Many Bible students think that Psalm 89 is three psalms in one! Ethan was one of David’s singers. He could not have known about Nebuchadnezzar, who lived 500 years later. Bible students explain this by saying:
· Ethan wrote the first part, verses 1-18. At this time, both Tabor and Hermon (verse 12) were in the land David's *descendants ruled. Later, they were not.
· Someone else wrote the next part, verses 19-37. This was maybe 400 years after David ruled Israel. Maybe Josiah was king.
· A third person wrote the last part, verses 38-51. This was after Nebuchadnezzar had beaten the *Jews. He took their king (Jehoiakin) to Babylon. Jehoiakin was not king any more.
Something to do
1. If you have a Bible, read what God promised to David. You will find it in 2 Samuel 7.
Korah ~ look in the Introduction in Book 3 of the Psalms of David.
laws ~ the rules in a country. In Psalm 78, the rules in the first 5 books of the Bible.
Leviathan ~ a sea-*monster.
lice ~ small insects that can carry illnesses to people.
lie ~ say words that are not true.
lightning ~ narrow lines of light in the sky during a storm.
lights ~ (in Psalm 83:14) makes a fire (on the mountains).
like ~ another word for "as".
lilies ~ flowers.
lion ~ a dangerous animal.
locust ~ an insect that eats all the green parts of plants.
Lord ~ a name for God; it means he has authority, or "master"; *Adonai in *Hebrew. Look also at *LORD below.
LORD ~ a special name for God that his people use. It is the *covenant name of God. In *Hebrew it is *Yahweh or *Jehovah. Look after Psalm 25 in Book 1 of the Psalms of David for more about the names of God.
loyalty ~ being a friend, or a servant and not stopping, whatever happens.
lyre ~ you can make music with it.
mahalath leannoth ~ maybe it means "when you are ill" in *Hebrew. Bible students are not sure.
manna ~ food from *heaven. It is *like bread. The word "manna" is *Hebrew for "What is it?" This is because the *Jews did not know what God had sent them!
maskil ~ a psalm that teaches you something.
merciful ~ kind.
mercy ~ being kind when you do not have to be kind.
Messiah ~ in the *Old Testament, the *anointed king. In the *New Testament, Jesus. The word messiah is *Hebrew for *anointed.
miracles ~ great things that only God can do.
monster ~ a very large animal.
Most High ~ a name for God.
mount ~ small mountain.
musical instrument ~ something that makes music when you hit it (cymbals, drum), blow in it (flute, trumpet, horn, shofar) or touch it in a quiet way (harp, lyre). Many of these are in Psalm 150 in Book 5 of The Psalms of David.
musicians ~ people that make music. They sing, or play *musical instruments.
nations ~ countries.
necklace ~ something pretty to wear round your neck.
neighbours ~ people that live near (either house or country).
nest ~ place where a bird keeps its babies.
New Testament ~ the last part of the Bible, which the writers wrote after the life of Jesus. It is about the things that Jesus did and taught and about the church [see church].
poetry ~ using words in a special (often very beautiful) way.
praise ~ say how great somebody is; or, words that say how great someone is.
praise you ~ say how great you are.
prayer ~ words that you say when you pray.
prey ~ what an animal catches to eat.
pride ~ what you feel when you think that you are important.
priest ~ a servant of God in his *temple.
prince ~ son of a king.
prisoners ~ people caught and kept by the enemy.
Promised Land ~ Israel.
prophesy ~ tell people what God thinks and will do.
prophet ~ someone that says what God thinks and will do.
protect ~ stop people hurting and destroying (someone or something).
proud people ~ people that think that they are very important.
psalmist ~ the person that wrote a psalm (or psalms).
punish ~ hurt someone because they have not obeyed the rules.
quails ~ small birds that people can eat.
real ~ proper.
Redeemer ~ a name for God. It means that he pays the price of our *sin. This happened when Jesus died on the cross.
refuge ~ a place where you can hide and be safe.
righteous ~ very good (only God is really righteous). God says that the people that love and obey him are righteous. Sometimes we say that they are "the righteous", meaning "righteous people". Look after Psalm 5 in Book 1 of The Psalms of David for more about the word "righteous".
righteousness ~ what you have when you are *righteous.
rubbish ~ what people throw away.
Sabaoth ~ a *huge group of people, usually armies of *angels in the Bible.
saints ~ people that have received God’s love, his people.
Satan ~ the leader of the bad *spirits, known also as the Devil and Lucifer.
scorn ~ laugh in a bad way at someone.
seer ~ another word for *prophet.
SELAH ~ a place to pray or think or make music.
shake ~ move from one side to another and back again very fast many times.
shame ~ a bad feeling when we have done wrong.
Sheol ~where *Jews said that you went when you died.
shepherd ~a sheep farmer.
shield ~what a soldier holds over himself to stop things hitting him.
shofar ~ a *musical instrument. They were animal *horns. They blew into them.
shook ~ past of *shake.
sin ~ not obeying God, or what you do when you do not obey God.
slip ~nearly fall over (as on oil or on ice).
sons of God ~ they live with God in *heaven.
sparrow ~ small bird that makes *nests in houses.
spice ~ look in the notes in Psalm 75.
spirit ~the part of us that lives when our body dies.
spirits ~ they are alive, but we cannot see them. There are good spirits usually known as *angels. Bad spirits (known also as evil spirits, or demons) do not live in *heaven now, but in the air round us. *Satan is their leader.
springs ~another word for "wells" (of water) in Psalm 87.
still ~ not moving.
stringed instruments ~ See *musical instruments. Stringed instruments include the *harp and the *lyre.
stupid ~ opposite of clever.
swallow ~ small bird that makes *nests in houses.
sword ~ a long, sharp knife that soldiers use to fight people with.
tambourine ~ a *musical instrument that you hit or *shake.
tears ~ water coming from our eyes when we cry.
temple ~ a place where people meet to *worship God.
tempted ~ someone asked you to do something wrong.
tent ~ a home or building made from animal skins.
test God ~ make God show what he can do.
tested ~ (in Psalm 81) saw if they were good or bad.
tested ~ gave a (spoken) exam to.
throne ~ a special seat that a king sits on.
thunder ~ loud noise in the sky in a storm.
tongue ~ the part of our mouth that we talk with.
tribe ~ a large group of people from the same family.
trust ~ believe that someone (usually God in the psalms) will be good to you.
trusting in you ~ looking to you for help.
truth ~ usually words that are true; in Psalm 86:11, things that God teaches.
turn your ear ~ a way to say "Listen!" in *Hebrew.
turned the fortunes ~ change things (look in the notes on Psalm 85:1).
unhappy ~ the opposite of happy.
vines ~ plants that grow *grapes (to make *wine).
vision ~ *like a dream.
warn ~ say that something (usually bad) will happen.
weapon ~ something to fight people with, like a *sword or a gun.
wheat ~ plant like *barley. People make bread from its seeds. (The seeds are called "grain".)
whip ~ something to hit people and animals with.
wicked ~ very, very bad.
widow ~ woman whose husband is dead.
wilderness ~ a wild place where people did not grow food.
wine ~ a drink with alcohol in it. People make it from *grapes.
wonder ~ another word for *miracle.
wonderful ~ great and surprising.
worship ~ tell someone that they are very great and that you love them.
Yahweh ~ the *covenant name for God. Most Bibles translate it *LORD with 4 capital letters. It means something *like "I am" or "always alive".