The Restoration of England took place from 1660-1685 (The Background For Colonization, 3). This was King Charles II reign which was called the Restoration Monarchy (The Background For Colonization, 3). King Charles actually inherited the throne when he was eighteen years old, but Charles was sentenced to exile and England and England was now considered a republic (Love, 1). During this time Oliver Cromwell Ran the republic of England (Love, 1). Because of these reasons Charles did not take the crown until 1660 (Love, 1). During the Restoration, the “Act of Uniformity” made it so Bishops unable to participate in communion (1660: Restoration, 1). The Restoration let Britain have a stronger grip of control over the North American colonies (Inventing America, 83).
The Restoration in England had many different effects on the North American colonies including North and South Carolina, New York, and Pennsylvania. In the Carolinas, Charles II gave some of his supporters’ titles to land between Virginia and Florida (Inventing America, 83). In New York the land between Connecticut and the Delaware River was given to the Duke of York, or James, Charles II brother (Inventing America, 84). The land where Pennsylvania now sits was given to William Penn, a Quaker by religion from King Charles II (Inventing America, 84). All of these areas were affected by the Restoration in England and King Charles II.
North Carolina was first settled by Algonquian Indian tribes along the Atlantic Coast (North Carolina History, 1). Then the English settlers who were immigrants from Virginia came in 1650 (North Carolina History, 1). This land was granted to Sir Robert Heath, the attorney general, in 1629 (North Carolina Government and Politics-History, 1). Then in 1663 another charter was granted and was given to eight Englishmen from Charles II (North Carolina History, 1). King Charles II played a large roll in the development and colonization of North Carolina.
The charter that was given to the eight Englishmen for the territory of North Carolina was also included in the territory of South Carolina (South Carolina: 7. History, 1).