The Redesigned s a t® w f5 k s a 0 9



Download 153.63 Kb.
Page1/4
Date20.05.2016
Size153.63 Kb.
#62013
  1   2   3   4

The Redesigned  S A T®

W F5 K S A 0 9

Writing and Language Test


44 Questions
Turn to Section 2 of your answer sheet to answer the questions in this section.
Directions

Each passage below is accompanied by a number of questions. For some questions, you will consider how the passage might be revised to improve the expression of ideas. For other questions, you will consider how the passage might be edited to correct errors in sentence structure, usage, or punctuation. A passage or a question may be accompanied by one or more graphics (such as a table or graph) that you will consider as you make revising and editing decisions.

Some questions will direct you to an underlined portion of a passage. Other questions will direct you to a location in a passage or ask you to think about the passage as a whole.

A pair of brackets containing an uppercase Q and a number — for example, [Q1] — indicates that a question refers to that location in the passage or the following underlined portion of the passage. The number in brackets is the number of the question that is related to the indicated part of the passage. The bracketed element is hyperlinked to the associated question, and the question heading is hyperlinked to the related location or portion of the passage. There are two ways to follow a link. One is to move the flashing text cursor, or caret, into the hyperlinked text and press the Enter key; the other is to place the mouse cursor, or pointer, over the hyperlinked text and press Ctrl+leftclick (that is, press and release the left button on the mouse while holding down the Ctrl key on the keyboard).

After reading each passage, choose the answer to each question that most effectively improves the quality of writing in the passage or that makes the passage conform to the conventions of standard written English. Many questions include a “NO CHANGE” option. Choose that option if you think the best choice is to leave the relevant portion of the passage as it is.

In questions that ask you to consider potential revisions, the list of answer choices is followed by a presentation of each revision in context. The set of revisions is surrounded by “Begin skippable content” and “End skippable content” labels formatted as level6 headings. If a question includes a “NO CHANGE” option, the beginning of the skippable content will present the relevant context of the passage in its original form with the original underlined text. After that, the same context will be repeated with the underlined portion replaced by each revision to be considered.



Punctuation is essential to some questions in this test, so we suggest that you either activate the punctuationreading function of your application software or utilize the characterbycharacter capabilities of your application software.

Questions 1 through 11 are based on the following passage.



Whey to Go
Greek yogurt—a strained form of cultured yogurt—has grown enormously in popularity in the United States since it was first introduced in the country in the late 1980s.
From 2011 to 2012 alone, sales of Greek yogurt in the U S increased by 50 percent. The resulting increase in Greek yogurt production has forced those involved in the business to address the detrimental effects that the yogurt-making process may be having on the environment. Fortunately, farmers and others in the Greek yogurt business have found many methods of controlling and eliminating most environmental threats. Given these solutions as well as the many health benefits of the food, the advantages of Greek yogurt [Q1] outdo the potential drawbacks of its production.
The main environmental problem caused by the production of Greek yogurt is the creation of acid whey as a by-product. Because it requires up to four times more milk to make than conventional yogurt does, Greek yogurt produces larger amounts of acid whey, which is difficult to dispose of. To address the problem of disposal, farmers have found a number of uses for acid whey. They can add it to livestock feed as a protein [Q2] supplement, and people can make their own Greek-style yogurt at home by straining regular yogurt. If it is improperly introduced into the environment, acid-whey runoff [Q3] can pollute waterways, depleting the oxygen content of streams and rivers as it decomposes. Yogurt manufacturers, food [Q4] scientists; and government officials are also working together to develop additional solutions for reusing whey. [Q5]
[Q6] Though these conservation methods can be costly and time-consuming, they are well worth the effort. Nutritionists consider Greek yogurt to be a healthy food: it is an excellent source of calcium and protein, serves [Q7] to be a digestive aid, and [Q8] it contains few calories in its unsweetened low- and non-fat forms. Greek yogurt is slightly lower in sugar and carbohydrates than conventional yogurt is. [Q9] Also, because it is more concentrated, Greek yogurt contains slightly more protein per serving, thereby helping people stay [Q10] satiated for longer periods of time. These health benefits have prompted Greek yogurt’s recent surge in popularity. In fact, Greek yogurt can be found in an increasing number of products such as snack food and frozen desserts. Because consumers reap the nutritional benefits of Greek yogurt and support those who make and sell [Q11] it, therefore farmers and businesses should continue finding safe and effective methods of producing the food.

Question 1.

A. NO CHANGE (outdo)

B. defeat

C. outperform

D. outweigh


Answer choices in context.
Begin skippable content.

A. Given these solutions as well as the many health benefits of the food, the advantages of Greek yogurt outdo the potential drawbacks of its production.

B. Given these solutions as well as the many health benefits of the food, the advantages of Greek yogurt defeat the potential drawbacks of its production.

C. Given these solutions as well as the many health benefits of the food, the advantages of Greek yogurt outperform the potential drawbacks of its production.

D. Given these solutions as well as the many health benefits of the food, the advantages of Greek yogurt outweigh the potential drawbacks of its production.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 1.



Question 2.

Which choice provides the most relevant detail?

A. NO CHANGE (supplement, and people can make their own Greek-style yogurt at home by straining regular yogurt.)

B. supplement and convert it into gas to use as fuel in electricity production.

C. supplement, while sweet whey is more desirable as a food additive for humans.

D. supplement, which provides an important element of their diet.
Answer choices in context.

Begin skippable content.

A. They can add it to livestock feed as a protein supplement, and people can make their own Greek-style yogurt at home by straining regular yogurt.

B. They can add it to livestock feed as a protein supplement and convert it into gas to use as fuel in electricity production.

C. They can add it to livestock feed as a protein supplement, while sweet whey is more desirable as a food additive for humans.

D. They can add it to livestock feed as a protein supplement, which provides an important element of their diet.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 2.



Question 3.

A. NO CHANGE (can pollute waterways,)

B. can pollute waterway's,

C. could have polluted waterways,

D. has polluted waterway’s,


Answer choices in context.
Begin skippable content.

A. If it is improperly introduced into the environment, acid-whey runoff can pollute waterways, depleting the oxygen content of streams and rivers as it decomposes.

B. If it is improperly introduced into the environment, acid-whey runoff can pollute waterway's, depleting the oxygen content of streams and rivers as it decomposes.

C. If it is improperly introduced into the environment, acid-whey runoff could have polluted waterways, depleting the oxygen content of streams and rivers as it decomposes.

D. If it is improperly introduced into the environment, acid-whey runoff has polluted waterway’s, depleting the oxygen content of streams and rivers as it decomposes.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 3.



Question 4.

A. NO CHANGE (scientists; and)

B. scientists: and

C. scientists, and

D. scientists, and,


Answer choices in context.
Begin skippable content.

A. Yogurt manufacturers, food scientists; and government officials are also working together to develop additional solutions for reusing whey.

B. Yogurt manufacturers, food scientists: and government officials are also working together to develop additional solutions for reusing whey.

C. Yogurt manufacturers, food scientists, and government officials are also working together to develop additional solutions for reusing whey.

D. Yogurt manufacturers, food scientists, and, government officials are also working together to develop additional solutions for reusing whey.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 4.



Question 5.

To make this paragraph most logical, sentence 5 should be placed

A. where it is now.

B. after sentence 1.

C. after sentence 2.

D. after sentence 3.
Answer choices in context.

Begin skippable content.

A. They can add it to livestock feed as a protein supplement, and people can make their own Greek-style yogurt at home by straining regular yogurt. If it is improperly introduced into the environment, acid-whey runoff can pollute waterways, depleting the oxygen content of streams and rivers as it decomposes. Yogurt manufacturers, food scientists; and government officials are also working together to develop additional solutions for reusing whey.

B. The main environmental problem caused by the production of Greek yogurt is the creation of acid whey as a by-product. If it is improperly introduced into the environment, acid-whey runoff can pollute waterways, depleting the oxygen content of streams and rivers as it decomposes. Because it requires up to four times more milk to make than conventional yogurt does, Greek yogurt produces larger amounts of acid whey, which is difficult to dispose of.

C. Because it requires up to four times more milk to make than conventional yogurt does, Greek yogurt produces larger amounts of acid whey, which is difficult to dispose of. If it is improperly introduced into the environment, acid-whey runoff can pollute waterways, depleting the oxygen content of streams and rivers as it decomposes. To address the problem of disposal, farmers have found a number of uses for acid whey.

D. To address the problem of disposal, farmers have found a number of uses for acid whey. If it is improperly introduced into the environment, acid-whey runoff can pollute waterways, depleting the oxygen content of streams and rivers as it decomposes. They can add it to livestock feed as a protein supplement, and people can make their own Greek-style yogurt at home by straining regular yogurt.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 5.
Question 6.

The writer is considering deleting the underlined sentence (reproduced below for your reference). Should the writer do this?

Though these conservation methods can be costly and time-consuming, they are well worth the effort.

A. Yes, because it does not provide a transition from the previous paragraph.

B. Yes, because it fails to support the main argument of the passage as introduced in the first paragraph.

C. No, because it continues the explanation of how acid whey can be disposed of safely.

D. No, because it sets up the argument in the paragraph for the benefits of Greek yogurt.


Answer and explanation for question 6.



Question 7.

A. NO CHANGE (to be)

B. as


C. like

D. for
Answer choices in context.


Begin skippable content.

A. Nutritionists consider Greek yogurt to be a healthy food: it is an excellent source of calcium and protein, serves to be a digestive aid, and it contains few calories in its unsweetened low- and non-fat forms.

B. Nutritionists consider Greek yogurt to be a healthy food: it is an excellent source of calcium and protein, serves as a digestive aid, and it contains few calories in its unsweetened low- and non-fat forms.

C. Nutritionists consider Greek yogurt to be a healthy food: it is an excellent source of calcium and protein, serves like a digestive aid, and it contains few calories in its unsweetened low- and non-fat forms.

D. Nutritionists consider Greek yogurt to be a healthy food: it is an excellent source of calcium and protein, serves for a digestive aid, and it contains few calories in its unsweetened low- and non-fat forms.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 7.
Question 8.

A. NO CHANGE (it contains)

B. containing

C. contains

D. will contain


Answer choices in context.
Begin skippable content.

A. Nutritionists consider Greek yogurt to be a healthy food: it is an excellent source of calcium and protein, serves to be a digestive aid, and it contains few calories in its unsweetened low- and non-fat forms.

B. Nutritionists consider Greek yogurt to be a healthy food: it is an excellent source of calcium and protein, serves to be a digestive aid, and containing few calories in its unsweetened low- and non-fat forms.

C. Nutritionists consider Greek yogurt to be a healthy food: it is an excellent source of calcium and protein, serves to be a digestive aid, and contains few calories in its unsweetened low- and non-fat forms.

D. Nutritionists consider Greek yogurt to be a healthy food: it is an excellent source of calcium and protein, serves to be a digestive aid, and will contain few calories in its unsweetened low- and non-fat forms.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 8.
Question 9.

A. NO CHANGE (Also,)

B. In other words,

C. Therefore,

D. For instance,


Answer choices in context.
Begin skippable content.

A. Also, because it is more concentrated, Greek yogurt contains slightly more protein per serving, thereby helping people stay satiated for longer periods of time.

B. In other words, because it is more concentrated, Greek yogurt contains slightly more protein per serving, thereby helping people stay satiated for longer periods of time.

C. Therefore, because it is more concentrated, Greek yogurt contains slightly more protein per serving, thereby helping people stay satiated for longer periods of time.

D. For instance, because it is more concentrated, Greek yogurt contains slightly more protein per serving, thereby helping people stay satiated for longer periods of time.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 9.



Question 10.

A. NO CHANGE (satiated)

B. fulfilled

C. complacent

D. sufficient


Answer choices in context.
Begin skippable content.

A. Also, because it is more concentrated, Greek yogurt contains slightly more protein per serving, thereby helping people stay satiated for longer periods of time.

B. Also, because it is more concentrated, Greek yogurt contains slightly more protein per serving, thereby helping people stay fulfilled for longer periods of time.

C. Also, because it is more concentrated, Greek yogurt contains slightly more protein per serving, thereby helping people stay complacent for longer periods of time.

D. Also, because it is more concentrated, Greek yogurt contains slightly more protein per serving, thereby helping people stay sufficient for longer periods of time.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 10.



Question 11.

A. NO CHANGE (it, therefore farmers)

B. it, farmers

C. it, so farmers

D. it: farmers


Answer choices in context.
Begin skippable content.

A. Because consumers reap the nutritional benefits of Greek yogurt and support those who make and sell it, therefore farmers and businesses should continue finding safe and effective methods of producing the food.

B. Because consumers reap the nutritional benefits of Greek yogurt and support those who make and sell it, farmers and businesses should continue finding safe and effective methods of producing the food.

C. Because consumers reap the nutritional benefits of Greek yogurt and support those who make and sell it, so farmers and businesses should continue finding safe and effective methods of producing the food.

D. Because consumers reap the nutritional benefits of Greek yogurt and support those who make and sell it: farmers and businesses should continue finding safe and effective methods of producing the food.


End skippable content.
Answer and explanation for question 11.


Answers and explanations for questions 1 through 11 are provided in the next section of this document. You may skip directly to the beginning of the next passage if you do not want to review the answers and explanations now.


Download 153.63 Kb.

Share with your friends:
  1   2   3   4




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2022
send message

    Main page