The new nation 1789-1824 washington’s presidency



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THE NEW NATION 1789-1824

  1. WASHINGTON’S PRESIDENCY

  1. WASHINGTON’S APPOINTMENTS

  1. WASHINGTON WAS UNANIMOUSLY ELECTED THE FIRST PRESIDENT

  2. HE SET UP THE FIRST CABINET WITH THREE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS

    1. Thomas Jefferson was Secretary of State

    2. Alexander Hamilton was Secretary of the Treasury

    3. Henry Knox was the Secretary of War

    ONE OF THE BIGGEST ISSUES WAS THE ECONOMY. OUR NATION WAS IN GREAT DEBT FROM FIGHTING THE REVOLUTION.

  3. HE NAMED EDMUND RANDOLPH FIRST ATTORNEY GENERALAND JOHN JAY THE FIRST CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT.

  1. HAMILTON’S FINANCIAL (ECONOMIC) PLAN

  1. THE PURPOSE OF HAMILTON’S POLICIES WAS

  1. To promote economic growth, strengthen the nation’s finances

  2. To get us out of debt as a nation and keep us strong

  1. PROPOSALS…HAMILTON WANTED US TO…

  1. Establish a National bank

    IN ORDER TO GET JEFFERSON’S SUPPORT FOR HIS PLANS, HAMILTON AGREED TO MOVE THE CAPITOL. IT WAS MOVED FROM NEW YORK TO WHAT BECAME KNOWN AS WASHINGTON D.C., AFTER OUR FIRST PRESIDENT’S DEATH.

  2. Adopt a protective tariff to raise money

  3. Fund the national debt and take over state debt

  4. Expand manufacturing

  1. CONTROVERSY WITH JEFFERSON

  1. Hamilton favored a “LOOSE” interpretation of the constitution which used the implied powers of the “necessary and proper clause” to justify government action. (IF IT DOESN’T SAY NO, YOU CAN DO IT!)

  2. Jefferson favored “STRICT” interpretation of the constitution (WHAT IT DOESN’T SAY YOU CAN DO, YOU CAN’T)

THE BANK CONTROVERSY LED TO THE BEGINNING OF POLITICAL PARTIES. JEFFERSON AND HIS SUPPORTERS FORMED THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS (TODAY’S DEMOCRATIC PARTY) AND HAMILTON’S SUPPORTERS WERE THE FEDERALISTS.

  1. DOESTICALLY, WASHINGTON HAD TO PUT DOWN A REBELLION

  1. THE WHISKEY REBELLION INVOLVED PENNSYLVANIA FARMERS REFUSING TO

PAY A TAX AND ATTACKING TAX COLLECTORS

  1. WASHINGTON FEDERALIZED THE STATE MILITIA AND THE REBELLION

COLLAPSED WITHOUT BLOODSHED

  1. HE RECEIVED BOTH CRITICISM AND PRAISE FOR HIS ACTIONS.

  1. HE HAD THREE MAJOR EVENTS IN FOREIGN POLICY

  1. FRANCE SENT A REPRESENTATIVE (CITIZEN GENET) WHO ENLISTED AMERICANS

TO FIGHT FOR THE FRENCH ARMY. HE SNUBBED OUR LEADERS AND WENT DIRECTLY TO THE AMERICAN PUBLIC.

  1. THE JAY TREATY WITH ENGLAND GOT RID OF BRITISH TROOPS IN AMERICA AND WE AGREED TO PAY OUR DEBTS

  2. THE PINCKNEY TREATY WITH SPAIN ENDED BORDER DISPUTES AND GAVE US RIGHTS TO NAVIGATE THE MISSISIPPI RIVER.

  1. WASHINGTON’S FAREWELL ADDRESS

  1. WASHINGTON WARED AMERICANS ABOUT THE FUTURE:

a. avoid entangling Alliances

b. remember the Danger of sectional jealousy

c. try to avoid Intense party spirit that does not allow political parties to work together

d. stay Out of Europe (stay neutral)

e. remember to keep the union Strong

2. IMPACT ON FOREIGN POLICY

a. PRESIDENT WILSON’S OPPONENTS USED WASHINGTON TO JUSTIFY OPPOSITION

TO THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS AFTER WORLD WAR I

b.DURING THE 1930s, ISOLATIONISTS WOULD USE WASHINGTON TO JUSTIFY

SUPPORT FOR THE NEUTRALITY ACTS.



  1. PRECEDENTS (PATTERNS) SET BY WASHINGTON

  1. he Gave us no ceremonies, medals, or special ceremonies for the President

    1. He insisted on being called “Mr.President”, didn’t wear a military uniform



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