The Renaissance Fall of the Roman Empire

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How did the culture of

Medieval Europe develop and why did it change over time?

The Renaissance

Fall of the Roman Empire

  • Return to civilization

  • Stronger governments

  • Modern nations develop

  • Increased time for individuals to pursue studies in science, art, history, politics etc.

  • Barbarian Invasions

  • Weak military

  • Economic collapse

  • Over expansion

  • Overspending

  • Government corruption

  • Rise of Christianity

The High Middle-Ages 1050-1300 AD

Early Middle-Ages 500-1050 AD

Late Middle- Ages 1300-1500 AD

Populations Stabilize

Revival of Towns and Trade

Rediscovery of Literacy, Language and Learning

The Catholic Church becomes the stabilizing force throughout Europe

Cities Abandoned: Exodus to the Country Side

Collapse of Trade

Feudalism (900-1400)

The social, political and economic system that provided labor for land owners and protection for peasants.

The Crusades (1095-1291)

Military campaigns organized by the Roman Catholic Church with the goal of restoring access to holy lands.

The Inquisition


Organized trials conducted by the Roman Catholic Church to combat heresy.

  • Improved farming methods (Three-field system, horsepower, improved plow)

  • Increased food supply

  • Population growth- longer life spans

  • Local governance

  • Spiritual guidance in a chaotic time.

  • Learning confined to church texts from clergy. No access for laymen.

  • Church grows corrupt over time

  • Learning expands beyond confines of Church texts

  • Rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman texts

  • Universities become centers of learning

  • From a focus on survival to prosperity, organization, use of time

  • Crusades reopen trade routes and access to diverse goods

  • Localized Focus:

  • Concern on daily survival

  • Local languages (vernacular) replace Latin as a common language

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