The national anti-corruption strategy

Involvement of the public and

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Involvement of the public and civil society organization has a key role in increasing transparency of work and accountability of politicians. Namely, the process of adoption of regulations in the Republic of Serbia, at all levels, is characterized by insufficient involvement of the public, which is the reason why many regulations become an "instrument" of corruption and misuse rather than means of its eradication. The reason for this is, inter alia, non-existence of a legal guarantee which would guarantee that adoption of a regulation would be preceded by public hearings and that proposals of the public would be considered. The Republic of Serbia also does not have a regulated lobbying process as a mechanism for affecting interested individuals and groups for the purposes of adopting regulations and decisions.

Favorable conditions were slowly created for the influence of interests of political entities on their work due to the manner of appointment and removal of directors and the manner of managing public enterprises at all levels of the government. The new Law on Public Enterprises from 2012 (“Official Gazette of the RS”, No. 119/12) has reduced certain risks of corruption. Although requirements for the election of directors are now prescribed, there are no clear criteria on the basis of which a relevant ministry would propose a candidate to the commission and on the basis of which the commission would make the final selection of the candidates who meet all prescribed requirements. Therefore, selection, removal and the method of evaluation of work of directors are still hazardous processes in terms of misuse and corruption.

Although public goods are, for the purposes of obtaining private gain, traded at all levels of the government, the issue of anti-corruption actions is almost completely left out and forgotten by political decision-makers at the territorial autonomy and local self-government levels. No serious provincial and/or local anti-corruption action plan, except in rare cases, has been adopted and implemented. This would ensure transparent work of territorial autonomy, and/or local self-government authorities, as well as of provincial and local public enterprises, the budgeting process, and/or creating and spending budgetary funds, as well as an adequate response of the civil society and media to corruption challenges. The potential of the corruption problem at these levels has increased and will continue to increase with the implementation of the deconcentration process and, in particular, decentralization of powers from the national level. Non-existence of a standing working body within the Assembly of the Autonomous Province and/or Local Self-Government Unit in charge of combating corruption inhibits efficient control of the council and administration at that level of the government.
b) Objectives
3.1.1. Eliminate deficiencies in the legal framework for the control of financing political activities and political entities.

3.1.2. Eliminate deficiencies in the legal framework and build capacities in the field of prevention of conflict of interest, and control of property and incomes of public officials.

3.1.3. Adopt and implement an effective legal framework which shall regulate lobbying and participation of the public in the decision-making procedure.

3.1.4. Determine clear criteria for nomination, selection and dismissal, as well as for evaluation of results of work of directors of public enterprises.

3.1.5. Adopt provincial and local anti-corruption action plans whose implementation shall be supervised by standing working bodies of provincial and/or local assemblies.

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