms 495

The Harp That Once Through Tara’s Halls 496

The Time I’ve Lost in Wooing 496

LEIGH HUNT (1784–1859) 497

The Fish, the Man, and the Spirit 498

Rondeau 499

THOMAS LOVE PEACOCK (1785–1866) 499

The War Song of Dinas Vawr 500

JOHN CLARE (1793–1864) 501

Mouse’s Nest 502

I Am 502

Clock-a-clay 503

Little Trotty Wagtail 503

Song (“I peeled bits of straw and I got switches too”) 504

Secret Love 504

GEORGE DARLEY (1795–1846) 505

The Phoenix 505

Over Hills and Uplands High 506

The Mermaidens’ Vesper Hymn 507

THOMAS LOVELL BEDDOES (1803–1849) 508

Song (“How many times do I love thee, dear?”) 508

Song (“Old Adam, the carrion crow”) 509

The Phantom Wooer 509

Threnody 510



romantic essayists 511

WILLIAM HAZLITT (1778–1830) 511

My First Acquaintance with Poets 513

On Shakespeare and Milton 530

The Fight 539

THOMAS DE QUINCEY (1785–1859) 547

On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth 549

On Murder Considered as One of the Fine Arts. Second Paper 553

The English Mail Coach 564

II. The Vision of Sudden Death 564

III. Dream-Fugue Founded on the Preceding Theme of Sudden Death 571

CHARLES LAMB (1775–1834) 578

Christ’s Hospital Five-and-Thirty Years Ago 580

New Year’s Eve 592

On the Artificial Comedy of the Last Century 597

Old China 602



topics in romantic literature 607

THE SATANIC AND BYRONIC HERO 607

John Milton: [Satan] 608

romantic comments on milton’s satan 608

William Blake 608

Percy Bysshe Shelley 609

Samuel Taylor Coleridge 610



the evolution of the byronic hero 611

Ann Radcliffe: [The Italian Villain] 611

Lord Byron: Lara 612

THE ART OF ROMANTIC POETRY 614



comments on the poetic process 615

William Blake 615

William Wordsworth 616

Samuel Taylor Coleridge 616

Lord Byron 618

Edward J. Trelawny: [Shelley on Composing] 619

Thomas Medwin: [Shelley’s Self-Hypercriticism] 619

Richard Woodhouse: [Keats on Composing] 620



poems in process: manuscripts and early versions 621

William Blake: The Tiger 621

William Wordsworth: She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways 623

Samuel Taylor Coleridge: Dejection: An Ode 624

Lord Byron: Don Juan 625

Percy Bysshe Shelley: A Lament 626

John Keats: The Eve of St. Agnes 628

The Victorian Age (1832–1901) 631

THOMAS CARLYLE (1795–1881) 647

[Carlyle’s Portraits of His Contemporaries] 653

[American Visitors: Daniel Webster at 57] 653

[American Visitors: Ralph Waldo Emerson at 30] 653

[American Visitors: Emerson at 44] 654

[American Visitors: Bronson Alcott at 42] 654

[Royalty: King William IV at 69] 655

[Royalty: Queen Victoria at 18] 655

[English Men of Letters: Charles Lamb at 56] 655

[English Men of Letters: Samuel Taylor Coleridge at 53] 656

[English Men of Letters: William Wordsworth in His Seventies] 660

[English Men of Letters: Alfred Tennyson at 34] 663

[English Men of Letters: William Makepeace Thackeray at 42] 664

Characteristics 664

Sartor Resartus 675

Chapter VII. The Everlasting No 675

Chapter IX. The Everlasting Yea 682

The French Revolution 690

September in Paris 690

Place de la Révolution 694

Cause and Effect 698

Past and Present 700

Democracy 700

Captains of Industry 705

ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON (1809–1892) 711

The Kraken 715

Mariana 716

Sonnet (“She took the dappled partridge flecked with blood”) 718

The Lady of Shalott 718

The Lotos-Eaters 722

You Ask Me, Why, Though Ill at Ease 727

Morte d’Arthur 727

The Epic 727

Morte d’Arthur 729

Ulysses 735

Tithonus 737

Break, Break, Break 739

Locksley Hall 739

Move Eastward, Happy Earth 745

Lines (“Here often, when a child I lay reclined”) 746

The Eagle 746

the princess 746

Sweet and Low 746

The Splendor Falls 747

Tears, Idle Tears 747

Ask Me No More 748

Now Sleeps the Crimson Petal 748

Come Down, O Maid 749

In Memoriam A. H. H. 750

The Charge of the Light Brigade 771

Maud 772


VIII (“She came to the village church”) 772

XVI (“Catch not my breath, O clamorous heart”) 773

XVIII (“I have led her home, my love, my only friend”) 773

In the Valley of Cauteretz 775

Idylls of the King 775

Dedication 775

In Love, If Love Be Love 777

Northern Farmer: New Style 777

Flower in the Crannied Wall 779

The Revenge 779

Rizpah 782

To Virgil 785

“Frater Ave atque Vale” 787

To E. FitzGerald 787

By an Evolutionist 788

June Bracken and Heather 789

The Dawn 790

The Silent Voices 790

Crossing the Bar 791

ROBERT BROWNING (1812–1889) 791

Porphyria’s Lover 798

Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister 799

My Last Duchess 801

The Lost Leader 802

How They Brought the Good News from Ghent to Aix 803

Home-Thoughts, from Abroad 805

Home-Thoughts, from the Sea 806

The Bishop Orders His Tomb at Saint Praxed’s Church 806

Meeting at Night 809

Parting at Morning 810

A Toccata of Galuppi’s 810

Memorabilia 812

Women and Roses 813

“Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came” 814

Love Among the Ruins 820

Up at a Villa—Down in the City 822

Respectability 824

Fra Lippo Lippi 825

In a Year 833

The Last Ride Together 835

Andrea del Sarto 838

Two in the Campagna 844

A Grammarian’s Funeral 846

Confessions 849

Youth and Art 850

Caliban upon Setebos 852

Prospice 860

Abt Vogler 860

Rabbi Ben Ezra 864

Apparent Failure 869

O Lyric Love 870

The Householder 871

To Edward FitzGerald 872

Epilogue to Asolando 872

MATTHEW ARNOLD (1822–1888) 873

To a Friend 879

Shakespeare 879

The Forsaken Merman 880

Memorial Verses 883

Longing 885

Isolation. To Marguerite 885

To Marguerite—Continued 886

The Buried Life 887

Lines Written in Kensington Gardens 889

Philomela 890

Requiescat 891

The Scholar Gypsy 892

Thyrsis 898

Dover Beach 904

Palladium 905

The Better Part 906

Growing Old 906

The Last Word 907

The Function of Criticism at the Present Time 908

Maurice de Guérin 927

[A Definition of Poetry] 927

On the Study of Celtic Literature 929

[The Function of a Professor] 929

Culture and Anarchy 930

Chapter I. Sweetness and Light 930

Chapter II. Doing As One Likes 932

Wordsworth 935

The Study of Poetry 947

Literature and Science 969



lyric and narrative poetry 986

ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING (1806–1861) 987

Sonnets from the Portuguese 987

22 (“When our two souls stand up erect and strong”) 987

43 (“How do I love thee? Let me count the ways.”) 988

EMILY BRONTË (1818–1848) 988

Remembrance 989

The Prisoner 989

No Coward Soul Is Mine 991

COVENTRY PATMORE (1823–1896) 992

The Angel in the House 992

The Spirit’s Epochs 992

The Kiss 992

The Unknown Eros 993

Magna Est Veritas 993

A Farewell 993

DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI (1828–1882) 994

The Blessed Damozel 995

My Sister’s Sleep 998

The Woodspurge 1000

The House of Life 1000

The Sonnet 1000

4. Lovesight 1001

19. Silent Noon 1001

49. Willowwood—I 1001

63. Inclusiveness 1002

71. The Choice—I 1002

72. The Choice—II 1002

73. The Choice—III 1003

97. A Superscription 1003

101. The One Hope 1003

She Bound Her Green Sleeve 1004

The Orchard-Pit 1004

CHRISTINA ROSSETTI (1830–1894) 1005

Song (“When I am dead, my dearest”) 1005

After Death 1006

A Birthday 1006

Uphill 1007

A Life’s Parallels 1007

Sleeping at Last 1007

GEORGE MEREDITH (1828–1909) 1008

Modern Love 1008

1 (“By this he knew she wept with waking eyes”) 1008

2 (“It ended, and the morrow brought the task”) 1009

3 (“This was the woman; what now of the man?”) 1009

15 (“I think she sleeps: it must be sleep, when low”) 1009

16 (“In our old shipwrecked days there was an hour”) 1010

17 (“At dinner, she is hostess, I am host.”) 1010

50 (“Thus piteously Love closed what he begat”) 1011

Dirge in Woods 1011

Lucifer in Starlight 1011

WILLIAM MORRIS (1834–1896) 1012

Christ Keep the Hollow Land 1012

The Haystack in the Floods 1013

I Know a Little Garden-Close 1017

The Earthly Paradise 1017

An Apology 1017

A Death Song 1018

For the Bed at Kelmscott 1019

EDWARD FITZGERALD (1809–1883) 1020

The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám 1021

ARTHUR HUGH CLOUGH (1819–1861) 1032

Epi-strauss-ium 1033

The Latest Decalogue 1034

Say Not the Struggle Nought Availeth 1034

Dipsychus 1035

I Dreamt a Dream 1035

“There Is No God,” the Wicked Saith 1037

ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE (1837–1909) 1038

Atalanta in Calydon 1039

When the Hounds of Spring 1039

Before the Beginning of Years 1040

The Triumph of Time 1041

I Will Go Back to the Great Sweet Mother 1041

Hymn to Proserpine 1043

In Memory of Walter Savage Landor 1046

The Garden of Proserpine 1047

An Interlude 1050

WILLIAM ERNEST HENLEY (1849–1903) 1051

In Hospital 1051

Waiting 1051

Invictus 1052

Madam Life’s a Piece in Bloom 1052

FRANCIS THOMPSON (1859–1907) 1053

The Hound of Heaven 1053

The Kingdom of God 1058



nonsense verse 1059

EDWARD LEAR (1812–1888) 1059

How Pleasant to Know Mr. Lear 1059

Limerick (“There was a young man in Iowa”) 1060

The Jumblies 1060

Cold Are the Crabs 1062

LEWIS CARROLL (1832–1898) 1062

Jabberwocky 1063

[Humpty Dumpty’s Explication of Jabberwocky] 1064

The White Knight’s Song 1065

The Walrus and the Carpenter 1067

The Hunting of the Snark 1069

The Baker’s Tale 1069

Anagrammatic Sonnet 1071



critical and controversial prose 1072

JOHN HENRY CARDINAL NEWMAN (1801–1890) 1073

The Idea of a University 1074

Discourse V. Knowledge Its Own End 1074

Discourse VII. Knowledge Viewed in Relation to Professional Skill 1076

Apologia Pro Vita Sua 1082

[Doubt and Faith] 1082

Liberalism 1086

JOHN STUART MILL (1806–1873) 1088

Coleridge 1090

On Liberty 1092

Chapter III. Of Individuality As One of the Elements of Well-Being 1092

Autobiography 1104

Chapter V. A Crisis in My Mental History. One Stage Onward 1104

JOHN RUSKIN (1819–1900) 1113

Modern Painters 1114

[“The Slave Ship”] 1114

Of the Pathetic Fallacy 1115

The Stones of Venice 1117

[The Savageness of Gothic Architecture] 1117

THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY (1825–1895) 1130

A Liberal Education 1132

[A Game of Chess] 1132

An Address on University Education 1134

[The Function of a Professor] 1134

Science and Culture 1136

Agnosticism and Christianity 1144

WALTER PATER (1839–1894) 1149

The Renaissance 1150

Preface 1150

[“La Gioconda”] 1154

Conclusion 1156

Appreciations 1159

Style 1159



topics in victorian literature 1164

EVOLUTION 1164

Charles Darwin: The Descent of Man 1164

[Natural Selection and Sexual Selection] 1164

John Tyndall: The Belfast Address 1169

[Darwin’s Method of Argument] 1169

Leonard Huxley: The Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley 1170

[The Huxley-Wilberforce Debate at Oxford] 1170

Sir Edmund Gosse: Father and Son 1174

[The Dilemma of the Fundamentalist and Scientist] 1174

INDUSTRIALISM: PROGRESS OR DECLINE? 1177

Charles Dickens: Hard Times 1177

[Coketown] 1177

Charles Kingsley: Alton Locke 1179

[A London Slum] 1179

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: The Communist Manifesto 1180

[Bourgeois and Proletarians] 1180

Thomas Babington Macaulay: A Review of Southey’s Colloquies 1190

[Evidence of Progress] 1190

Herbert Spencer: Social Statics 1196

[Progress Through Individual Enterprise] 1196

Since 1890 1198



the nineties 1211

OSCAR WILDE (1856–1900) 1212

Impression du Matin 1214

Hélas 1215

E Tenebris 1215

The Harlot’s House 1216

The Critic as Artist 1217

Preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray 1226

ERNEST DOWSON (1867–1900) 1228

[Cynara] 1228

To One in Bedlam 1229

LIONEL JOHNSON (1867–1902) 1230

The Precept of Silence 1231

Mystic and Cavalier 1231

The Dark Angel 1232

tradition and experiment in poetry, 1870–1920 1235

GERARD MANLEY HOPKINS (1844–1889) 1235

God’s Grandeur 1239

The Starlight Night 1239

Spring 1240

Pied Beauty 1240

The Lantern Out of Doors 1241

The Windhover 1241

Binsey Poplars 1242

Duns Scotus’s Oxford 1243

Felix Randal 1243

Spring and Fall 1244

[Carrion Comfort] 1245

No Worst, There Is None 1245

[Thou Art Indeed Just, Lord] 1246

THOMAS HARDY (1840–1928) 1246

Hap 1249

Neutral Tones 1249

I Look into My Glass 1250

A Broken Appointment 1250

Drummer Hodge 1251

Lausanne 1251

The Darkling Thrush 1252

She Hears the Storm 1253

Channel Firing 1253

The Convergence of the Twain 1254

Ah, Are You Digging on My Grave? 1256

The Walk 1257

During Wind and Rain 1257

In Time of “The Breaking of Nations” 1258

Snow in the Suburbs 1258

A. E. HOUSMAN (1859–1936) 1259

Loveliest of Trees 1260

When I Was One-and-Twenty 1260

Bredon Hill 1261

The Lent Lily 1262

On Wenlock Edge 1262

Terence, This Is Stupid Stuff 1263

The Chestnut Casts His Flambeaux 1265

Could Man Be Drunk Forever 1265

Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries 1266

RUDYARD KIPLING (1865–1936) 1266

Danny Deever 1267

Recessional 1268

Edgehill Fight 1269

D. H. LAWRENCE (1885–1930) 1270

Bavarian Gentians 1271

Snake 1271



the georgians 1274

EDWARD THOMAS (1878–1917) 1274

Tears 1274

The Owl 1275

Ambition 1275

RUPERT BROOKE (1887–1915) 1276

Heaven 1277

The Soldier 1277

WILFRED OWEN (1893–1918) 1278

Anthem for Doomed Youth 1278

Strange Meeting 1279

ISAAC ROSENBERG (1890–1918) 1280

Louse Hunting 1280

WALTER DE LA MARE (1873–1956) 1281

The Listeners 1281

An Epitaph 1282

All That’s Past 1283

GEORGE BERNARD SHAW (1856–1950) 1284

Preface to Plays Pleasant 1287

Arms and the Man 1289

WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS (1865–1939) 1338

The Stolen Child 1342

The Rose of the World 1344

The Lake Isle of Innisfree 1344

When You Are Old 1345

The Man Who Dreamed of Faeryland 1345

The Folly of Being Comforted 1346

Adam’s Curse 1347

The Old Men Admiring Themselves in the Water 1348

No Second Troy 1348

The Fascination of What’s Difficult 1348

September 1913 1349

To a Shade 1350

The Cold Heaven 1351

The Wild Swans at Coole 1351

Easter 1916 1352

On a Political Prisoner 1354

The Second Coming 1355

A Prayer for My Daughter 1356

Sailing to Byzantium 1358

Leda and the Swan 1359

Among School Children 1360

A Dialogue of Self and Soul 1362

For Anne Gregory 1363

Byzantium 1364

Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop 1366

After Long Silence 1366

Lapis Lazuli 1367

Long-legged Fly 1368

The Circus Animals’ Desertion 1369

Under Ben Bulben 1370

Reveries over Childhood and Youth 1373

[The Yeats Family] 1373

[An Irish Literature] 1376

The Trembling of the Veil 1377

[London and Pre-Raphaelitism] 1377

[Oscar Wilde] 1379

[The Handiwork of Art] 1380

[The Origin of The Lake Isle of Innisfree] 1382

[The Rhymers’ Club] 1383


JAMES JOYCE (1882–1941) 1384


Araby 1390

A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man 1396

[The Interview with the Director] 1396

[The Walk on the Shore] 1403

Ulysses 1409

[Proteus] 1409

[Lestrygonians] 1426

Finnegans Wake 1458

Anna Livia Plurabelle 1458

T. S. ELIOT (1888–) 1463

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock 1467

Landscapes 1470

Rannoch, by Glencoe 1470

Cape Ann 1471

Sweeney Among the Nightingales 1471

Whispers of Immortality 1473

The Waste Land 1474

Journey of the Magi 1491

Marina 1492

Four Quartets 1494

Little Gidding 1494

Tradition and the Individual Talent 1501

The Metaphysical Poets 1508

The Three Voices of Poetry 1516



directions in modern fiction 1529

JOSEPH CONRAD (1857–1924) 1529

The Secret Sharer 1531

KATHERINE MANSFIELD (1888–1923) 1564

The Daughters of the Late Colonel 1565

D. H. LAWRENCE (1885–1930) 1582

The Rocking-Horse Winner 1584

VIRGINIA WOOLF (1882–1941) 1597

The Mark on the Wall 1598

E. M. FORSTER (1879–) 1604

The Road from Colonus 1606

poetry since 1930 1616

W. H. AUDEN (1907–) 1616

This Lunar Beauty 1617

Petition 1618

Look, Stranger 1618

In Father’s Footsteps 1619

Spain 1937 1619

Musée des Beaux Arts 1622

As He Is 1622

Lay Your Sleeping Head, My Love 1624

Voltaire at Ferney 1625

In Memory of W. B. Yeats 1626

Their Lonely Betters 1628

LOUIS MacNEICE (1907–) 1628

Sunday Morning 1629

The Sunlight on the Garden 1629

Bagpipe Music 1630

DYLAN THOMAS (1914–1953) 1631

The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower 1632

After the Funeral 1633

In My Craft or Sullen Art 1634

A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London 1635

Poem in October 1635

topic in literature since 1890 1638

THE CRITICAL REVOLT AGAINST ROMANTICISM AND IMPRESSIONISM 1638

T. E. Hulme: Romanticism and Classicism 1642

I. A. Richards: Practical Criticism 1645

Part I. Introductory 1645

F. R. Leavis: Revaluation 1652

Chapter 6. Shelley 1652

William Empson: Seven Types of Ambiguity 1658

[Wordsworth] 1658

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHIES 1661

A NOTE ON LITERARY FORMS AND USAGE 1675

INDEX 1685



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