The Restoration Stela of Pharaoh Tutankhamun

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The Restoration Stela of Pharaoh Tutankhamun

“…… He restored everything that was ruined, to be his monument forever and ever. He has vanquished chaos from the whole land and has restored Ma'at to her place. He has made lying a crime, the whole land being made as it was at the time of creation.

Now when His Majesty was crowned King the temples and the estates of the gods and goddesses from Elephantine as far as the swamps of Lower Egypt had fallen into ruin.

Their shrines had fallen down, turned into piles of rubble and overgrown with weeds. Their sanctuaries were as if they had never existed at all.

Their temples had become footpaths. The world was in chaos and the gods had turned their backs on this land.

If an army was sent to Djahy to extend the boundaries if Egypt, it would have no success. If you asked a god for advice, he would not attend; and if one spoke to a goddess likewise she would not attend. Hearts were faint in bodies because everything that had been, was destroyed.

…… He renewed their sanctuaries as his monuments forever and ever, endowing them with offerings forever, laying aside for them divine offerings daily, laying aside bread from the earth. He added great wealth on top of that which existed before, doing more than his predecessors had ever done.

He allocated waab-priests, God's Servants and the heirs of the Chiefs of the Cities to be the sons of wise men whose reputation is established. He has enriched their tables with gold and silver, bronze and copper without limit. He has filled their storehouses with male and female workers and with His Majesty's booty.

He has added to the wealth of every temple, doubling, trebling and quadrupling the silver, gold, lapis lazuli, turquoise and every noble precious stone, together with byssus, white linen, ordinary linen, oil, fat, resin, incense, perfumes and myrrh without limit. ……”

Publisher's Note

The above text is an extract from the Restoration Stela of Tutankhamun at Karnak.

In reality, the boy pharaoh Tutankhamun was much too young to have originally authored this Restoration Stela. When Horemheb ascended the throne of Egypt as the last pharaoh of the XVIIIth Dynasty, he usurped the stela by overcarving his name in two places in the Five Horus Names of Tutankhamun.

If one examines the textual style of the royal proclamations and decrees of Horemheb after he ascended the throne, they are in ideological terms and descriptive tone very similar to Tutankhamun's Restoration Stela.

It is therefore not a great stretch to attribute the original authorship of the Restoration Stela to Tutankhamun's then General of the Armies Horemheb.


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