The Renaissance and the Age of Exploration, 1450-1520


Chapter 12 Chapter 13



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Chapter 12

Chapter 13

Chapter 13 Cont.

Chapter 15 pp. (502-19)

Scholasticism

Feudalism

Guilds


Roman Law Code

Magna Carta

The Great Famine

Black Death

Flagellants

Hundred Years’ War

Joan of Arc

House of Commons

Babylonian Captivity

Great Schism

Conciliar Movement

Jan Hus


John Wyclif

Lollardism

Fur-collar crime

Jacquerie

English Peasants Revolt of 1381

Vernacular

Christine de Pisan


Renaissance

Jacob Burckhardt’s Theory

Italian city-states


  • Florence

  • Papal States

  • Venice

  • Naples

Oligarchy

Characteristics of Italian Renaissance



Lorenzo Valla

Boccaccio

Michelangelo

Da Vinci


Raphael

Brunelleschi



Castiglione’s The Courtier

Machiavelli’s The Prince

Johan Gutenberg

Francisco Petrarch

Savanarola




Women and the Renaissance

  • Isabella d’Este

  • Laura Cereta

Northern Renaissance

Christian Humanism

Thomas More’s Utopia



Desiderius Erasmus

Francois Rabelais

Jan Van Eyck

New Monarchs


  • Charles VII (France)

  • Louis XI (France)

  • Henry VII (England)

  • Ferdinand & Isabella of Spain

taile

War of the Roses

Star Chamber

Reconquista

Hermandades


Prince Henry the Navigator

Technological stimuli for exploration



  • Caravel

  • Portoloni

  • Weaponry

Motives for exploration

  • Spice trade

Christopher Columbus

Ferdinand Magellan

Bartholomew Diaz

Hernan Cortez

Francisco Pizarro

Joint stock company

Viceroyalty

Columbian Exchange

Great European Witch Hunt

Bartolome de las Casas



Asiento system

mercantilism





THEMATIC COURSE OUTLINE TOPICS FOR UNIT ONE

These topics should be a guide as you read through the textbook chapters. Keep your focus on these topics as you create your outlines and disregard information from the textbook chapters unrelated to these topics.




I. Later Middle Ages* (covered in Ch. 12)

Note: The AP Exam does not test on information before 1450 but an understanding of these pre-1450 topics is critical to understanding the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation.

A. Hundred Years’ War (1337–1453)*

B. Black Death (1347)*

C. Peasant revolts*

D. Vernacular literature*

E. Crisis in the Catholic Church*

F. Life in the later Middle Ages*
II. The Renaissance (cover in Ch. 13)

Note: The number of significant Renaissance artists and writers is great. Artists like Brunelleschi, Donatello, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli, Holbein, and Dürer are only a small sample of possible examples. You are encouraged to select several major artists and their works and demonstrate how these works reflect Renaissance ideals and society.

A. Contrast with the later Middle Ages

B. Italian Renaissance

1. Rise of the Italian city-states: Florence and selected other city-states

2. Decline of the Italian city-states

3. Machiavelli, The Prince (1513)

C. Italian humanism: revival of Classical learning and civic humanism (e.g., Boccaccio,

Castiglione, Mirandola)

D. Northern Renaissance: Christian humanism (e.g., Erasmus and Sir Thomas More)

E. Women in the Renaissance

F. Italian Renaissance art

1. Architecture

2. Sculpture

3. Painting

4. Quattrocento in Florence

5. High Renaissance in Rome: sixteenth century (cinquecento)

6. Patronage and the arts

G. Northern Renaissance

1. Art in the Low Countries

2. Writers (e.g., Rabelais, Cervantes, Shakespeare)

3. Patronage and the arts


III. New Monarchs (covered in Ch. 13)

A. Characteristics and methods

B. France

C. England

D. Spain

1. Ferdinand of Aragon (1479–1516) and

Isabella of Castile (1474–1504)

2. Hapsburg Empire


IV. Age of Exploration (covered in Ch. 15)

Note: It is not necessary for students to master an exhaustive list of explorers and technologies. For a thematic essay question on exploration, for example, students would be expected to analyze the significance of a few major explorers (e.g., Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Magellan) and technological developments. The multiple-choice section of the AP Exam does not emphasize minute details regarding exploration.

A. Advances in learning

B. Advances in technology

C. Portuguese exploration

D. Spanish exploration

E. “Old Imperialism”

1. Portuguese outposts in Africa, India, and Asia

2. Spain and Portugal in the New World

3. Dutch East Indies

4. French colonies in North America

5. English colonies in North America
V. Commercial Revolution (covered in Ch. 15 & 16)

A. Causes

B. Impact

1. “Price Revolution”

2. Rise in capitalism

3. New industries: cloth production, mining, printing, shipbuilding, cannons and muskets

4. New consumer goods: sugar, tea, rice, tobacco, cocoa

5. Mercantilism



6. Enclosure movement in England



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