Progressive Era Standard: Understand the concerns, success and limitations of the Progressive Era
Progressive Era was a broad-based campaign for economic, political and social reforms. The movement addressed the power of big business and the corruption in government and advocated aid for those left behind – the poor, laborers, minorities, women, farmers and protection for consumers. Those advocating change believed that government has a legitimate role in making economic rules to protect individuals from abuse.
In order to understand the efforts behind the progressive movement, one needs to be familiar with what is called the Gilded Age. The Gilded Age is that period from 1865 – 1900, post-Civil War or time of Reconstruction. During this time of great wealth, large fortunes were made as a result of industrial expansion. The name, a derogatory one, was derived from a novel by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner in 1873.
Who: Muckrakers (Journalists) like Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, Ida Tarbell, Jacob Riis and others
Presidents Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Harrison, McKinley, T. Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson
Reformers like Robert La Follette, John Dewey, Eugene Debs, George Norris, Fredrick Jackson Turner, Jane Addams, Ellen Gates Starr, Frank Lloyd Wright, Francis Willard, Carrie Nation, Carrie Chapman Catt, Alice Paul, Margaret Sanger, Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Staton, Helen Keller, W.E.B. DuBois, Ida Wells, Booker T. Washington, Emma Goldman, Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies)and others
What: A political, economic and social reform movement