The national missionary seminary of st paul, gwagwalada, abuja



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Wittgenstein Language theories

TABLE OF CONTENT

ABSTRACT


CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

    1. Background To The Study

    2. Statement Of The Problem

    3. CONCEPTUAL CLARIFICATION

1.3.1 PICTURE

1.3.2 THEORY

1.3.3. LANGUAGE

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE

LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN’S PICTURE THEORY

3.1 THE LIFE AND WORKS OF LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN

3.2 PICTURE THEORY

3.3 THE TRUTH AND FALISITY OF PROPOSITIONS

3.4 LIMIT OF LANGUAGE

3.5 CONCLUSION



CHAPTER FOUR

EVALUATION AND CONCLUSION

4.1 APPRAISAL

4.2 CRITICISM

4.2.1 PHILOSOPHICAL INVESTIGATIONS AND LANUAGE GAME THEORY

4.2.2 PERSONAL CRITICISM

4.3 CONCLUSION

BIBILIOGRAPHY

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION


    1. BACKGROUND TO STUDY

Language related themes have become recently popular in philosophical discourses, especially amongst contemporary and analytic philosophers. Amongst the many language-related themes, one that has continued to take the central place in discussions is the problem of language. Little wonder some philosophers have subscribed to the position that the problem of philosophy is the problem of language. Some even go further to assert that the growth of philosophy would be determined by the ability of philosophers to clarify concepts and languages. And thus, for them it is the role of philosophy to clarify language and concepts.

This positon is not so much different from the position of 20th century philosopher, Ludwig Josef Wittgenstein. However, Wittgenstein did not just stop at the proposition, but goes further to propose theories of language that will aid the understanding and use of language. Amongst these theories include the picture theory of language which affirmed the necessity of language to correspond to reality, and the language game theory that placed emphasis on the different use of language. While the first affirms what language should be, the latter affirms how language should be use.

It is on these ground that this work intends to carry out a critical evaluation of the picture theory of Wittgenstein in the light of the problem of language, while paying attention its relevance to curbing the already existing problem.


    1. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The discussions on the problem of language was so eminent during Wittgenstein’s days at Trinity college, that he became so impressed by them, and, following the Russellian analytical intuition and inclinations, he proposed ideas by which the problems could be tackled, and how we could arrive at an ideal language.1 Hence the following questions would help guide this research; Can man ever attain an ideal language? Can propositions be adequate enough to represent picture of reality? Did Wittgenstein’s picture theory reduce or compound the problem of language? What are the defects and strength of his theory?

This amongst many other questions of reflection would help us in making a proper evaluation of Wittgenstein’s picture theory.



    1. CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS

Since this study borders on philosophy of language and the problem of language, it is apt to clarify some concepts in order to prevent this work from even compounding the already existing problem of language.

      1. PICTURE

According to Merriam-Webster, a picture is design or representation that made by various means.2 It is also a description so vivid as to suggest a mental image or to give an accurate idea of something

      1. THEORY

According to the American Museum of Natural History, a theory is a well substantiated explanation of an aspect of the natural world that can incorporate laws, hypothesis, and facts.3 Theories also do not stop at making facts, it also stipulate the pattern a phenomenon should follow.

      1. LANGUAGE

Language is generally referred to as a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves.4 For John Bewaji, it comprises of the various media by which all animals have the facility to communicate ideas, impressions, information, displeasure, warnings, etc.5 For Bewaji, it comes in various forms like verbal, signs, symbol, graph, etc.6


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