The renaissance



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HI203 THE EUROPEAN WORLD 1500-1750
THEME 3: CULTURE

THE RENAISSANCE



QUESTIONS


  • What was the Renaissance?

  • What was humanism?

  • How did the Renaissance develop and spread?

  • What were the legacies of the Renaissance?


WHAT WAS THE RENAISSANCE?

Cicero


renovatio

Petrarch


Boccaccio, Decameron

Giotto


Giorgio Vasari, Preface, The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors and Architects (1550)

Wallace K. Ferguson, The Renaissance (New York, 1940), p. 2

Jules Michelet

Jacob Burckhardt

Georg Hegel

E. H. Gombrich, ‘The Renaissance - Period or Movement?’, in A.G. Dickens et al., Background to the English Renaissance. Introductory Lectures (London, 1974), pp.9-30

Randolph Starn, ‘Renaissance Redux’, The American Historical Review 103 (1998), 122-124
WHAT WAS HUMANISM?

studia humanitatis: grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, and moral philosophy.
HOW DID THE RENAISSANCE DEVELOP AND SPREAD?

Padua, Arezzo, Bologna, and Verona.

Virgil and Cicero

Manual Chrysoloras

Leonardo Bruni

Poggio Bracciolini

Angelo Poliziano

Aristotle’s Politics and Ethics

Livy

Leonardo Bruni, History of the Florentine People.



Francesco Guicciardini

Marsilio of Padua

Coluccio Salutati

Thucydides

Machiavelli

Platonic


Marsilio Ficino

Platonic Academy of Florence

Gasparino Barzziza

Guarino Guarini da Verona

Vittorino da Feltre

Filippo Brunelleschi

Vitruvius

Pantheon

Leon Battista Alberti

Michelangelo

Donatello

Mantegna

Ghiberti

Masaccio

Uccello

Piero della Francesca

Leonardo da Vinci

Michelangelo

Enea Silvio Piccolomini

Emperor Frederick III

Matthias Corvinus

Francis I

School of Fontainebleau: Rosso Fiorentino; Francesco Primaticcio; Cellini.

Rodolphus Agricola

Pavia and Ferrara

Johann Reuchlin

Willibald Pirckheimer

William Grocyn

Thomas Linacre

John Colet

Eramus

Dürer


Antonello da Messina

van der Goes

Portinari Altarpiece

Giambologna


WHAT WERE THE LEGACIES OF THE RENAISSANCE?

Shakespeare

Cervantes

Alister E. McGrath, Reformation Thought: An Introduction, 2nd ed. (Oxford, 1993), p. 40

Erasmus’ Enchiridion militis Christiani (Handbook of the Christian Soldier) of 1503

Ad fontes (to the sources)

Greek New Testament

Lorenzo Valla

Vulgate


Luther

Zwingli


Botticelli’s Birth of Venus

Aby Warburg, The Renewal of Pagan Antiquity, trans. David Britt, with an introduction by Kurt W. Forester, 2 vols (1932; English translation: Oxford, 1999)

Edgar Wind, Pagan Mysteries in the Renaissance (New Haven, 1958)

Jean Seznec, The Survival of the Pagan Gods: The Mythological Tradition and its Place in Renaissance Humanism and Art, trans. Barbara F. Sessions (New York, 1953; rept. New York, 1961) [Available online at http://www.archive.org/details/survivalofthepag008844mbp]




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