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www.FAMOUS PEOPLE LESSONS.com

MOHANDAS
“Mahatma”
GANDHI


http://www.famouspeoplelessons.com/m/mohandas_mahatma_gandhi.html



CONTENTS:

The Reading / Tapescript

2

Synonym Match and Phrase Match

3

Listening Gap Fill

4

Choose the Correct Word

5

Spelling

6

Put the Text Back Together

7

Scrambled Sentences

8

Discussion

9

Student Survey

10

Writing

11

Homework

12

Answers

13

THE READING / TAPESCRIPT


Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important political and spiritual leader. He is honoured in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have inspired civil rights movements across the globe. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew up surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study law. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer but was hampered by British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class citizen by white people. This awakened in him questions about social justice and the role of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work the concept of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tirelessly to set India free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.

249 words

Flesch Kinkaid 9.9


SYNONYM MATCH: Match the words from the article on the left with their synonyms on the right. Are your answers the same as other students’?


Paragraphs 1 and 2







1.

protests

a.

acceptance

2

icon

b.

remembered

3.

commemorated

c.

blocked

4.

compassion

d.

demonstrations

5.

tolerance

e.

symbol

6.

hampered

f.

care

Paragraphs 3 and 4







7.

hardship

g.

dealt with

8.

treated

h.

enthusiastically

9.

resistance

i.

killed

10.

tirelessly

j.

suffering

11

unrest

k

struggle

12

assassinated

l

disorder

PHRASE MATCH: Match the following phrases from the article.

1.

India’s most important political

a.

civil rights movements

2

His non-violent protests led to

b.

for creating unrest

3.

His beliefs and actions have inspired

c.

hardship wherever he went

4.

surrounded

d.

and spiritual leader

5.

hampered by British

e.

resistance

6.

Gandhi faced discrimination and

f.

British taxes and landlords

7.

He was treated as a

g.

by religious traditions

8.

the concept of passive

h.

independence for India

9.

leading protests against

i.

officials

10.

arrested and imprisoned

j.

third-class citizen

LISTENING GAP FILL:


Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important _____________ spiritual leader. He is honoured in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent _____________ to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have _____________ rights movements across the globe. He _____________ world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. _____________ surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and _____________ all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London _____________. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer but was _____________ British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination _____________ wherever he went. He was treated as a ________________ by white people. This awakened in him questions about social justice and _____________ British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work _____________ passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned ________________ India free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxes _____________, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and _____________ creating unrest. Gandhi's fame ________________ the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.


CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORD:


Delete the wrong word in each of the pairs in italics.

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important politics / political and spiritual leader. He is honoured / honour in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have inspired civilian / civil rights movements across the globe. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide was / as the International Day of Non-Violence.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew / grown up surrounded by / as religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study lawyer / law. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer but / however was hampered by British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hardware / hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class citizen by white people. This awakened / woke up in him questions about social justice and the role / roll of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to / by work the concept of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.



Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tiredness / tirelessly to set India freedom / free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxis / taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent / dependent republic.

SPELLING:


These jumbled words are from the text. Spell them correctly.

Paragraph 1

1.

political and prulsitai leader

2.

His lesebfi and actions

3.

inspired civil risgth movements

4.

the International Day of Non-elceiVno

Paragraph 2

5.

religious rdtoinstai

6.

lrtecaeno for all people

7.

He returned to India to practice as a awreyl

8.

he etcdaepc a job in South Africa

Paragraph 3

9.

Gandhi faced discrimination and hidrhsap

10.

treated as a third-class ieztnic

11.

social esjtcui

12.

the eopctnc of passive resistance

Paragraph 4

13.

Gandhi campaigned lsleetrisy

14.

He started by leading potestsr against British taxes

15.

Gandhi's fame spread all over the tnoina

16.

India became an independent priuclbe

PUT THE TEXT BACK TOGETHER


Number these lines in the correct order.

( )

protests against British taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging

( )

to India to practice as a lawyer but was hampered by British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

( )

2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

( )

of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

( )

and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study law. He returned

( )

non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all

( )

Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and

( 1 )

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important political and spiritual leader. He is honoured in India as

( )

of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work the concept

( )

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class

( )

citizen by white people. This awakened in him questions about social justice and the role

( )

actions have inspired civil rights movements across the globe. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday,

( )

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew up surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism,

( )

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tirelessly to set India free from British rule. He started by leading

( )

over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.

SCRAMBLED SENTENCES


With your partner, put the words back into the correct order.

1.

non violent lead independence - protests to

2.

His inspired beliefs civil and rights actions movements have

3.

an of peace is icon world He

4.

grew surrounded religious He up by traditions

5.

as to a India lawyer to He practice returned

6.

discrimination faced Gandhi went he wherever hardship and

7.

treated was He people white by citizen class - third a as

8.

leading British protests taxes against

9.

and arrested was He unrest creating for imprisoned

10.

nation fame all the Gandhi's spread over

MAHATMA GANDHI DISCUSSION:


STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

1.

What do you know about Mahatma Gandhi?

2.

Would you like to have met Mahatma Gandhi?

3.

What would you like to know about Mahatma Gandhi and why?

4.

___________________________________________________

5.

___________________________________________________

6.

___________________________________________________

7.

___________________________________________________

8.

___________________________________________________

Copyright © www.FamousPeopleLessons.com

------------------------------------------------------------------------------


MOHANDAS “Mahatma” Gandhi




Mahatma Gandhi DISCUSSION:


STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

1.

What did you learn from this text about Mahatma Gandhi?

2.

What questions would you like to have asked Mahatma Gandhi?

3.

What would his answers have been to those questions?

4.

___________________________________________________

5.

___________________________________________________

6.

___________________________________________________

7.

___________________________________________________

8.

___________________________________________________

Mahatma Gandhi SURVEY:


Write five questions about Mahatma Gandhi in the table. Do this in pairs/groups. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper.

Without your partner, interview other students. Write down their answers.




STUDENT 1

_____________



STUDENT 2

_____________



STUDENT 3

_____________



Q.1.












Q.2.












Q.3.












Q.4.












Q.5.












Return to your original partner(s) and share and talk about what you found out. Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.

WRITING:


Write about Mahatma Gandhi for 10 minutes. Show your partner your paper. Correct each other’s work.

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


HOMEWORK


1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find more information about Mahatma Gandhi. Talk about what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

3. Mahatma Gandhi POSTER: Make a poster showing the different stages of the life of Mahatma Gandhi. Show your poster to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all find out similar things?

4. MAGAZINE ARTICLE: Write a magazine article about Mahatma Gandhi. Include an imaginary interview with him. Write about what he did every day and what he thought about.

Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.



5. LETTER: Write a letter to Mahatma Gandhi. Ask him three questions about his life. Tell him how important he is in today’s world. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your “Mahatma Gandhi expert” partner(s) will try and answer your questions.

ANSWERS


SYNONYM MATCH:

Paragraphs 1 and 2







1.

protests

a.

demonstrations

2

icon

b.

symbol

3.

commemorated

c.

remembered

4.

compassion

d.

care

5.

tolerance

e.

acceptance

6.

hampered

f.

blocked

Paragraphs 3 and 4







7.

hardship

g.

suffering

8.

treated

h.

dealt with

9.

resistance

i.

struggle

10.

tirelessly

j.

enthusiastically

11

unrest

k

disorder

12

assassinated

l

killed

PHRASE MATCH:

1.

India’s most important political

a.

and spiritual leader

2

His non-violent protests led to

b.

independence for India

3.

His beliefs and actions have inspired

c.

civil rights movements

4.

surrounded

d.

by religious traditions

5.

hampered by British

e.

officials

6.

Gandhi faced discrimination and

f.

hardship wherever he went

7.

He was treated as a

g.

third-class citizen

8.

the concept of passive

h.

resistance

9.

leading protests against

i.

British taxes and landlords

10.

arrested and imprisoned

j.

for creating unrest

ALL OTHER EXERCISES

Look at the text on page 2.





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